220.127.116.11 Push-Pull Theory Research on the outdoor recreation area by scholars found out that motivations is based on the terms of push and pull factors (e.g Jorgensen, 2002; Dann, 1977; Yuan & McDonald, 1990). As Uysal and Hagan (1993) indicated, push factor is motivation factors that influence people to visit somewhere and by doing it, individuals can get satisfaction. That is, according to Pearce and Caltabiano (1983), a motivation or a created desire to go to other place. More earlier research by Iso-Ahola (1982,1989) gave two fundamental dimensions of motivation based on leisure and tourism behaviour, they are escaping and seeking. Also he mentioned that those two dimensions can influence the leisure and tourism behaviour, it is the reason
The main motivation for people to travel are to experience and taste he food and drinks that can provide a lasting memory in their lifetimes the reasons people travel because they want to experience the food and drinks of other places and also know their culture. The unique trips will make the traveller remember every detail of moments that they have at the destination. From the tourist view of experience, food consumption in tourism can be conceptual distinguished into ‘supporting consumer experience’ and ‘peak touristic experience’ as (Quan & Wang, 2004)
1.1 Background of the Study In this day and age, majority of the holidaymakers specifically backpacker tourists hold different insights about certain destinations that would introduce a justified holiday experience at its finest. Enjoying the captivating gateways of a natural and environmentally serene yet an ideal location would be a factor of great drive evolving to their travel motivation which provides evidence on the endlessly increasing mobile world. “Travel motivations forms an integral part of travel behavior and has been widely researched and applied in tourism marketing strategies.” It was emphasized by (Venkatesh, 2006) that the need or desire to see the unseen and definitely know the unknown are driving people to travel to new-fangled
It directs individual's behaviour towards a goal. Our personal motives lead us to act in a specific way, even when we are motivated to achieve a particular target; our behaviour depends to a large extent on how we feel at a particular moment. The world looks beautiful when we are in a good mood, and looks depressing otherwise, though we are rational being with rational thinking, we would like to satisfy our motives in an intelligent way. When the feelings are buried for over a longer period of time, they take the shape of emotions and ultimately it’s our emotions, which have the power to motivate our behaviours. Motivation deals with complex human behaviour to determine the factors which drive an individual to do his best.
The definition of the tourist was proposed by the International Union of Official Travel Organizations (IUOTO) in 1963 and approved in 1968 by the World Tourist Organization. This is the most widely accepted definition. It refers that international tourists are "temporary visitors staying at least twenty-four hours in the country visited and the purpose of whose journey can be classified into two headings, which are given below : (a) Leisure which includes recreation, holiday, health, study, religion and sport; (b) Business which includes family mission, meeting. There are four core criteria of a tourist spot namely, a form of tourism (the most common reason for travel is visiting friends and relatives. A "tourist" will also travel outside
TOURIST The World Tourism Organizationdefines tourists as people “traveling to and staying”. Tourists are those people who travel from one place to another place for pleasure. They travel with some expectations which they have from the place they are visiting. Every tourist have different perception and satisfaction level while visiting that place.This is due to the fact that every tourist hastheir own expectations, inspirations and experiences (Aksu et. al, 2010).
Individuals have their own set of mind, own personalities and own values of course. Fans and casual spectators have numerous different motivational reasons to attend sport events. Galen T. Trail stated in 2005 that there are nine basic motives why people consume sport. Daniel Wann instead noted that there are eight basic motives for sport spectating. Wann and Trail both noted that most of these motives are based on social and psychological needs of consumers.
People usually think of their values on how to spend their dollars and leisure time. Most of the people plan to visit a particular destination during their leisure time people mostly want to adventure things that are not available in the home country. People from age group travel independently and want to experience in all the types of the society. The travels want to be away from the in house electronics and the internet but rather want transform experience that facilitates social experience between family members and friends. Moreover, the future of leisure travel.
Further, push factors deal with tourist motivation itself and pull factors represent the specific attractions of the destination (Chien et al., 2012). In other words, push and pull factors are related to two separate decisions made at two separate points in time, one focusing on whether to select hotels, the other on which hotel to select
Introduction When it comes to attracting tourists to the certain place, motivation plays an enormous role in it. The tourist motivation can be defined as a desire to travel. But what pushes the person to go to travel? Motives by which the tourists can be guided are diverse. They are usually defined by the travel purposes.