1. Introduction 1.1 Background of the Study This study is emphasizing on what tactics of effective questioning employed by senior and junior English teachers. The writer wants to do some studies on questioning because questioning cannot be separated from learning process. As stated by Arslan (2006) “Questioning has been and is a dominant method of instruction in the classroom. Some say questioning is, in fact, the most important teaching technique in use today”.
The teachers usually teach from a textbook trying to help students understand the content and this adds to rote learning .Therefore at all levels in a school system the textbook plays a significant role as students are assessed through examinations that are within the limits of the textbook and for the teacher it acts as a structuring device in a particular sequence that can be applied
These strategies can include additional elements of a balanced approach. The reading of a book aloud in a classroom setting and pointing at words as the words are spoken aloud provides students with the opportunity to see the spoken word in written context. Konza (2014, 154) notes in some research, oral language is excluded as a key element in learning to read. Although research suggests that oral language difficulties can lead to reading difficulties, therefore it is an important element. Once students understand oral language teachers can commence with working on
Also with traditional scheduling, there is a diversity within classrooms. As for the block scheduling method, it organizes a section of the daily schedule into the extended blocks of time in class which gives students more time to complete work than rush through it. The primary idea behind this new scheduling theory was that by redistributing the school day into longer and more manageable Class periods, school curricula on a day-to-day basis would become more in-depth and education skills would increase. The common block schedule format consists of four classes of 90 minutes a day a semester and eight classes over a school year. According to "Galileo" Block scheduling lessens the necessity of frequent class changes, which results in fewer disruptions during the school day and they say that Students have
In this training, I learned about the overall K-3 FAP as well as more in-depth information about the Problem Solving Domain. My Cooperating Educator was the presenter for the training and she trained all K-1 elementary school teachers in the school district on the K-3 FAP. I learned that 1st-3rd grade teachers are going to be expected to record data on a progression of skills for 6 domains that reflect the whole child, not just academics. These domains are perseverance in assigned activities, problem solving, emotion regulation, reading comprehension: monitoring meaning, school related vocabulary, and writing. I also learned that additional resources are on the DPI
Before children learn to read and write, they must first acquire the ability to speak, listen, watch and understand. “Reading with children from an early age helps them develop a solid foundation for literacy.” Jeanne Chall, leading teacher, writer and researcher viewed the importance of the ‘direct, systematic instruction in reading’ Jeanne Chall’s book, Stages of Literacy Development, investigates the stages of children’s reading skills development and provides methods, for example phonics, in order to effectively encourage the process. The students must master one stage before they can move on to the next. The stages, in brief are: Stage 0 (pre-reading), between the ages of 6 months, or earlier, to 6 years; Stage 1 (initial reading or decoding), between the ages of 6-7 years; Stage 2 (confirmation and fluency), between the ages of 7 and 8; Stage 3 (reading for learning the new), between the ages of 9 and 13; Stage 4 (synthesis of information and applying multiple perspectives and viewpoints), ages between 14 and 18 years; finally, Stage 5 (a worldview, critical literacy in work and society), from 18 years old and onwards . At each stage, Chall states what may be happening to the child in terms of literacy and how parents and teachers can
Reading is a process of constructing meaning. In developing a pedagogy about teaching reading, teachers must be aware of all elements that create a good reader. Teachers can provide the best instruction by delivering a balanced approach to teaching reading. Whilst it is necessary for students to recognise explicit elements of reading such as phonics, students will achieve much more success when also viewing reading from a ‘world view’. Teachers should incorporate a combination of direct instruction and the constructivist approach when teaching reading.
Creating a viable classroom reading environment that supports students’ intrinsic motivation calls for supporting their autonomy as well. This involves supporting their curiosity and interests in reading, offering them some control over reading activities, and allow for their decision making in setting learning goals. To contribute in increasing individualized intrinsic reading motivation, teachers (Ediger, 2001) can design classrooms that contain different library books (in order to meet all students’ interests in reading) for all students to be provided with opportunities to choose their individual books. Homes also play an essential role in enhancing students’ intrinsic reading motivation through making reading materials available. Indeed, to build the grounds for which teachers can foster their learners’ intrinsic reading motivation, the following strategies (Hunter, 2005) can be of practical application in classrooms.
Given that one of the primary goals for teaching students to read is for them to comprehend the materials they read, teachers must devise a method of assessing whether students, in fact, understand what they read. Even though different strategies are utilized in the teaching and assessment of reading performance,