George Frideric Handel was a great musician who composed many operas and oratorios especially in London. He is an inspiration of many due to his hard work in both music and other fields. For instance, in Hanover, Handel was made the Kapellmeister to the Elector, George Louis who favored him and sent him to visit England for twelve months. During his first visit in London, he was received at Queen Anne 's court and stayed there for the first eight months. However, his great interest was in Vanbrugh’s new opera house.
During this time they experiment with the form, visual appeal, and sound of the violin. They also made the contralto viola which was a larger tenor viola. Their instruments were widespread, and they are considered to have a great influence. Finally, the last Amati that I will cover is Nicolo Amati who lived from 1596 to 1635. Nicolo Amati is considered to be the most famous Amati.
They were derived from: the suite; sonata and concerto grosso; Italian overtures, the “sinfonias”, that were played in the beginning of Italian opera. The “sinfonia” is also the origin of the term “symphony” (The Early History of the Symphony: Origins and Evoloving structure, 2013). The first symphonies were played by smaller orchestras consisting of twenty-five to thirty people; they were shorter in length – the duration generally lasting up to ten to twenty minutes; and they consisted of three movements. The three movements generally followed the form of “fast – slow- fast”. The first movement was generally referred to as “allegro”, the second movement “andante”, and the third and last movement was generally a dance e.g.
Toccata for clavier in E minor BWV 914 J.S. Bach (1685-1750) Slow (no specific tempo indication) Un poco Allegro Adagio Allegro Johann Sebastian Bach (1685 - 1750) is born in Eisenach Germany. He skilled in violin, organ and harpsichord. And he also composed lots of famous works such as Mass in B minor, Brandenburg concertos and The Well-Tempered Clavier etc. Bach was claimed “the Father of music” Toccata means ‘to touch’, generally for keyboard instruments.
Beethoven showed his musical talents at his young age. In 1792 he moved to Vienna and spent rest of his live there. He studied with Haydn and soon he gained his reputation as a virtuoso pianist that often showing his ability of improvisation during performance. Beethoven’s career as a composer can be categorized into three periods: (1) the peak of Classical period where most of his works shown influences of his teacher Joseph Haydn, as well as influences from other great musicians of all time such as Mozart. (2) 2nd period where Beethoven began to lose his hearing, his music changed as he expanded the traditional style forms and let it sounded emotionally more powerful and full of boldness.
Whereas Dufay, to whom his music was greatly compared, impressed by his use of the musical elements and “the grace, majesty and great clarity”, Ockeghem presented a different approach. Ockeghem’s music was noted to give a different musical personality such as it being “moody, flamboyant and enigmatic”. Some of his most noticeable mass compositions are: “Missa pro defunctis (Requiem)”, “Missa Au travil suis”, “Missa Caput”, and “Missa cuiusvis toni”. He also composed chansons: “O rosa belle”, “Aultre Venus estes”, “Les desleaus ont la saison” and “Ma bouche rit”. (Web.
Quite obviously of the concerto genre, it is a very popular violin concerto and an important part of the violin repertoire. The concerto was written as a result of his friendship with his orchestra’s concertmaster, Ferdinand David, who had inspired Mendelssohn. The piece was therefore essentially written for David, him being the soloist at its premiere. The concerto is structured in three movements, each of which is in a different form. The first movement begins in sonata form, the second movement is in ternary form and the third movement is in sonata form.
Many instruments were used in the songs written during the Middle Ages. Woodwind instruments such as the flute and gemshorn were used because of their different pitches. Medieval music also used a variety of string instruments such as the lute, mandora, gittern, citole and psaltery. Most Medieval songs used instruments
However, the clarinet in A, just a semitone lower, is commonly used in orchestral music. Since the middle of the 19th century the bass clarinet (nowadays invariably in B♭ but with extra keys to extend the register down a few notes) has become an essential addition to the orchestra. The clarinet family ranges from the (extremely rare) BBB♭ octo-contrabass to the A♭ piccolo clarinet. The clarinet has proved to be an exceptionally flexible instrument, equally at home in the classical repertoire as in concert bands, military bands, marching bands, klezmer, and