It is believed that students are able to increase their listening, speaking, reading, and finally writing by learning new words. Vocabularies are considered to improve comprehension and production in the L2. It is also indicated that an important predictor of vocabulary acquisition patterns in children and adolescents (e.g. , Gathercole & Adams , 1993 , 1994 ; Gathercole , Service , Hitch , Adams , & Martin , 1999) and word learning in children and adults ( e.g. , Gathercole , Hitch , Service , & Martin , 1997) is PM capacity.
But I have always wondered why is that? Can’t adults also learn foreign languages? Here the answer is “Yes, they can.”, but it is harder for them due to a few factors, which they should overcome if they want to easily reach their goal. Nowadays, children are being exposed to and start learning languages from the kindergarten and then continue in the school. There are some factors for these children to start learning
Why one should be language proficient to get a foreign degree? There is a great deal of things that language learning does to people. From reducing the communication gap to having better understanding between teachers and students, even in an alien country, incidences like these are the reasons why being language proficient is necessary to study abroad in Ireland, UK, USA, Canada, Australia, Germany, and other foreign countries. What is meant by language proficiency and how it is measured? Language proficiency is defined as the capacity of a candidate to speak, write, and understand English language while completing education in foreign universities.
Wardhaugh (as cited in James, 1980, p. 182) suggests that the "CA hypotheses has two versions, a strong and a weak version". According to Keshavarz (2012), "strong version" which rooted in behaviorist psychology stated that the interference from mother tongue is the only barrier in second and foreign language learning so it tries to compare two languages and finds similarities and differences to determine problematic areas and to predict errors which may happen in "interlanguage" which introduced by the American linguist Larrry Selinker. Ellis (2003) stated that "a second language learner constructs a linguistic system which is based on first language of the learner but at the same time that is different from it as well is different from the second language" (p. 34). By many practical problems with "strong approach", thereupon " weak version" came to exist which was less ambitious about predicting errors, Wardhaugh (as cited in keshavarz, 2012) stated "requires of the linguistic only that he uses the best knowledge available to him in order to account for observed difficulties in second language learning" (p. 4). The researcher in "weak version" will study errors after that they
Every student in Europe has to learn a foreign language, because it is very important for getting around in life. Not everybody likes learning a language, but all people understand the necessity of learning. It is an often-discussed theme. We all want to speak fluent English, understand native English speakers, and use English with confidence. On the lessons of English, our teacher told us the words of a king Karl the Great: “To have another language is to possess a second soul”.
Vocabulary learning is part of the psychology(way of thinking) of second language learning process that has received a very little attention from applied linguistics (the study of language) and has been very mostly neglected by recent developments in research. This neglect is all the more arresting in that learners themselves easily confess that they experience large amounts of trouble with vocabulary. This research is an attempt to fix this neglect. Latest researches analyze that vocabulary teaching may be very hard because many teachers are not sure about best practice in teaching vocabulary and don’t know where to begin to form an instructional focus on word learning(Berne & Blochowicz,2008). Vocabulary learning is an extremely important
(K.Mitra, 2006)At present, speaking a foreign language represents one of the essential requirements of today´s society. Besides other skills and knowledge, it is considered as one of the most influencing factors while applying for a job or sustaining in a particular work position under the condition of advancing the language level. English language is a necessity for everyone in general, mainly for the students. English conversation plays a crucial role in understanding each other and dealing with different kinds of uncovered problems. Being able to keep a fluent conversation with a native speaker is viewed as the main goal of this research and it also highlights the importance of speaking skills in a student´s point of view.
They are still have difficulties in learning English language especially in tenses. They lost their understanding about tenses although they had been taught before, probably this happened because of the weakness of the students’ memory. And the problem that students often encounter when learning English is the inability to construct word by word into a sentence. In this case, students are confused and incorrect in using verbs and tenses. Besides that, they feel bored with the same technique to memorize all grammar rules and exceptions in English.
In young learners’ class, especially elementary school students, teachers usually find problems in teaching this subject. In general, their problems were related to low motivation, boring with learning, bad study habit, and bad attitudes toward learning. However, external factors, such as the classroom condition also impeded them in learning English. Most of the students had problems in learning English language skills especially speaking. In general, the problems of students related to learning to speak can be divided into four main groups: First, students feel shy to speak English.
There is a necessity of English language teaching and learning so that the best of the knowledge and communication can be extended to all. To make the students aware of the outside world in a broader sense, English language plays an important role. When teaching English for getting the desired outcome is a global problem, teaching English as a second language in tribal areas still remains a greater problem. It is easy to