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Qing Dynasty Compare And Contrast Essay

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The Mughal and Manchu/Qing empires were formed during the 16th century and became two of the largest, economically successful, and most powerful dynasties in Asia for over two hundred years. “In each empire, hereditary emperors ruled over multi-ethnic and multi-religious states. As the result of conquest, ethnic minorities ruled both the Qing Dynasty in China and Mughal Empire in India”. These empires thrived and expanded over the years due to their effective leadership and implicit understanding of the inherent problems of minority rule. The Mughal Empire in India was created by Muslims from Central Asia who maintained control over a population consisting primarily of Hindus and the Manchu or Qing Dynasty consisted of a small number of Manchurians ruling a vast population of Han Chinese. In both cases, the empires were successful because the leaders understood the importance of acceptance, religious tolerance, and the ability of the native population to participate in the structural organization of the ruling government. After the fall of…show more content…
The Manchu were a group of people living along the northwest border of China in Manchuria. By the late 1500s, the Ming Dynasty was in decline. Weak leaders, government corruption, high taxes, and famine led to peasant rebellions throughout the empire. By the early 17th century, Japanese pirates were attacking and looting port cities and China was under increased pressure to expand trade with European markets. When an army of rebellious peasants seized the capital, Beijing, the last Ming emperor committed suicide and his leading general requested help from the Manchu. Similar to the way that Babur came to power in India, the Manchu put down the uprising and immediately created their own dynasty with the capital in Beijing. The Qing Dynasty, which lasted from 1644 – 1911, would be the last dynasty in 3,500 years of empirical Chinese
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