Programme Evaluation And Review

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PROGRAMME EVALUATION AND REVIEW TECHINIQUE (PERT)
INTRODUCTION:
The Programme evaluation and review technique (PERT) is a widely used method for planning and coordinating large-scale projects. As Harold Kerzher explained in his book project management.
Programme evaluation and review planning is basically a management and control tool. It can be considered as a road map for a particular programme or project in which all of the major elements (events) have been completely interrelations.
Programme evaluation and review technique was developed during the 1950s through the efforts of the U.S. Navy and some of its contractors working on the Polaris missile project during the cold war and is intended for large projects, which are:
• Complex
• Require
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The CPM is ideally suited to projects consisting of numerous activities that interact in a complex manner.

PROCESS:
Critical Path Method is a technique for schematizing a set of task in the form of an arrow diagram. Here are the key steps of the Critical Path Method:
1. Identify all the tasks of the project: with the help of your team, list all the task necessary to accomplish your project. List only the most important tasks without going into the subtask because the critical path would then become to complex to manage.
2. Define the order of task and there dependencies: determine which tasks must be performed first, and then define the dependencies between each task.
3. Calculate the duration of each task: Estimate the time required to complete each task based on previous project and the experience of your team members. Depending on the size of the project, the duration will be counted in days or week.
4. Draw the diagram in a network: manually or with software , draw the graph representing all of your task according to their order and dependency. This graph helps you visualize your task and the relationship between them with the
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Refresh the diagram: As the project progresses, you will learn about the actual duration of the task. Take advantage of this to update your diagram. This makes it possible to recalculate the critical path, but also to have a more realistic view on the project’s deadlines. You will know if you are on time, early or late, and you can act accordingly.

MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM

INTRODUCTION:
Management Information System broadly refers to a computer-based system that provides managers with the tools to organize, evaluate and efficiently manage departments within an organisation. Inorder to provide past, present and prediction information, a management information system can include software that helps in decision making, data resources such as database, the hardware resources of a system, decision support systems, people management and project management applications and any computerised processes that enables the department on run efficiently.

DEFINITION:
Management Information System is a planned system of collecting, storing and disseminating data in the form of information needed to carry out the functions of

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