Special education as we currently know it has been shaped in large part by court cases and subsequent legislation. After the Brown vs. Board of Education case was decided there was a demand for change. During the 1950’s and 1960’s, a group of researchers began to study the current special education system. These efficacy studies were looking specifically for achievement of the intellectually disabled in general education versus separate (or special) education classes. This 1965 research showed that students with intellectual disabilities who were educated in a general education setting, “achieved more academically than those in special classes,” (Goldstein, Moss & Jordan).
In order to make assessment data useful teachers must understand what information is being reported and determine if additional information is necessary to understand student performance. Specifically, for assessment results for students with disabilities, teachers would have to identify what accommodations were being used. Also it might be helpful to find out if those scores were included in the schools improvement index.
The first observation was conducted on August 30th at 9:00 a.m., while the student was participating in the special education resource room. The observation took place for a total of 25 minutes. For the duration of the observation the student was seated at a small table working one-on-one with the special education teacher. Along with the student being observed and the special education teacher, two other students, as well as, two paraprofessionals were in the special education resource room during the observation time. One student and paraprofessional were working one-on-one at a small table, while the other student was sitting in a bean bag chair reading a book. The other paraprofessional seemed to be completing paperwork at small desk. The classroom atmosphere seemed to be warm and accepting with several seating options for students, along with
Special education services are individualized to meet the unique needs of students with disabilities and are provided in the least restrictive environment. Special education may include individual or small group instruction, curriculum or teaching modifications, assistive technology,
The profession of teaching can be challenging at times. It is a constant juggling act of ongoing responsibilities; including classroom management, engagement, and curriculum. Add in the prospect of teaching multiple students with special needs and it is downright overwhelming. Still, special education is one responsibility that we cannot afford to get wrong. Instruction can play a significant part in their prospective outcomes. Therefore we need to develop a well-defined philosophy regarding special education that considers the laws, your beliefs, and feelings related to working with students with exceptionalities. To become a better educator, I have developed my own personal philosophy with those considerations
Reflecting on my educational and practical experiences, I appreciate the infinite influence that teachers have on children. I realise that children will take the skills and knowledge learnt in the classroom and use it throughout their lives. I know a teacher has to deal with many daily pressures and challenges, in the classroom. However, I feel I require the skills needed to deal with these challenges. As a teacher I hope not only to be an educator but a positive role model, whom the children can look up to and trust.
Special Education is an umbrella title for an educational department that focuses on the rehabilitation of students and providing services for students who require extra academic support to be successful in the current school setting but are also in need of learning life skills that will help them to be successful later. The Merriam-Webster Dictionary defines special education as “classes or instruction designed for students with special educational needs” (Merriam-webster.com, 2017). To assist students with disabilities, the United States government continues to use the current reauthorization of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) of 2004 which is currently known as the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) of December 2015
A. Gain the audience’s attention: Koch states in the article Special Education in 2000 that 1.7 million disabled children were not able to attend public schools until IDEA, the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, was implemented (Koch, 2000).
English-language learners (ELLs) with special needs belong to a minority group and require specific direction for educators on how to help these students in the school context and how to help to improve their educational outcomes. This is one of the most important topics in the field of education in the USA. The main issue of the teachers is to decrease the achievement gap between ELLs and their peers. Though, the educational needs of ELLs are diverse and rather complicated. English language learners face many obstacles due to their cultural and linguistic diversity. Meanwhile, ELLs with special needs have additional obstacles that influence their education such as cultural and linguistic differences as well as disabilities. Consequently, it is quite difficult task for educators to teach such children.
The history of Special Education begins with the 18th century. Before that time, persons with disabilities were not taken in consideration, and were often mistaken as being possessed by evil powers, cursed, or simply stupid (Blackhurst 13, 14). With the beginning of the 18th century, and also of the period known as the Enlightenment, ideas about education started to arise.
Differentiation, with respect to instruction, means tailoring it to meet individual needs of the students. Teachers can differentiate content, process, products, or the learning environment, the use of ongoing assessment and flexible grouping makes this a successful approach to instruction. Teachers differentiate the four classroom elements based on student readiness, interest, or learning profile. (Tomlinson 2000).
Every human being is equal and has the right to education irrespective of race, sex and religion. In the past generally people with disabilities were discriminated against and excluded from society. However, people’s attitudes, towards this group have started to change and they are beginning to enjoy article same freedoms like any other people. Many argue that children with disabilities should be placed in separate schools. However, in my opinion, they should be enrolled in regular school for several reasons.
The American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities and The Center for Parent Information and Resources are both good websites that explains Intellectual Disabilities. According to the American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, an “intellectual disability is a disability characterized by significant limitations both in intellectual functioning (reasoning, learning, problem solving) and in adaptive behavior, which covers a range of everyday social and practical skills. This disability originates before the age of 18 (AAIDD - Resources for Intellectual and Developmental Disability Professionals, n.d).” Intellectual disability is one of the most common developmental disability. It is estimated that