Direct instruction is known as the use of straightforward, explicit teaching techniques, usually to teach a specific skill. It is a teacher-directed method, meaning that the teacher stands in front of a classroom and presents the information. It emphasizes the use of small-group, face-to-face instruction by teachers and aides using carefully articulated lessons in which cognitive skills are broken down into small units, sequenced deliberately, and taught explicitly. Direct instruction is a theory of education which posits that the most effective way to teach is by explicit, guided instructions. This method of teaching directly contrasts other styles of teaching, which might be more passive or encourage exploration. It is a very common teaching strategy, relying on strict lesson plans and lectures with little or no room for variation. Direct instruction does not include activities like discussion, recitation, seminars, workshops, case studies, or internships. DI is probably the most popular teaching strategy that is used by teachers to facilitate learning. It is teacher directed and follows a definite structure with specific steps to guide pupils toward achieving clearly defined learning outcomes. The teacher maintains the locus of control over the instructional process and monitors pupils ' learning throughout the process. Benefits of direct instruction include delivering large amounts of information in a timely manner. Also, because this model is
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2.7.15 Supported self-study This term is typically used to express open, distance or flexible learning programs, where learners work with the aid of learning resource materials of one kind or another, and are supported in their learning by printed or computer-based briefing and assistance materials and/or by tutorial provision. In sixth-form school contexts, the role of the tutor in the process is given much more prominence.
p. 527). It begins as teacher-led, where the educator guides the student through the strategy, and then moves onto peer-led, where they work together in groups to use the strategy (Fisher & Frey, 2015. p. 527). Finally, it ends in independent work, where the students are comfortable enough with the strategy to use it on their own (Fisher & Frey, 2015. p. 527).
Overall, the fundamental approaches shown in the video can provide educators with valuable data which can guide instructional procedures in the classroom. One approach shown in the video is station teaching. In this strategy students are divided into small groups and placed into stations. By using groups teachers can focus on different aspects of the curriculum, which builds upon previously learned material. In addition, station teaching breaks the traditional cycle of large group instruction and allows students to receive individualized attention.
CHAPTER FOUR: DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION 5.1 Discussion and Conclusions This study explored the components of Lesson Study, which impacts, on the respondent’s teaching and student learning. This chapter discusses the results and offers an analysis of how the study results emphasis on the initial research questions as well as connect to literature review of the study. The discussion is arranged on the basis of research question. Summary of Findings Participants interview, observations and from many literature this study explore that TSN through Lesson Study is an innovative teaching approach comes from Japan.
Instructional Plan Engage, Connect, and Launch: Engage: Say, “I know everyone here knows what a square and a rectangle are, but do you know the difference? These are two more 2 dimensional shapes that we’re going to talk about today.” Connect: Say, “Today we’re going to look at squares and rectangles and find out what is different between them because they both look like boxes, right? In fact, I’m sure everyone has received gifts that came in a square and a rectangle shaped box.”
Running Head: Model Comparison Instructional Development Models Comparison: Concept Attainment Model and Concept Development Model Caner ŞAHİN COMPARISION OF TWO SAMPLE INSTRUCTIONAL MODELS First instructional model: Concept Attainment Model The concept attainment model based on research of Jerome Bruner, Jacqueline Goodnow and George Austin which was reported in the landmark work A Study of Thinking (1986).
There is high risk with this model, however the degree of risk can be controlled by acquiring information on the probability of the selected alternative producing the desired outcome. Another option would be the Incremental Model. With this model, Mr. Miller would work with the faculty and other individuals to establish instructional goals. Mr. Miller could then return to the issues surrounding ability grouping to determine whether the decision would enhance goal attainment. Mr. Miller could also choose the Mixed Scanning Model.
It is a viable tool for addressing the maximum participation of the child and can be a catalyst to ensure effective learning. Effective teachers use an array of teaching strategies because there is no single, universal approach that suits all situations. Different strategies used in different combinations with different groupings of students will improve learning outcomes. Some strategies are better suited to teaching skills and fields of knowledge than others. Some strategies are better suited to certain student backgrounds, learning styles and
According to Faculty of Education at University of Cambridge, dialogic teaching is a way of teaching where talk is an effective way to carry out teaching and learning. It involves ongoing talk between two parties; the teacher and the students. In early 2000s, Robin Alexander developed this type of learning. Dialogical teaching helps teacher to discover students’ needs, assess their progress and so on. Dialogic teaching offers an interaction; which is between not only teacher and students; it could be between student and student.
Differentiation, with respect to instruction, means tailoring it to meet individual needs of the students. Teachers can differentiate content, process, products, or the learning environment, the use of ongoing assessment and flexible grouping makes this a successful approach to instruction. Teachers differentiate the four classroom elements based on student readiness, interest, or learning profile. (Tomlinson 2000). Differentiated instruction can be known as an organizing framework in teaching and learning which calls for a major restructuring in the classroom and syllabus, if done in the proper way, its benefits will transgress the costs.
Feedback is a significant element in determination of education quality as well as in effective learning where it portrays the learning outcomes for students and the successes for the tutors. There are many aspects that concern educationists with regards to feedback but the relationship between perspectives of learning as well as teaching and feedback stands as the most important among them. Feedback should be conveyed in different modes in a learning environment but whatever mode chosen creates room for dialogue between the tutor and students. Therefore, it is only through feedback that the student engagement relationship with the feedback as well as the tutors’ perceptions of learning, teaching and assessment that such successes can be established.
8 high levels of professionalism 9 improved student retention and learning. – 10 benefit the community - parents and other stakeholders in shared decision making, interpersonal skills, and management skills 11 inexpensive -change in locus of decision making rather than a large increase in
Through these teaching approaches to teaching, educators can gain a better understanding of how best to govern their classrooms, implement instructional and connect with their students. Within each category of teacher and student centeredness and tech usage, there are specific teaching roles or methods of instructor behaviour that feature their own unique mix of leaning and assessment practise. TEACHER-CENTRED METHODS OF INSTRUCTION DIRECT INSTRUCTION Direct instruction refers to general term as traditional teaching strategy that relies on explicit teaching through lectures and teacher-led