The Romanesque and Gothic style of architecture have made great impact in today’s architecture. Romanesque architecture was developed in the 12th century. The Romanesque architecture was influenced by the Byzantine and Roman styles. It had the characteristics of round arches, thick walls and pillars supported by the weight of the stone buildings and vaults. The theme of the churches interior was referred to Christianity.
(Ramiar82.blogspot.com, 2009) Most people perceive that architecture will not permanently stay the same but the will continuously change due to vary social context. The term of ‘Modern’ was used to describe the buildings that designed with modernist architectural style, by using the contemporary design thinking instead of using the historical items. (Chapman, 2012). In this context, modernist architect concern on the functional issues in the modern architecture as they designed with the cooperation of the new technology due to the social required. Simplicity, rejection of the ornaments, the equality adaption of the society needs would better assist the working classes due to the economic crises.
Each building was a unique design in itself, an original work of art that fulfilled the specific needs of the client, and the community it was a part of. 4. They were carefully integrated with their surroundings, both through their use of site-sensitive design and natural materials (so as to blend in with the hilly, evergreen setting) and by bringing the outdoors indoors, through devices as large expanses of glass, balconies and decks to allow sunlight, natural scents and breezes from outside to flow through the interiors
Frank Lloyd Wright By: Maryam Al-Mughaizwi 2872015 Introduction The process of defining modernism has been considered complex. It is considered less rational as a style, since its boundaries appear looser as compared to classicism. Many critics would come have with contradicting view that modernism is can be classified differently rather than a style, but an amalgamation of aesthetics and receptivity. A good example is Frank Lloyd Wright who vehemently went against the grouping of a style but perceived his work as the modernist architecture. In fact, he believed that he brought eh change that is already existing in this platform.
He would have different elements such as floor plans, decorative arts and elevations that make up an architecture derived and generated from one design concept or theme. When put in a three dimensional perspective all these elements would blend together harmoniously
Many designs from this movement is still been produced and widely because of their functionality and longevity. The essay has discussed how Modernism leaders define their aesthetic views specifically with educational method, in architecture and fine art. Although there is controversy about the Bauhaus hagiographic, it cannot be denied that the Movement has a great contribution to modern Art history. Bauhaus style generally has principle of using a minimum of material or a maximum achievement. Their formal characteristics are clean lines, an impression of speed and power.
She tried to connect buildings and arts in a way so that it can form a new kind of landscape were a contemporary city with their living people can flow together. Her style was known for bold contemporary, organic with innovations. In her design there was a combination of art with new technologies and materials which makes it extra ordinary. Her creations were more to do with topography and landscape reproduces a natural form. She was an artist who consistently tried to push the boundaries of architectural and urban design that experimented with new spatial concepts intensifies any existing urban landscape in the pursuit of aesthetic visionary that encompasses all fields of design ranging from urban scale to products, interiors and
Therefore, color has not been discussed enough although of its important role, since it was viewed as a choice for a decorative purpose. Moreover, books at that time documented only black and white photographs, which resulted a strong impact on how buildings are perceived. Although theories of leading architects as Le Corbusier, Theo Van Doesburg and Bruno Taut encourage the use of color, Classical Modern Architecture is believed to be characterized by the avoidance of colors and white walls (Wigley, 1995).
The 60’s in the United States, the peak in popularity of postmodernism in architecture and philosophy, are also the years that mark the construction of millions of residential houses across the United States. But as the famous American architects such as Venturi, Graves and Neutra explore the modernist ideas of simplicity and functionality while building skyscrapers and residential complexes for wealthy clients, one architect decides to experiment on his own with the concept of a modern house, and builds one for himself trying to test some of his original ideas. The Moore House built in 1962 by Charles Moore in the outskirts of sunny Orinda, California, peacefully sits on the slope of a sunlit valley surrounded by an oak forest that gives the
Modern art and contemporary art the differentness between those art movements. Characteristics of Modern Art Modern Art is also called as ‘Modernism’, it was a time where art is described with various terms ending with ‘ism’s’ such as; Fauvism, Impressionism, Post-Impressionism, Dadaism, Cubism, Surrealism, Expressionism, Pop Art and many other art movements. All of those ‘ism’s’ group to gather then form the Modernism. ‘Modernist Masters’ include; Pablo Picasso, Vincent Van Gogh, Georges Seurat, Paul Cézanne, Andre Derain, Henri Matisse, Henri de Toulouse, Piet Mondrian, Raoul Dufy, Maurice de Vlaminck, Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Wassily Kandinsky, and Édouard Manet just to name a few. Characteristics of Contemporary Art The Contemporary Art era is known to produce more experimental works and tackles a wider variety of social, economic and political issues.