They tend to forget social life cause of the work pressure. People adopt the habit of compromising on their lifestyles, family and more over on themselves. Hence it is essential to study the intensive impact of work on people’s life, health and quality of work. Aim: The aim of this literature review is to examine and summarise the research on why there is a vast growth on the issues of work-related stress on individual’s lifestyles, working pattern, and their health. The review will study the definition of work-related stress, the causes of stress when a person is at work and after, the temporary and permanent effects of excessive stress on people of different fields and age group.
Occupational stress at workplace results from various factors and each human it various for some it happens when they perform their duties, location, gender, and environment other factors contribute to the worker and the condition of the working area. And it views could differ from person to person and on the importance of worker characteristics versus working conditions as the primary cause of job stress. Thus the viewpoints suggest different ways to prevent stress at work. Difference in individual characteristics
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.0 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY The human resource in any organization constitutes the most valuable assets of the organization because of the complex role played by its human resources in planning, producing and distribution of goods and services. There is always pressure on employees trying to work hard in order to meet pressing deadlines in order to achieve goals. It will be a challenge and indeed stressful for them to fulfill all their responsibilities. Stress can be defined as a complex phenomenon and has been defined in so many ways. The Longman dictionary of Contemporary English defines stress as “force or pressure caused by difficulties in life” Stress can be described as “an emotional state that is experienced
According to a 2016 report by International Labour Organization, work-related stress is based on an organization’s labour relationship and work design .The presence of work-related stress occurs when the demands of the job transcends the capabilities and needs of the worker, or when the knowledge and abilities of an individual worker is not matched with the expectations of the organizational culture and they do not possess the resources to cope. As stated by a Dr
In a workplace there are several kinds of employees who are working with each other in different circumstances. Thus, it can lead to stress for the employees, which is illustrated as any stimulus that upsets or impedes the typical physiologic equilibrium of an individual. In simpler language, stress is the consequence of something emotional, physical, communal, and financial or other factors that necessitate a reaction or alter. Basically, the stress can be identified as the physical as well as emotional strains and the reason behind this is to pressure from the outside environment or the world. It is mostly believed that some kind of stress are beneficial, however; when stress takes place in amounts that cannot be handled, it can lead to
Performance of human beings and behaviour when engaged in a particular job is influenced by the psychological and social factors, job condition and the welfare facilities available for them while at work. A man will work efficiently only when he can fulfil all the responsibilities according to his roles in his life. Modern life is full of stress. The changing environment, participation, interaction, transaction, planning, regulation become key issues, each with its own frustration attached. Stress is abundant in our society.
Additional sources of job-related stress include uncertain job expectations and descriptions; short closing date and consistent “fire drills”; responsibility but no decision-making authority; routine, dull jobs with no room for creativity; and last but not least, the “isms” – racism, sexism, and ageism (Evans, T., 1990). Also, the development of multinational organizations, telecommuting, virtual meetings and such things as email are depersonalizing the workplace. Lastly, there are the sources of stress outside work such as your partner, your children, your life changes, ageing and impractical expectations of yourself
Over the last years, organizations have observed vast changes in society and especially in the workplace. Scientist believes that the problem of workplace stress has developed in many countries, and research has helped in establishing the connection between stress and ill health and job stressors and strain outcomes. Occupational stress has been formed and adapted by effective and dominant cultural, political, social and economic forces in which jobs happen and in which individual react to their work experiences. (Kenny&Cooprer, 2003) Stress is psychological and physical reaction to specific life events or circumstances. The development of stress starts with life experience and situation that may cause stress.
Stress is simply what we feel when we have to respond to a demand on our energy. It is a natural part of life that occurs whenever there are significant changes in our lives, which are either positive or negative (Bickford, 2005, p.2). We often hear about stress as a negative consequence of modern living and this is a growing problem around the world that affects not only the health and well-being of employees, but also the productivity of organizations. Therefore, work-related stress is the response people may have when presented with work demands and pressures that are not matched to their knowledge and abilities and which challenge their ability to cope. An organization can create stress at its workplace by altering the psychological contract, reducing job security, and restructuring and downsizing employment.
Psychological stress can influence to severe physical values, some of which can be serious (Brady, et al., 1958; Seligman et al. 1971; Selye, 1956; Weiner, 1992; Weiss, 1970; 1971a; 1971b). Occupational stress which defined as observed on the- job concern. Work stress exists to be become a more general problem in recent years, evaluate by surveys done on the subject. Occupational stress arises when demand exceeds abilities, while job-related stresses are responses or outcomes resulting from the experiences of stress.