Summary: The Objective Nature Of Motivation

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The word Motivation is derived from a Latin word “Movere” which exactly means to move they defined motivation as “the individual’s desire to demonstrate the behavior and reflects willingness to expand effort”. We can divide motivation into extrinsic and intrinsic motivation. Extrinsic motivation states external factors, such as salary and benefits, promotion disciplinary action, these factors can affect immediately and powerfully, but it will not essentially last long. Intrinsic motivation denotes internal factors, for example job satisfaction, responsibility, freedom to act, scope to use and develop skills and abilities and challenging work and opportunities for development. Intrinsic motivators are related with “quality of working life” can…show more content…
This objective nature of Motivation is also recommended by Krietner and Kinicki (2001 p.162) put forward that Motivation represents “those psychological procedures that cause the stimulation, persistence of voluntary actions that are goal directed”. Mullins (2006) directs that the study of motivation is basically associated, with why people act in a certain way. The underlying question is “why do people do what they do?” in simple words Motivation can be defined as the direction and persistence of action. Motivation is the key ingredient in employee performance and productivity. People would not get job done without adequate motivation to attain those work objectives, even when they have clear objects, skills and helpful work environment.
To support this study we will consider the theories of motivation. Malik et al. (2011) deliberated the early theories of motivation which consists of Hierarchy needs Theory, ERG Theory, Herzberg two factors Theory and Acquired Needs theory. Hierarchy of needs classifies five levels of human needs: safety, social, ego and self-actualization. Firstly lower level needs must be fulfilled before the higher level needs subsequently this will stimulate
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