Introduction Traditionally criminological theory and criminal justice practices have been focused on the criminal in an effort to reduce crime. The United States had over nine million crimes reported to law enforcement in 2016 (FBI, 2017). Such a large number of crimes lend to the notion that there must be many similarities in offenders and comparable incidents suitable for analysis that fall within accepted criminological theories to provide predictable concepts that could be utilized to reduce crime. This simply is not true. Crime and its causes are complex due to a number of various factors that may motivate offenders and furnish suitable opportunities.
The theory is very pro-active and requires law enforcement officers to recognize, not ignore, offense and deal with it. Offenses such as graffiti, loitering, soliciting, parking violation, traffic driving, truancy, and abandoned property are minor offenses that grow into larger problems that can transform a good neighborhood into a chaotic neighborhood within the span of 10 years. However, there are a lot of disadvantages to the broken window theory. The first disadvantages to the broken windows theory is the zero-tolerance policy. Zero tolerance policing relies on the premise that the more arrests made by officers for minor crimes contributing to community disorder, the less severe crime that community will have to
Begue does further studies on this Just World Phenomenon as well and gives examples as to why we should live through the Just World Phenomenon bias. He states through his studies “that people need to believe in a just world; thus, evidence that the world is not just is threatening, and people have a number of strategies for reducing such threats” (APA Psych Net). Begue believes that a Just World is playing it safe; it makes individuals become more aware of who is surrounding us, providing us with additional information regarding this
Over the years, countries have witnessed many cases of police brutality, which has tremendously increased since the 80’s. Every day, officers are faced with many threatening situations, forcing them to make split-second decisions all the while simultaneously both expecting the worst along and hoping for the best. Police officers shouldn't have more power than any other human-being on this planet just because they wear a badge on their chest especially given the power to take any citizen's rights away, even their lives. Police brutality contains a lot of ethos, racism, and pathos because police are meant to protect society from harm, First of all, police brutality is hypocrisy, police should be properly trained so they do not resort to violence and abuse of its power. It’s illegal for a cop to violate someone's rights; police officers are suppose to be trusted and expected to respect society as a whole.
Crime Prevention through Environmental Design (CPTED) - (By Ray Jeffrey -1971) The major concept of this theory is that crime results partly from the opportunities presented by the physical environment; thereby we can reduce the chance of crime by changing the physical environment. CPTED is a specialized theory, to produce behavioral effects that will reduce the fear and incidence of certain types of criminal acts. The concept was developed by the city of Virginia Beach’s CPTED committee to be used as a tool for planners and design professionals to build a “Quality Physical Environment” with the idea of reducing opportunity for crime to occur. According to CPTED, while doing the development assessment process we should consider the following generic elements. a. Casual surveillance opportunities and sightlines b.
Another weakness it that it seems to need further and more extensive testing. I do like this theory because it offers a different take on why crime happens, focusing on environments and routines and how they both affect criminal occurrences. The only thing I do not care for regarding this theory is that it can cause victim blaming. Blaming the victim is such a significant and horrendous problem in the world today, and it needs to be done away with. In conclusion, Routine Activity Theory has valid and supported claims, simply stating that environmental factors have a heavy influence on criminal activity and the presence of three elements decide whether or not crime is likely to
Dealing drugs is one of the uncongenial ways to make money to take care of the family. Sometimes people must do what they must do. Yes, this does have implications for sociologists. The reason considers the impact that certain products like crack cocaine have on local communities. Crack and other drugs also set many impoverished communities back because of the catastrophic effects of addiction or imprisonment (Levitt).
Police Brutality The use of excessive force by the police is nothing new, and with so many cases out there, it is clear that "to serve and protect" does not exactly apply to all of law enforcement as it should. Even though in some cases the use of harsh force has resulted into solving big crimes, officers have used the excessive force for personal reasons like race. It has affected many lives in a different way and question the authority officers have.. Police Brutality is an ongoing problem and existent concern in the United States; the unjustified shootings,fatal choking, and rough treatment have contributed to the present problem of police brutality. Stop and frisk is a crucial problem that the police department goes through. Stop and frisk is when an officer suspects that someone is carrying a weapon or something illegal and will pat them down it helps the police officers to prevent a crime before it happens.
This story consisted of a lot of situations that are still happening within today’s society with policing. Police taking advantage of the title and power they have to try and control society, but in actuality it is harming society. I am sure Mike Taylor was in a tough situation, I could only imagine. If I was in Mike Taylor position it would not be a hard decision to make. I understand how it was difficult for Taylor, because he is in a position where he has to choose his job or society.
As societal crime rate continues to escalate, the epidemic of homicides and mass murders remains a prevalent social problem. Thus, the emergence of serial killers has caused alarm among many criminologists and psychologists. Serial killers usually have an impulsive desire to kill for no particular reason, which makes it difficult for law enforcement and criminal professionals to understand their motives. Thus, the motives of serial killers have led to heated debates and challenged the nature vs. nurture theory. Many scientists believe that serial killers are genetically incline to commit murders, while criminologists associate violent crimes to childhood and surroundings.