Ultrasound can be used as an alternative to x-ray for many investigations to minimize the use of radiation. The utility of ultrasound in the NICU lies in its portability, reliability and lack of radiation exposure. In NICU, ultrasound can be used for a wide range of indications, such as research, proceed guidance and rapid assessment of critical emergencies. In addition, ultrasound can be a guidance to improve safety and success rate of clinical procedures, such as umbilical vein catheter (UVC) placement. Given its availability and reliability, ultrasound can be used frequently and longitudinally to follow-up certain procedure.
Chapter 1 INTRODUCTION In medical science, imaging technology plays an important role in the diagnosis of the disease . It helps the doctor to see the interior part or portion of the body with ease which results in easy diagnosis i.e. doctor can make effective surgeries which is crucial for the diagnosis of disease and doctor can look inside easily without opening or closing too much part of the body. In the medical imaging there are different kind of alternates through which images are taken and that are and images are taken with the help of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), CT- scanners , X-Ray imaging, Endoscopy etc. We take the advantages of these medical imaging techniques in order to detect the abnormalities and the diseases.
It has substituted conventional film mammography. In digital mammography, an electronic image of the breast is stored as a computer file. It offers many practical advantages and patient conveniences. The digital machine is fast, resulting in patients spending a shorter period in uncomfortable positions, there's no waiting for film to be developed, digital images are instantly accessible. The technologist can assess the quality of the images as they're taken, Brightness, darkness, or contrast can be manipulated and parts of an image can be magnified after the mammogram is complete which makes it simpler to notice delicate differences between tissues and transmission of images from one physician to another is quick and easy.
For ocular symptoms we immediately performed laser photocoagulation to all the heamangioblastomas in four quadrants, and feeder vessels were successfully cauterized. In addition intravitreal bevacizumab was administered and subsequent injections were scheduled, which not only subsided macular edema as shown in fig 3 but also improved her vision to 6/9. Discussion: It is a rare disorder consisting of benign tumors in multi-organ systems which haspotential for malignant transformation. In the presence of a positive family history, VHL disease can be diagnosed clinically in a patient with at least one typical VHL tumor.
Laser therapy has been considered for many decades as exerting a positive effect on wound healing. The biostimulative effects of repeated low level laser therapy (LLLT) were introduced in the late 1960s(1). Low-level laser therapy (LLLT) also called low-intensity laser therapy (LILT) or low-energy photon therapy (LEPT) has received clearance from the United States Food and Drug Administration. The clinical efficacy of LLLT in wound healing has been reported. It has been found to significantly decrease the time of wound healing (2).
INTRODUCTION Acute pulmonary oedema is a rare, but life-threatening problem which may cause significant morbidity and mortality in pregnant women. It may occur due to pathologies such as pre-eclampsia, sepsis, amniotic fluid embolism, fluid-overload or beta-adrenergic tocolytic drugs during the antenatal, intrapartum or postpartum periods. Moreover, pre-existing cardiopulmonary diseases may worsen due to the superimposed effects of physiological changes related to pregnancy (1). Management of these patients is a challenge for the anaesthesiologists, because there are no controlled studies or guidelines pointing out the best type of anaesthetic technique in these patients (2). CASE
Surgical site infections (SSIs) are frequent and serious complications of surgical procedures. They are associated with a prolonged duration of hospitalization, readmissions, re-interventions and the patient may suffer from permanent disability or even death.1 SSIs are probably the most preventable of the health care-associated infections. Despite the widespread international introduction of level I evidence-based guidelines for the prevention of SSIs, such as that of the National Institute for Clinical Excellence (NICE) in the UK and the surgical care improvement project (SCIP) of the USA, SSI rates have not measurably fallen. The care bundle approach is an accepted method of packaging best, evidence-based measures into routine care for all patients and, common to many guidelines for the prevention of SSI, includes methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) screening (in high risk operations as cardiac surgeries, orthopedic surgeries and neuro surgeries), methods for preoperative removal of hair (where appropriate), rational antibiotic prophylaxis, effective skin preparation, avoidance of perioperative hypothermia, and management of perioperative blood glucose. 2 Superficial and deep post-sternotomy infections are relatively frequent complications after cardiac surgery and are associated with substantial
A mechanically-guided trephination is standard although newer non-mechanical laser techniques are more accurate and are preferred by some surgeons when available (Gaster et al., 2012). Gaster RN, Dumitrascu O, Rabinowitz YS. Penetrating keratoplasty using femtosecond laser-enabled keratoplasty with zig-zag incisions versus a mechanical trephine in patients with keratoconus. Br J Ophthalmol. 2012; 96:
If an ovarian cyst does however rupture, they have different symptoms that come along with them. Since a cyst is a pocket of liquid it can cause a women to get sick if an ovarian does rupture. A women should go to the doctor if they believe an ovarian cyst has ruptured. A women could actually die if an ovarian cyst ruptures and is not took seriously.
There are many types of surgical procedures that an OB/GYN can perform, such as a hysterectomy, where the women’s uterus, by having the uterus removed the patient can no longer get pregnant. Other surgeries that can be performed are gynecologic cancer surgeries, bladder surgeries, and ovarian tumor removals. The job responsibilities of an OB/GYN is to check on the patients that they are responsible for, delivering babies, prescribe any medication the patients need, and perform any surgeries
If you have noticed an abnormally shaped lesion on your body, you’ll need to schedule an appointment with a physician located at one of our local healthcare providers (Cleveland Clinic, UH Hospitals, or MetroHealth). Regardless what your prognosis is, we can help you apply for, and receive your SSDI benefits. If you need assistance, or have a question, please contact us! Works
j.amjsurg.2004.08.025 This article talks about the progress that robots have made in surgery within the last 20 years. It discusses how in the future the robotic technologies should be smaller and more cost effective. I chose this article because it talks about the different types of robotic tools that have improved the way that surgeries have been done throughout the years and the possible future of robotic technology in surgery. Char, S., Hills, N., Lo, B., & Kirkwood, K. (2013, April 1).