I. The Ancient Middle East A. Egyptian culture has been preserved through hieroglyphics and Hebrew people through the Hebrew bible. B. two river-valley civilizations, Mesopotamia and Egypt, influenced and started agriculture, scientific and mathematical knowledge, architectural advancements, legal systems, forms of government, religious systems, and writing systems, all which have an impact on our lives today. C. Mesopotamia was located in southwest Asia; and Egypt in upper Africa. II.
Mesopotamia and Egypt are in different worlds, both of which have different cultures compared to one another. Although their cultures were different, they did have similarities. For example, they both had a similar form of writing and both were excellent with science and technology. They both established civilization “marked by an advanced stage of artistic and technological development and by corresponding social and political complexities” (Fagan 1). From the help of “symbolizations, specializations, and organization,” it “enable[d] civilized societies[Egypt and Mesopotamia] to extend greater control over their environments” (Fagan 1).
When you hear Ancient Egypt you think mummies. But was Ancient Egypt a complex civilization? Well, yes because it showed all the 7 indicators from the beginning of society. They went from hunting and gathering to building homes and temples. It all started with the Nile river. If Ancient Egypt was a complex civilization then it had a well-organized government. Within a well-organized government there are rulers, laws, and taxes.The pharaoh was the most powerful, and was the political and religious. He also went to war and represented the area.The pharaoh was the leader and made sure he helped protect the area by fighting in war. He showed that he was going to keep this area straight. These actions will lead to having a strong army, and people
Egyptian Civilization: Egypt was built on both the sides of the River Nile. Egypt has the huge Mediterranean Sea as one boundary while the other boundary was a huge desert. The Nile is the only real river in the whole of North Africa, a phenomenon that gave the inhabitants of the valley a great advantage over all the other peoples west of them. In Egyptian society, the grain is considered the most important element. The female community was treated with respect.
Ancient Egypt was the most advance civilization of antiquity. They had fairly advance Medicine, Architecture, Religion, and were also wise in philosophy. Greek culture learned a lot from Egypt, and they constantly referred to them and sought to find their ancestors in Egypt. The Nile was a fundamental element for the flourishing of the civilization of ancient Egypt, most of the population of cities were in the Nile valley and the Delta. The Nile was vital to Egyptian culture from the stone age.
Before paper trails and written work was developed and comprehended there was an era called prehistory. This era, that lacked written communication, excelled in the growth and development of agriculture. With an expansion of agriculture, civilizations were formed alongside rivers. Among the new civilizations were Mesopotamia, in the middle of the Tigris and Euphrates River, and Egypt, beside the Nile River. These civilizations varied because one was formed between two rivers and the other was constructed along the sides of a river. As Mesopotamia and Egypt developed many aspects such as the geography, natural resources, and the proximity to water, impacted the culture of both civilizations. The factors affected in both regions were, religion, social structure, politics and economics.
Civilization is the cooperation between individuals within a region. The first civilizations were Mesopotamian and Egyptian civilizations. Both civilizations acquired a different environment. However, their environment promoted religion, specifically polytheism. Although their environments were different, both civilizations were in harmony about the existence of many gods. Religion played an important role in civilization as government laws and divine kingship derived from it. Both civilizations were quite similar, but acquired some differences unique to each civilization. These differences include the environment, divine kingship, and sense of security from either nature or law. The idea and practices of ancient Mesopotamia originated from the Sumerians. Moreover, both Mesopotamian and Egyptian civilization diffused their practices and ideas to other ancient civilizations like the Hebrews and the Greeks. The laws from the Mesopotamian civilization were diffused into the Hebrew civilization as the Exodus. Both Mesopotamian and Egyptian civilization also influenced the Greeks with the idea that the gods were in control of the fate of humans and the environment. In addition, the Greek idea of gods evolved, which was not identical to both Mesopotamian and Egyptian civilizations.
Mesopotamia and Egypt were two great civilizations in human history. Both of them have made gigantic scientific and cultural advances which have affected our way of living throughout time. Although Egypt and Mesopotamia were developed around the same period of time, between 5000 and 6000 BC, they had environmental, political, religion and social differences.
In Mesopotamia they had new inventions. For example they had the wheel, the sail, and the plow. In Egypt they had came up with the idea of pyramids. The pyramids were built by slaves and other workers. The pyramids were made for the Pharaohs or the Egyptian god-kings.
Review Question #1 The Ancient Egyptian culture dates all the way back to 5500 BCE to the time where there were pharos that ruled the lands. Ancient Egypt is one of the very first recorded civilizations with a very distinct way of life. They have traditions that have been passed down and influenced other cultures around the world. The earliest records of Ancient Mesopotamia culture dates back to around 3100 BCE. Mesopotamia had four different empires that was included in it.
Ancient Civilizations Egypt, Mesopotamia, and India are some of the early civilizations, that helped to shape the world as we know it. Each ancient civilization had many contributions to society. Some would include irrigation, grid like house system, and written languages. Ancient Egypt is one of the most common ancient civilizations. We all know them for the pyramid but that 's not all that they achieved.
The Ancient Egyptians were one of the first Civilizations to form in the ancient world. These people dealt with each other in peace and war, birth, and death. The Egyptians have influenced us in many ways. The Egyptians have influenced us in our inventions, math, writing, medicine, religion, sports, and music. Ancient Egyptians were able to build massive movements, pyramids, and temples.
Is it possible to have a heart that is lighter than a feather? To the ancient Egyptians it was not only possible but, highly desirable. If the heart was free from the impurities of sin, and therefore lighter than the feather, then the dead person could enter the eternal afterlife. Other gods in the judgement hall who were part of the tribunal overseeing the weighing of the heart were also pictured holding a feather. In this essay, I will be explaining the meaning of the Feather of Truth and it 's interesting secrets.