The first problem is Haitian faces the freedom from want problem. Most of population have to encounter with extremely poor income, According to the CIA world factbook, 80 percent of the population lives below poverty line. There are many causes that lead Haiti to be below world’s average poverty line, such as poor education system causing most of younger generation to be unemployed and underemployment compare to other country. Children are often not in school or suffer from illness due to unhygienic living conditions. In addition most of the population still lack of shelter, access to clean water and food.
Poverty can mean different things But there is a difference between poverty and extreme poverty. But UN:s definition of poverty is to try to survive on less than 2 dollars a day, UN:s definition of extreme poverty is to try to survive on less than 1.25 dollars a day. POVERTY IN THE US The number of poor in the United States rose slightly last year, to 46.5 million from 46.2 million in 2011. The proportion of those living below the poverty line, however, was unchanged at 15 percent of the population, according to new statistics. The figures show that the economic recovery which led to stock market rally has not yet found its way to ordinary wage earners.
This means that we are one of top five developed countries with the most poverty among the richest nations. Also, more than 4.9 million of these poor children are under 5 years old. As stated in The Guardian, the Unicef Annual Report explains that poverty has increased since 2008. The global recession is the primary reason for the increase in poverty as unemployment rates left many families unable to provide care for their
Unemployment was almost handled as well. Value of the state market increased to 91%, corporate tax was decreased to 24%, being amongst the lowest in the world in spite of the obstacles to microeconomic management of Russia such as pressure of elites, resource curse, as well as political problems like Chechnya. In 2001, GDP increased by 5.5%, industrial and agricultural production by approximately 5%. Exports reached 108 billion dollars. These were, thanks to Putin, plenties of achievements Boris Yeltsin was unable to do during 1990s.
Malnutrition in the Central African Republic is one of the main and top concerns for the country. Nearly one third of the population is food insecure with 47.7 percent of children suffer from malnutrition. In 2008 nearly 66.26 percent of the population was living at less than $1.90 a day. But people are not just sitting around and not doing anything. The world food program has begun its first food vouchers program to assist more than 100,000 people affected by conflict.
The study shows that children living in poverty are less likely to be successful than the middle or upper-class counterparts (Hillestad, 2014). Even if children in poverty go to school regularly, most of them fail to get an adequate education. For instance, Nigeria is one of the poorest countries in Africa and Socket is the biggest city which is surrounded by desert. Nearly 9 out of 10 people live below the poverty line which means earning below $1.25 one day. The government is inefficient and corruption prevails.
Olin Jenner, an executive committee member of Sierra Club Maine says, “According to the U.S. International Trade Commission, the 100 billion plastic shopping bags in use each year in the U.S. are made from the estimated equivalent of 439 million gallons of oil, and they cost retailers an estimated $4 billion.” An average plastic bag holds from five to ten items, so in reality, plastic bags are not cheap, and not quite as useful as you think. Environmentalists that are battling the plastic bags with paper, and reusable bags, are also wrong. Even if paper is biodegradable, and cotton totes are said to be eco-friendly, they both risky. “Cotton tote bags...exhibited the highest and most severe global-warming potential by far since they require more resources to produce and distribute.” (Noah Dillon). Paper bags have a higher carbon footprint than plastic, and “the process to get that paper bag to the grocery store is long, sordid and exacts a heavy toll on the planet” (Collin Dunn).
Sub-Saharan Africa is making the slowest progress in meeting the MDGs target with one-third of the population still need safe drinking water (UN, 2008). Ghanaians still suffer from water shortages, 50 % of the population uses unimproved sources of drinking water. This figure is 10 % higher than the average for the African continent, where 40 % lack access to improved drinking water supply (Murcott etal., 2008). In the Northern
Irreparable devastating damage to property, infrastructure, utilities and economy requiring huge costs could otherwise have been used for people 's welfare. Before the floods: Based on past experience the government did not take preventive measures to provide more bunds, weirs, levees, raised dams and sumps for the public. “Prevention is better than cure", saw the non-existence of a proactive communication channel among concerned parties-- government, PWD, Metrological Department, municipal bodies. There was no central command station to co-ordinate operations -- lacked trained disaster management managers and personnel. No constant alert reminders were sent out to prepare for emergency or evacuation via television advertisements.
Between 1990 and 2000, analysis of the financial budget allocation of seven Sub-Saharan Africa nations (Zambia, Tanzania, Kenya, Ethiopia, Zambia, Nigeria and Malawi), revealed that the share of budget allocation to the agricultural sector decreased from 5 percent to 3.5 percent (FAO: 2006: 40). Hanson (2008) points out that while the rest of the world were increasing their funding in agricultural science by 30 percent; countries in Sub-Saharan Africa reduced their funding by 27 percent between 1981 and 2000. While some of the fall in agricultural spending can be attributed to the structural adjustment programmes, it is no gain saying