Democratic political systems form the foundation for the redistribution of power and pursuit of egalitarianism. They offer the majority a voice through formal channels of collective decision-making, based on: free and fair elections, universal suffrage and political accountability, (Huber, et al., 1997:323). Therefore, considering that inequality originates from the arenas of societies’ stratification structures and the economic markets, democratic political systems have to manoeuvre beyond the political and in to the economic and social arenas to curtail inequalities. This essay will discuss the issue, are socio-economic inequalities more likely to be tackled in a democratic political system? Firstly, defining the notions of democracy and inequality will
Unlike in economic liberalism, the key actor is the state rather than the individual. Economic nationalists argue on two main assumptions; first is the fact that the inter-state system is anarchical and therefore it is the duty of each state to protect its own interest. The second assumption is concerned with the primacy of the state in political life. In economic nationalists view, the state is the central instrument through which individuals can achieve their goals hence rendering the state an important actor in the domestic and international
According to Marx and Engel, cited by Linklater (2005), there are two social classes, namely the bourgeoisies and the proletariats. The bourgeoisies have power in government and economics, while proletariats are only workers ruled by bourgeoisies (p.110). Marx said, “Class struggle have been the principal form of conflict in the whole of human history. Political revolution has been the main agent of historical development while technological innovation has been the driving-force behind social change” (Marx in Linkanter, 2005, p. 114). It means that there should be a political revolution to solve the class struggle.
The questions of the whether social inequality is justified and the extent of government to address said inequality are some of the foundations upon which societies and economies are built. Two key philosophers on this issue – John Locke and Jean-Jacques Rousseau – differ on this subject. In Two Treatises on Government, Locke holds that individuals have a right to property derived from their labor, citizens consent to the existence of inequality in society, and governments are instituted among men to protect said property. In contrast, Rousseau writes in Discourse on the Origin of Inequality and The Social Contract that inequality should be strictly limited and that governments have a duty to act in the best interest of its citizens by maintaining
He further observed that “public administration is a part of political life only as the methods of counting house are a Part of the life of the society; only as machinery is part of a manufactured product”.2In that sense, politics can be considered as province and administration is that of technical official. Wilson also focused that-administrators should not be involved in political process. In that way, he tried to present a clear distinction between politics and administration. He virtually wanted creation of politically neutral administrative system in a democratic country. So it should be separate from the political system, although it is under the democratic control.
budgeting process. First, what is an ideology? It is a set of beliefs, principles, or doctrines to guide a group of people such as a country or a class how society should work. These beliefs and ideas place value for people, directing their thinking about different activities and events. Democracy and capitalism are the major ideologies in the U.S.
The decision made through a democratic process by majority is often regarded as an eclectic decision which aims at making compromise between two extreme political parties. In Confucianism, Doctrine of Mean in terms of decision making means putting effort to make eclectic decisions between two extremely opposite claims after discussion and consultation. The decision made though democratic process by majority is usually not extreme but relatively eclectic (Xu, 2006). Government, certainly cannot become dominant and ignore public sentiments under this principle. This principle could even complement the drawback of Western democratic elections which might select a ruler without enough motivation and competence
The little that Gramsci did mention regarded his perception of International Relations as a direct subset of social relations, and so any developments in social structure would naturally impact the nature of relations amongst states.1 Neo-Gramscian theory places particular emphasis on the historical contextualization of events, in contrast to the traditional IR paradigm that modern events are capable of being analyzed in isolation from their historical elements. The key unit of analysis in neo-Gramscian terms is that of the “historic bloc”, a grouping cemented by a particular ideology perpetuated by the dominant class to
This paper claims that capitalism falls in the relationship between power and democracy because capitalism consequently leads to disproportionate gain of economic power among a certain group of people who may then want to control the majority. This paper reviews the relationship between democracy and capitalism in historical and theoretical terms and tries to investigate whether democracy and capitalism are compatible in the same government system or are rather incompatible. However, to understand the relationship between power and democracy in the form of capitalism, one must understand the meaning of each of
The study concluded that public sector is more reliable that but not so good in quality and innovativeness, a private sector bank is not so reliable but they are better in services quality and innovation. Bhallabh(2002) analyzes challenges in the post banking sector reforms. With globalization and changes in technology, financial markets, world over,have become closely integrated. For the survival of the banks, they should adopt new policies/ strategies according to the changing environment. Kumar (2006) studied the bank nationalization in india marked a paradigm shift in the focus of banking as it was intended to shift the focus from class banking to mass banking.