This would be classified as “battery” physical assault and is punishable by law. From this one might say obtaining consent is a must for anything other than a routine physical examination. A Patient should be given the opportunity to ask questions and clarify all doubts. There must not be any kind of pressure to do so.
Healthcare workers, patients and communities at large remain highly exposed to healthcare waste. Contaminated needles/ syringes and other supplies are unsafely disposed off in a number of countries and this pose a risk to healthcare workers and to the public at large. More than 16 billion injections are administered word wide. Of these, 95% are curative in nature, and 5% are administered in immunization setting. It is estimated that 50% of infections given in developing countries are unsafe, and these account for 33% of new hepatitis B virus, 43% of hepatitis C infections and 2.5% of new HIV infections (Path,
What Not to Do During a Seizure Do NOT restrain them, unless they are in danger of bodily harm, such as falling off the stairs. Do NOT open their mouth to place objects or medicines. Do NOT shake or shout at the person. Do NOT attempt to move them except if there is danger of falling. Do NOT attempt CPR unless the person has stopped breathing after the seizure.
The history of the headache An acute onset of the headache of the patient’s life associated with a stiff neck. Figure 3 CT-scan & MRI An ill appearing patient on physical examination typically lead the health care practitioner to consider the diagnosis and order a CT (computerized tomography) scan of the head. If the CT scan is performed within 72 hours of the onset of the headache it will detect 93% to 100% of all aneurysms.
Accidental needle stick injuries (NSIs) are the most common incidents occur in the wards. This incident may result in actual injury to the patients, nurses or other health care professionals. The Occupational Health Unit in the Ministry of Health, Malaysia, (2005) reports an incidence rate of 4.7 needle stick injuries per 1,000 health care workers. A hospital-based cross-sectional study conducted by Bhardwajet et al. , (2014) in orthopedic wards Melaka General Hospital reported that the prevalence of NSIs was high in operation theatre involving specialist (n= 6, 18.8%), medical officer, (n=12, 37.5%), house officer (n=10, 31.2%) and staff nurses (n=4, 12.5%).
They can result from the various processes involved in treatment: prescribing, dispensing, administering the medication and monitory of treatment. In addition, there are several factors contributing to medication errors in hospitals. They include individual staff errors and system errors. There are many dangers resulting from medication error on the patient. They include deterioration of health status of the individual, increased financial expenses (as there is possibility of longer stay in the hospital) and development of medical complications.
Antimicrobial resistance happens when microorganisms such as bacteria, fungi, and viruses become resistant to the antimicrobial drug. Antimicrobial resistance is a global issue because without the proper antimicrobial medication procedures such as cesarean sections and cancer chemotherapy would become very high risk. The cost of healthcare and hospital stays would also dramatically increase for people with resistant illnesses. According to the World Health Organization, in 2016 490,000 people developed multi-drug resistant Tuberculosis globally, and drug resistance is starting to complicate the fight against HIV and malaria, as
INTRODUCTION Acute pulmonary oedema is a rare, but life-threatening problem which may cause significant morbidity and mortality in pregnant women. It may occur due to pathologies such as pre-eclampsia, sepsis, amniotic fluid embolism, fluid-overload or beta-adrenergic tocolytic drugs during the antenatal, intrapartum or postpartum periods. Moreover, pre-existing cardiopulmonary diseases may worsen due to the superimposed effects of physiological changes related to pregnancy (1). Management of these patients is a challenge for the anaesthesiologists, because there are no controlled studies or guidelines pointing out the best type of anaesthetic technique in these patients (2). CASE
INTRODUCTION Wound infections are one of the bad complications in patients undergoing surgeries. Consequently, infections of different organs or tissues that visible to surgeons may lead to significant increment of postoperative morbidity and mortality beside prolongation of hospital stay.1 It has been well documented that eradication of wound infection resulted in significant increment of patient comfort and decreased medical costs.2 Onche and Adedeji3 stated that Staphylococcus aureus is the predominate cause of surgical wound and nosocomial infections. Currently, the antibiotic drug resistance is a fast growing concern in wound infection management beside the risk of impairment of wound healing, bacteraemia, or even sepsis.4 National Nosocomial
We should also try our best to prevent it because there are more dangerous diseases that can spread by ticks. Right now, scientists have discovered fifteen different diseases that are caused by ticks. One of them is called Powassan virus. Symptoms of this disease include “fever, headache, vomiting, weakness, confusion, seizures, and memory loss” (“Powassan Virus”). Powassan virus is far more dangerous than Lyme disease not only because of the severe symptoms; there are no specific treatments or any cures for it.
Finger Print Scanner Pill Dispenser: A Potential Solution to Medication Misuse or Abuse Introduction In the field of Medicine today, prescription drug abuse is a major problem and drug overdose is a leading cause of death. The increase in opioid prescription drug use and abuse has lead states like Washington to draft new standards for physician practice. Physicians have numerous patients that need pain medications for their medical conditions but after prescribing the medication there is limited control over what the patient does with it. The dilemma of making sure patients are compliant with their medication and not abusing it arises, making the physician have monitor the patient.
Central line associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs) in 2009 were amongst 23,000 infections in the inpatient population of US hospitals. (Sweet, Cumpston, Briggs, Craig, & Hamadani, 2012) These infections increase morbidity of patients, mortality, and increase cost. Those that are at risk are the population with central venous catheters. This infection is commonly due to improper hub care and consequently provides the direct introduction of the bacteria into the blood stream. A fairly new intervention to prevent this morbid infection is the implementation of alcohol impregnated protective caps, otherwise known as the brand name Curos caps in addition to others.
The most common type of nosocomial infections are surgical wound infections, respiratory infections (such as ventilator-associated pneumonia), urogenital infections, as well as gastrointestinal infections. Wound and burn infections often nosocomial in nature. Hospital-acquired infections are a major source of morbidity, and even mortality to surgical patients. Immunocompromised patients, the elderly and young children are usually more susceptible than others. Nosocomial infections frequently occur after inhalation therapy, during use of indwelling catheters, transmission of communicable diseases between patients and healthcare workers, surgical procedures, injections, contamination of the health care environment (even the food or water provided at hospitals) or during use of chemotherapeutic or immunosuppressive drugs.
This is because detoxification places your unborn child at risk and can even cause their death when not done properly. Doctors specially trained in helping opiate addicted females get clean have access to opioid replacement medications. They 'll use things such as methadone to help you get clean without harming your unborn baby. Unfortunately, relapse rates still remain high. Seeking help for you and your unborn child is only the first step down a long road of living without self-medicating yourself.