The Petition of Right was signed in 1627 and was written by Parliament as a way to stop King Charles I from overreaching authority. The Fundamental Orders of Connecticut was signed on January fourteenth, 1639 and was an early constitution that established a rule of law that governed the towns of Wethersfield, Windsor, and Hartford. Although there are
Thus, the rule of the Malay Sultanate of Malacca was fall into the hands of the Portuguese at 1511s. Malacca sultanate fall marks the beginning of the expansion of the western powers in Malaya. In the 19th century, several states in the Malay Peninsula was ruled by sultans and kings in a similar manner as the ruler of the Malacca Sultanate. At that time, the government is ruled by an authoritarian ruler, the king or sultan. However, the situation began to change when the British started interfering in administrative matters in the 1870s.
The Anglo-Dutch Treaty, 1824 is known as Treaty of London. This treaty was signed between United Kingdom and United Kingdom of Netherlands in London on March 17, 1824. This treaty was signed to resolve disputes arising from execution of the Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1814. For Dutch, this treaty was signed by Hendrik Fagel and Anton Reinhard Falck and for the United Kingdom it was signed by George Canning and Charles Watkin Williams Wynn. This treaty was created to solve many of the issues that had come to light due to the British occupation of Dutch properties during the Napoleonic Wars and also the issues regarding to the rights to trade that existed for hundreds of years in the Spice Islands.
Jamaica’s Legal System The Jamaican legal system is known as a “common law” system. The common law system is one of three major types of legal systems in the world. The common law system originates in England and in its earliest form was based on societal customs and norms recognized and enforced by the judgments and decrees of the courts. The common law system became therefore the law (customs, statutes and judicial decisions) common to all of England. Jamaica as does the rest of the commonwealth Caribbean has a common law legal system inherited from England.
According to Section 3(1)(a) Civil Law Act 1956 mention that courts in Peninsular Malaysia should apply Common Law and the Law of Equity as directed in England on 7th April 1956.While, Section 3(1)(b) and Section 3(1)(c) of Civil Law Act 1956 mention that courts in Sabah and Sarawak should apply common law and law of equity together with the acts of general application as directed in England on 1st December 1951 and 12th December 1949(Hamzah, W. A., 2009). However, Malaysian government can adjust their own scope for the amended or repealed Common Law and Equity according to local needs. In the case of Jamil bin Harun v Yang Kamsiah& Anor, the courts have the authority to decide whether to follow English Law or Federal Law by considering the situations and the scope of written law. This is because, common law can be applied if there is no local legislation (DocSlide,
INTRODUCTION: English language entered India during the British rule. After the Battle of Plassey (1757) the British rulers expended their empire in many territories of India. During hundred years between (1757-1857 many major states of India such as Bengal and Maratha were ceded to British Empire. Kolkata became thecapital of British India and British rulers began to influence the intellectuals of India through their culture, language and literature. Some scholars think that English language and education came to India after the Macaulay’s Minute.
The term ‘Sources of Malaysian Laws’ means the legal sources, in other words, the legal rules that make up the law in Malaysia. The main sources of Malaysian law comprise of written law and unwritten law. Written law comprises statute law and subsidiary legislation; whilst unwritten law comprises case law or common law. Written law includes the Federal and State Constitutions – the Federal Constitution is the supreme law of the land. There are also Constitutions of the thirteen States comprising the Federation, which form part of the written law in Malaysia.
Common law system ,as the another side of civil law system which is mainly based on code system,usually applies the earlier case decided by the court decision which laid a legal principle known as doctrine of precedent .Thus, this legal system views decision of the court as a major source of law. Common law system emerged in English and exported around the world wherever British influence dominated.The legal system of the USA,and the “old ”commonwealth countries, are all based on the English common law. The doctrine of precedent which is a fundamental principle of common law legal system means that the judges normally follow the legal rules created by the judge in earlier case where judge have made the legal rule known as precedent. For example , in the case of Donoghue v Stevenson AC 562,the House of Lords held that a manufacturer owed a duty of care to the ultimate consumer of the product. This set a binding precedent which was followed in Grant v Australian Knitting Mills  AC 85.
British rule: The British ruled India from 1858-1947, although their presence and trade had been going on for some time before then. 8. Independence: On August 15, 1947, India gained independence from the British, after a successful nearly non-violent independence movement. 9. Government: India is governed under a parliamentary system and is a federal constitutional republic.
VARIETIES OF ENGLISH LANGUAGE IN MALAYSIA English was introduced in Malaysia during the British Empire colonialism in Tanah Melayu in the 18th century. According to Prof. Dr. Shanta Nair Venugopal, a professor in School of Language Studies and Linguistics UKM (2000), the learning of English language in Malaysia began as a tool of socio-economic mobility and education enhancement. After independence of Malaysia in 1957, English language has been recognised as the second language in Malaysia. Since then, the role of the English language in Malaysia has expanded to medium for communication and knowledge exchange. Due to the government’s desire to push our country into globalisation, the Malaysian government has been improvising the English language