Parkinson's Disease Outline

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What is Parkinson’s disease?
Parkinson’s disease is a condition that typically causes tremors and stiffness in body movement. It is a progressive and chronic disorder that limits movement. That means that someone who has Parkinson’s disease will always have the disease and it will worsen over time. Most cases Parkinson’s disease is caused by a grouping of environmental and genetic factors. This will be discussed in more detail later in the presentation. The genes that end up getting mutated are the LRRK2, PARK2, PARK7, PINK1 and the SNCA gene, however sometimes it can occur in some other genes that have not yet been identified.
Nature of the Disease
The symptoms of Parkinson’s disease (such as slurred speech and tremors) develop …show more content…

Deep brain stimulation is when surgeons insert electrodes into the thalamus (part of brain) and connected a generator located near your collar bone via wire. This generator sends electrical pulses to the brain helping reduce symptoms of Parkinson’s. this treatment is mostly offered to those with advanced cases of Parkinson’s disease.
Social Issues research conducted in 2010 identified one of the main social challenges faced by Parkinson’s patients. The difficulty faced by Parkinson’s patients is the inability to read and interpret facial expressions. The studies indicated that patients that had been treated with deep brain stimulation found it most difficult to recognise negative emotions such as fear and sadness. Another difficulty faced by those diagnosed with Parkinson’s disease is the way that their speech deteriorates as the disease progresses.
Economic Issues
The results show that Parkinson’s Disease places a major burden on the individual, the family and society. Costs associated with Parkinson’s Disease increase substantially with disease progression, and the majority of costs originate from outside the formal healthcare system. Owing to the scarcity of epidemiological and health economic data, cost calculations are conservative and probably underestimate the true burden of Parkinson’s

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