As the Civil War continued many of the decisions made by the leaders led to different events and affected the outcome of the battle and how the Civil War would end. During the Battle of Jonesborough there were two generals that represented the North and South. The leader of the Union throughout the Atlanta campaign was General William T. Sherman. The top-ranked Confederate general during the campaign was Joseph E. Johnston, but was later replaced by General John Bell Hood. General Sherman’s main mission was to destroy the Atlanta railroad lines that Hood was
The article Antietam In The Civil War informs readers about the battle of Antietam. During the beginning of the battle of Antietam, Lee marched to Maryland hoping to seize railroads feeding Washington D.C. and rally inhabitants of the border states. Next Lee split off part of his army, which McClellan would probably never figure out. Therefor, Lee had an advantage on McClellan’s army. That was true up until one of Lee’s couriers lost a copy of his marching orders and the union found it.
Battle of Fort Pillow The battle of Fort Pillow was short but very tragic. Some people believe it is the most controversial event in the Civil War. It was fought at Fort Pillow on the Mississippi River in Henning, Tennessee. The date was April 12, 1864. The south attacked the fort at around 4:00 pm.
The confederate troops, controlled by General Albert Sidney Johnston marched, 40,000 troops strong out on April 6, 1862. They attacked an unprepared Union Army at Pittsburg Landing near the Tennessee River. The Confederate Army under General Ulysses S. Grant, was overwhelmed and decided to drop back to what’s known as the “Hornets Nest.” The Confederates initial attempts to destroy the “Hornets Nest” were repelled, by the better cover of the Union. Artillery killed or wounded many. General Johnston was mortally wounded and replaced by P.G.T.
The battle of Second Bull Run was fought August 28-30, 1862. The battle took place in prince William county Virginia (Manassas). John Pope was the major general for the Union side and later joined with George Brinton McClellan. The Major General on the confederate side was Robert E. Lee. There were 62,000 soldiers and 14,000 casualties for the Union and 50,000 soldiers and 8,000 casualties for the confederate.
The Battle of Chancellorsville took place April 30th-May 6th 1863. Joseph Hooker led the Union in this battle and Robert E. Lee and Stonewall Jackson were Commanders of the Confederate States of America (Civil War Trust). Lee and Jackson conceived one of the boldest plans of the war, and it was because of this plan that the Confederate States of America won the Battle of Chancellorsville (Civil War Trust). Many lives were lost in the battle, however there was one loss that was the most profound to both sides of the war. Joseph Hooker, the commander of the Union in this battle was a war veteran before the Civil war (Civil War Trust).
The Battle of Chickamauga, fought September 18–20, 1863, marked the end of a Union offensive in southeastern Tennessee and northwestern Georgia called the Chickamauga Campaign. The battle was the most significant Union defeat in the Western Theater of the American Civil War and involved the second-highest number of casualties in the war following the Battle of Gettysburg. It was the first major battle of the war that was fought in Georgia. Along with being one of the bloodiest battles of the American Civil
This battle is known as the The Battle of Pea Ridge. This key battle of the Civil War was led by General Samuel R. Curtis of the Union and General Earl Van Dorn of the Confederates. To begin with, before the battle of Pea Ridge the Union had a strong defensive position in Arkansas near LIttle Sugar Creek. The Confederate forces had commanded General Van Dorn to destroy the Union’s position at the Pea Ridge in Arkansas. General Van Dorn came up with a plan to attack the Union soldiers by marching around the Unions location and attacking rear sides.
General Lee, was known for his aggressiveness on the battlefield, but on this day, it lost him the battle. He ordered a group of 15,000 men to strike the Union center, which held about 6,500 at the time, but had reinforcements nearby. The South had penetrated the Union center, until more of the Unions reinforcements arrived, pushing them back. As the Confederates kept being pushed back, only a few survivors remained. As they straggled back , they passed General Lee, who stated “It is my fault” (History.net).
Heth was reinforced with more troops from Buford’s corps and Lee took notice. Lee sent troops to pursue him and finish the job. Buford reinforcements and Heth’s division and battled a portion of Lee’s army. The Confederates generally won. They pushed the Union soldiers back to Cemetery Ridge.
Though the Civil War began when Confederate troops shelled Fort Sumter on April 12, 1861, the war didn’t begin in earnest until the Battle of Bull Run, fought in Virginia just miles from Washington DC, on July 21, 1861. Popular fervor led President Lincoln to push a cautious Brigadier General Irvin McDowell, commander of the Union army in Northern Virginia, to attack the Confederate forces commanded by Brigadier General P.G.T. Beauregard, which held a relatively strong position along Bull Run, just northeast of Manassas Junction. The goal was to make quick work of the bulk of the Confederate army, open the way to Richmond, the Confederate capital, and end the war. The morning of July 21st dawned on two generals planning to outflank their opponent’s
At the time,according to history of american wars,Charleston was the largest city in the south,so you can see why the british would attack their first.History of american wars also states that Clinton had a “new southern strategy” that could have helped him for the win. This tragic loss had some major effects on the Americans.According to History.com,They lost a major number of troops along with a lot of munitions and equipment.History.com also states that lincoln sufferd major hummilution for this loss.Also colonists suffered the loss of family members that has died or been captured in this
The civil war was one of the biggest battles in american history.America’s worst clash of army’s,The civil war (1861-65) made the union against the confederate states.”In the spring of 1861, decades of simmering tensions between the northern and southern United States over issues including states’ rights versus federal authority, westward expansion and slavery exploded into the American Civil War.””In 1854, the U.S. Congress passed the KANSAS-NEBRASKA Act, which essentially opened all new territories to slavery by asserting the rule of popular sovereignty over congressional edict.” On April 12, after Lincoln ordered a fleet to resupply Sumter, Confederate artillery fired the first shots of the Civil War. Sumter’s commander, Major Robert Anderson,
In the article “All Things Vicksburg” by Allen Barra, he describes the scene at the battle of Vicksburg that gives the North the confidence to win the Civil War. The Union’s army gain the Mississippi River, and they also be able to split the Confederate army into two. The South has a major loss in men and territory. Their weapons were also lost that could be compared to the bloodiest battle of Gettysburg. Then, Barra introduces the readers into several accounts of people who were at the battle of Vicksburg or heard the story of the battle themselves.
Defeating the Confederates was difficult for the Union. This battle was the longest Union campaign. First, the Union tried attacking in two directions. They attacked and defeated Confederates at Shiloh, Corinth, and Memphis. Then, David Farragut came up from the Gulf of Mexico.