Unfree laborers in the Colonial period were the institutional turning point of having slaves and indentured servants. Slaves and indentured servants were the primary means of the wealthy in America at this time and were seen throughout many colonies. Either as a slave or an indentured servant, the person was expected and required to work in fields to maintain crops, as a house servant, or of anything else the master chose for them to do. The treatments of both had their similarities but also having their differences. During this time period indentured servants were treated more fairly, whereas the slaves were treated unfairly.
One of the major reasons that Virginia had a greater amount of slave was due to Chesapeake plantation which demanded a large amount of slaves to cultivate plantation. Meanwhile, up north in Massachusetts in the New England region slavery was not as high demand as in the south. By the 17 century their social structure was based on cultivators and plantation, and population was at its highest peak in 1760 due the slavery trade. The North and south Caroline brought their profit mostly by the slave trade since the southern region demanded high range of
However, another significant contrast caused by the establishing intentions was the economy of the two. As specified beforehand, the Chesapeake economy spun around the tobacco business, which prepared for different enterprises too. Slave exchange depended completely on the tobacco ranch proprietors as a market to pitch the slaves to. Moreover, the tobacco sufficiently raised to back the importation of contracted hirelings, who might then go to work the tobacco, expanding the creation further. It turned into a cycle, with the outcome being the regularly expanding creation and offer of the tobacco.
The religion in the southern colonies was more diverse. Housing in the southern colonies depended in your social status. Wealthier families would live on plantations with stone and brick buildings, the slave usually lived on the plantations with their owners. New England colonies had a fair class system mainly made up of a wealthy merchant class. Men were the head of the households in the southern colonies while the women did much of the house work cooking, cleaning, quilting and raising the
They were very similar in some things but very different in others. The Southern Colonies were established as economic projects and were looking for natural resources to provide material wealth to the region and themselves. In the other hand New England colonists were mainly religious and protestors. The Middle colonies welcomed everybody. People with different religious beliefs, lifestyles, etc.
Slavery was a predominant factor in the South’s way of life. Notably, slaves provided free labor for plantation owners. Many colonists that remained loyal to Britain when the idea of independence first made its round, known as Loyalists, typically were members of the wealthy class in the Deep South. In other words, Loyalists supported Britain, and did not want to become independent from Britain. The British encouraged slaves of rebel masters to escape to British lines, though they were sometimes equivocal on whether the runaways would actually be freed (Frank, 2008).
With the rise in the production of cotton, the south needed more slaves in order to control and to work the cotton production. This invention increased the demand for slave labor. The invention of The Cotton Gin led to a prosperity in the Southern economy creating a one-crop economy for the South. There was a pressure put on the relationship between the North and the South and their different perceptions of slavery
As one begins their journey on the open road, discoveries are made, new people are met, and life is fully changed. The thought of freedom comes to mind when describing the United States but comparing modern times to the past would not be effective. Freedom did not occur until after slavery passes through. There were many individuals who made an impact. Fredrick Douglass was an African-American social reformer, abolitionist, orator, writer, and statesman who wrote My Bondage and Freedom which expressed his struggles and reflections about slavery.
Originally, this system was to help “civilize” local populations as well as give them Christianity, which was viewed as a valuable commodity. Of course, this quickly devolved into what amounted to a prize system where those favored by the Crown would be given essentially governorship over large tracts of land, and were then expected to ensure that economically viable goods were returned to Spain in exchange. These groups were also typically given the task of town building as well, which incurred population growth in the region. This system, alongside what could easily be described as plagues ravaged the local populations and required that new slaves (typically African in origin) be found, further pushing forward the slave trade as early as 1501 (Baym 6). Alongside physical destruction of populations, as a result of the often religious pretext and hard labor, many traditions and cultural history of local tribes were wholly dismantled, leaving Native populations without a viable history or tradition, a curse shared with African slaves as
It was efficient for them because they had flat, fertile land and a good climate. In addition they were able to have a long growing season and boost their economy. In the Middle Colonies they grew staple crops such as corn, barley, oats, and wheat. Again, they were able to succeed because of their rich land and soil, and a great climate. Last, New England also took advantage of crops such as wheat and corn even though they had rocky soil, forests and harsh cold weather.