The Great Wall of Ancient China : Did the Benefits Outweigh the Costs? The Great Wall of China was built by the soldiers and the peasants, but they were controlled by the Han and the Qin Dynasty. The Wall was meant the keep the Mongols (intruders) out . In fact, however the benefits did not outweigh the cost of The Great Wall of China. According to document C it states " soldiers were forced to leave families and villages for several years" and " tens of thousands soldiers died from hunger, sickness, and extreme heat or cold. "
Hence, colourful and utopian representations of China became prevalent in medieval Europe. This was a distinct contrast to Europe at the time, which , due to its economic, trade and population growth, was struggling with overcrowded cities that lacked sewerage and were rampant with disease. Despite the questionable validity of Polo's journeys, his memire, The Travels of Marco Polo, was widely popular in Europe and helped shape European perceptions of China at the time. Polo's was one of the first textual engagements with Asia and without evidence to the contrary, many Westerners based their perceptions of China on this text alone. Thus, Polo's travel book and its popularity provide a relatively accurate insight into Western thinking in relation to China and the extent to which the awe of the exotic "other" was widespread.
Consequently, the powerful countries are the main beneficiaries of the land lease. Nevertheless, the poor countries like Sri Lanka can benefit from Chinese investment. Developing countries lack capital for investment, and China becomes a huge source of capital for them, especially when other western countries are reluctant to invest due to various reasons. That is why the present government of Mr. RW that criticized the former government for taking Chinese loans when in the opposition does the same thing after assuming office. Also, it helps transfer of technology from China to Sri Lanka.
Spain didn’t have the ships to transport all the silver, so merchants would transport it and resell the silver for more. China wanted a lot of silver, so other merchants would trade with China. "most of the precious metal made its way to China, where a thriving domestic economy demanded increasing quantities of silver, the basis of Chinese currency. "3 Merchants would exchange silver for gold in China, then they would trade gold for silver in Japan and would make a profit because silver was worth more in China than it was worth in Japan. Finding silver at first helped the Spanish economy because they accumulated a lot of wealth through the silver.
How it was compared was that both dynasties helped contribute the same sections of the Great Wall. Also it was because they both barely lasted a generation. But the effect of those not lasting a generation was that another dynasty would overpower them; either before or right after they ended. Both dynasties countries were right on top of each other. The origin of the Sui Dynasty was China same as Qin Dynasty.
It is an amazing huge project in the history of Chinese civilization. By using perhaps six million workers recruited, a thousand kilometers of new canal and canalized rivers was constructed. The technological achievement was a stunning.  The massive spending on the Grand Canal (and rebuilding the Great Wall of China and many other places) didn’t endear the Sui to its people, the dynasty collapsed in 619. This was wonderful news for the Tang Dynasty succeeding because it couldn’t be blamed for high costs, but benefited from the revenues of the new canal .
Chinese civilians needed silver to pay their taxes as well. Eventually, the price of silver decreased due to international trade. This also resulted in inflation in the country. When the Spanish stopped their silver trade with the Chinese, they had no money to finance a national army to fight the invading tribes from the north. Silver, definitely, left a long lasting affect on Chinese society and that is
Silver was very important to the Ming, because taxes had to paid in silver bars. Earier, taxes in China could be paid in a variety of goods and labor, but the Ming changed their policy to accept only silver. Ming China was self-sufficient, and the silver was the only thing they lacked, while Europe wanted many Chinese goods. This created a trade imbalance in China’s favor, but they still struggled with a rapidly increasing demand for more silver to sustain their large economy. Like Spain, the Ming also invested too much silver into expensive areas, here defense, and had rapid inflation.
Which took from 206 BCE -220 CE (400 years). The only problem with this wall, was that if it was worth the money and the lives that were lost for the possible benefits that would come. From various documents, it showed that the cost of building the wall, does outweigh the benefits of it. Document C shows that the Han had paid tribute to the Xiongnu Mongols to stop them from raiding China, but it happened anyways. Also, Document E shows the amount of harsh conditions and people who were laid to work for this wall.
People in China who live in the rural or the western part of China desire to move to the urban or the eastern part of China where the wages are higher and more opportunities are available; however, restricted by the system of Hukou, many of them are banned from chasing their dreams. Hence, the majority of rural migrants who actually work in the major cities, unlike the urban residents who have Hukou, barely have access to the social resources like education and health insurance. This type of domestic institutional factor, although keeps the population in major cities under control (the government has to make sure that the limited resources are available for the elites and middle-class who live in the urban regions), hinders the labor mobility inside China, creating a huge income gap between rural and urban China as well as the east and the