The Bravery of the Little Rock Nine “It was” she said “the longest block I ever walked in my whole life.” The Little Rock Nine, used continued effort to achieve difficulties they faced. They had a strong feeling about something they wanted to do, and they accomplished this by not giving up and pushing forward. The Nine students used perseverance, passion, and bravery to become the first black students to go to an all-white school in 1957.
Little Rock, Arkansas. The importance of Little Rock Arkansas in the civil rights movement is the power of endurance nine black teenagers showed when attempting to become the first African- American students to enroll in Little Rock High School. Although legally the children should have been allowed easy entry into the school, it turned out to be a much larger ordeal. In 1954 U.S Supreme Court made Segregation in American public schools illegal.
The Little Rock Nine was a group of teenager chosen to integrate Central High, which is in Little Rock, Arkansas. The group consists of three guys, named Ernest Green, Jefferson A. Thomas, and Terrence Roberts. The girls of the group were Carlotta Walls LaNier, Minnijean Brown, Elizabeth Eckford, Thelma Mothershed, Gloria Karlmark, and Melba Pattillo Beals. Ernest Green was a senior when he started at central, he was the first African-American student to graduate from Central High. They commonly faced challenges of the segregationists.
In the 1950’s through the 1960’s if one was an African-American one would have to walk three to four miles in the scorching heat to go to their all black school. Jim Crow laws were designed to segregate African-Americans and whites. Before, May 17.1954, the court would use the phrase “separate but equal” to justify excluding blacks from white facilities and services. In one Supreme Court case called Brown vs. the Board of Education of Topeka, the Chief Justice and the other eight Associate Justices on the Supreme Court ruled that all U.S. schools had to integrate. Some schools integrated while other schools did not.
The Progressive Era was a time period between 1890-1920 in U.S. history, where the world was stable and perfect in appearance, but behind the surface, was corrupt. With the Industrial Era also occurring at this very time pollution, poverty, and disease plagued cities. It was the job of muckrakers to expose this corrupt world and unveil it. Ida Tarbell, Lincoln Steffens, and Upton Sinclair were all famous muckrakers of their time. Ida was a journalist who investigated the corruption of businesses, more specifically John.
The background of the Civil Rights Movement reinforces the philosophy of anthropologist Margaret Mead who believed that “a small group of thoughtful committed citizens can change the world.” Each individual possesses the power to encourage a difference in their community, whether it will benefit or harm the population is their decision. We must question our criteria to determine whether an event has changed the world, must it be an international change to be considered significant? Numerous organizations like the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) have battled for the civil rights of individuals while harnessing the power of civil disobedience that disputes the righteousness of racism.
May 27 1958 Ernest Green was the first black student to graduate Central High. The Governor has continued to fight the school board integration plan. On September 1958 Faubus ordered three of Little Rock high schools to integrate .Many of the little rock students have lost a year of education due to the process of integration. A year later the federal court struck down Fabus school-closing law,later that year in August Little Rock High school opened a year early with blacks present. All grades in Little Rock were finally integrated in
Central High School is one of the first schools in American history to integrate black and white students. Nine students, known as “The Little Rock Nine,” are chosen to be the first black students to enter that high school. Elizabeth Eckford is one of the nine students who entered Central High School all alone on September 4th 1957. This day was a nightmare for Elizabeth. After being denied entry by the Arkansas National Guard and being harassed by a shouting crowd who are opposed to integration, Elizabeth managed to stay calm.
Many individuals/Scholars tend to characterize the 1950s as a time of conformity, prosperity, & solidarity. While the 1960s was viewed as the decade of pandemonium, chaos & rebellion. These descriptions of both decades may be accurate. But many argue that there is a correlation between the two periods.
All throughout the beginning half of the 20th Century, Blacks, who were still in the full-fledged war against oppression, were finally starting to make some progress. By the year 1941, through legal battles, blacks were able to organize individuals on the ground, Executive order 8802(first federal action to promote equality and prohibit employment discrimination) and even the educational system had begun to desegregate. Despite the fact that there was a huge push back against Jim Crow through legal action, the south was not willing to concede. With new legislation in place, that was designed to promote equality, individuals are known as the Freedom Riders entered the south to challenge segregation at its very core.