Introduction Malaysia 's tourism industry began to emerge in late 1960. The tourism industry is not regarded as a major economic activity up to 1970 because at that time, the contribution of primary commodities such as rubber and tin is much more important. In 1970, the Malaysian government began to develop the tourism industry to meet several objectives, such as increasing revenues in foreign exchange, increase employment opportunities and incomes, promote regional development, diversify the economy
Ministry of Tourism and Cultural Malaysia (MOTAC) Ministry of Tourism and Cultural is a ministry that responsible for the whole activities of tourism in Malaysia including cultural, arts, tourism activities and heritage. Basically, Department of Tourism was first set up in 1959 under the Ministry of Trade of Malaysia. In 2nd Malaysia Plan (1971-1975), government had started to emphasize the role of tourism in the economy whereby the principal objectives of tourism had been discussed in the parliament
Over the past few decades, tourism has experienced the sustained growth and deepening diversification to become one of the fastest growing economic sectors over the world. Nowadays, the business volume of tourism can be said to be equals to or even surpasses the business volume of food products, automobiles or oil exports. Tourism plays an important role in almost every country due to it has a greater impact on the development of country economy. The main benefits of tourism are creating extra money
recommendation to promoting Malaysia to foreign tourists. It can be improve Malaysia’s tourism industry too. First of all, Malaysia’s tourism industry need to be innovative for the tourism products. It should create different tourism products based on attractions and strong fundamentals of Malaysia such as food tourism or make some changes for the current newer tourism products such as eco-tourism, try to make foreign tourists feel fresh when they are travelling in Malaysia. Malaysia can strongly promote
1.1 History of Tourism in Malaysia Malaysia was at ranked 11th in the world and 2nd in Southeast Asia for tourist arrivals (The Star, 2012). Malaysian government have make an initiative to increase the tourism in Malaysia with an effort to diversify the economy and make economy of Malaysia become less dependent on exports. As a result, tourism has become Malaysia’s second highest private investment contributor at RM24.5 billion and the third largest GNI contributor in 2015 (Idris Jala, 2016).
The tourism industry today has emerged as one of the industry that can provide a source of income to the country, including in Malaysia because according Shahila Jacob (1996) in terms of the definition of tourism itself constitutes tourism is related to the activities of individuals or groups of individuals who leave originally temporarily for the purpose of visiting or traveling. From there we can see that the economic flow flowing directly or indirectly due to tourism activities can create a range
for farmers and local communities in Malaysia as well as their implications. The finding of this research can be divided into three parts. First part of findings will be discussing about the objective of this research which is to identify the development agrotourism in Malaysia. Second part is the potential opportunities for farmers and local communities in Malaysia. Lastly, the findings will be discussing on the implication of the agrotourism that occur Malaysia.
According to Zeppel & Hall,1992, heritage tourism is an extensive field of sphere travel, stand on reminiscence for the past and the yearning to indulgent various cultural settings and outlines. It embraces travel to fiestas and other cultural events, visit to locations and memorials, travel to study environment, tradition or art or pilgrimages . According to Sileberg ,1995,cultural tourism is defined as visits by persons from outside the host community motivated
2.3 SOCIAL IMPACT OF HERITAGE TOURISM The social impacts of tourism are the outcome of a social relationships that occur between the hosts’ community and the tourists as a resulting from external influences with each other (Mochechela, 2010). According to Cooper et al (2000) cited by Mochechela (2010), social impacts of tourism can take place in few different ways such as demonstration effect and indirect social impact. In demonstration effect of tourism, usually the tourists that come to destination
Introduction Malaysia is an Asian country which located at Southeast Asia and divide into two sides of the South China Sea, which is Peninsular Malaysia which covers southernmost point of Eurasia, and Malaysian Borneo (East Malaysia), which is on the island of Borneo. Well, Malaysia maritime borders consists of Brunei, Indonesia, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam. Malaysia consists 13 states and 3 federal of territories which sums up to 329,847 square kilometers. Malaysia is a multiracial