As humans, we are given different rights that are meant to provide us with a chance at a good life. However, these rights can become compromised when it comes to conflicts between a pregnant woman and her fetus. The right of the fetus to live is seen as inferior to the right of the mother to have an abortion. Although each of the rights is different, it is not appropriate to say that one citizen’s rights are more superior than another citizen’s rights.
Pregnancy, giving birth, and abortion are three interrelated topics. They offer moral dilemmas that aren’t easily solved or tackled. In this paper, I will discuss abortion and I will approach it from the point of view of a consequentialist, a deontological ethicist, and a virtue ethicist. I will start by defining abortion, provide some information about the reasons why women opt to abort a fetus, then give a specific example of a moral dilemma that a woman is facing, and explore the dilemma from the different points of view.
Tort reform has influence not only on the court and victims, but also on clinicians and medical field. Many health providers and clinicians are in favor of the tort reform (Santiago, 2016). The tort reform make clinicians have no full responsibilities to compensate for the malpractice, and they will not need pay for the cost. However, this is not mean that it is unfair to patients. For big medical treatments, such as surgeries, patients’ families usually need to sign a contract for possible medical risks that might happen. This is also a protection to doctors.
Throughout the article Are hospitals the safest place for healthy women to have babies? obstetrician, Neel Shah addresses the topic with ease. Dr. Shah not only brings awareness to different arguments, but he expands on them in a way to aid his opposition. Shah doesn’t only provide details and evidence, but he brings an insight to an obstetrician’s point of view. Doctor Shah develops his argument by personal credibility. Shah is an obstetrician, and an assistant professor of obstetrics, gynecology, and reproductive biology at Harvard Medical School. Not only does Shah mention his view on c-sections and hospital views, but he credits other obstetricians and scientists as well. In the article, he credits guidelines made by UK’s National Institute for Health and Care Excellence(NICE) and how they believe women should ‘’go back to the way things were.’’ NICE proposes that there are ‘’significant benefits’’ to this and it’s even safer. Shah even correlates these guidelines to the US and UK’s healthcare systems. He takes notice to the quality of healthcare in the United States and the rebuttal received from the guidelines of NICE. ‘’I soon realized that this rebuttal largely hinged on flaws
while taking into consideration a patient's beliefs and wishes regarding all aspects of their health. The
A pressing women’s right issue that has divided the nation for the last 40 years is Abortion. It’s a procedure in which a woman medically terminates her pregnancy, this option to terminate a pregnancy has come under great fire due to moral permissibility and ethical concern. The right to abortion was granted on a constitutional basis under the landmark decision by the supreme court case, “Roe Vs. Wade” but has been attacked and attempted to be dismantled by sweltering opposition by several special-interests groups.
Abortion is defined as the purposeful termination of a fetus, either naturally or medically (Abortion 2). In this instance, an unborn fetus is killed either through natural causes such as a miscarriage, or by medically induced methods which are assisted by medical professionals. (McFall 188). Medically induced methods are the most controversial of the two because a mother cannot control the natural circumstances of abortion, but medically induced methods are controlled by the mothers who hold full responsibility for ending their unborn child’s life. The question in discussion is, why is abortion legal if a fetus is being denied a life? Supporters believe abortion is the right of woman; however, abortion dismisses the fetus a well-deserved life
Abortion has been an ongoing debate for quite some time now. According to Learn Teach Change, the definition of abortion is the ending of pregnancy by removing the fetus or embryo before it can survive outside of the uterus. When a mother loses her baby naturally it is called a miscarriage. Those who are against abortion often state that an embryo or fetus is a human with a right to live and some will even compare abortion to murder. Those who say abortion should be legal, often state that a woman has a right to make the choice concerning decisions about her own body. Abortion is harmful to the fetus, but there are many beneficial things about abortions for a larger portion of the population.
“Where do babies come from?” Every child at one point or another will ask this classic question. Depending on the age of the child, some parents will tell the story of the stork, or if they feel it is morally wrong to lie to their child, they will just say “when two people love each other.” Sooner or later, either through mischievous friends or eventually from their parents, a child will learn the biological development of a baby. They then believe this is the only way a baby is created- simple and easy. However, reproduction is the exact opposite of simple and easy. In some cases, the male and/or female may be infertile. There are numerous causes of infertility, for example: hormonal imbalance, environmental conditions, autoimmune disorders,
Medicine is a practice based on moral standards applied to clinical values and judgments, also known as medical ethics. Ethical values consists of beneficence, nonmaleficence, autonomy and justice. However, these ethical principles are affected when distributive justice and rationing of health care resources are implemented “…in a world in which need is boundless but resources are not…” (Scheunemann & White, 2011, p. 1630).
page 66). These are based on the argument that for one group, it should be
Through differences and similarities Brave New World, written by Aldous Huxley, shows the future for reproductive technologies. While this novel was written in the 1930’s, the ideas used in the book are actually used in the modern world. Reproductive technologies are used to treat infertility and increase reproduction in different ways and some are used as contraceptives. Through the use of modern reproductive technologies Huxley gives a more controversial view about the use them, some of the few that brought attention were the use of contraceptive pills, test-tube babies, and the process of in vitro fertilization.
One of the furthermost essential issues in biomedical ethics is the controversy around abortion. There’s a long history on this controversy and it is still critically debated among researchers and the public in both terms of morality and legality. Some of the basic questions argued that may perhaps characterize the importance of the issue: Is abortion morally justifiable? Does the foetus/embryo/zygote have any moral and legal rights? Is the foetus a human being and, if so, should it be protected? What are the measures for being a human being? Is there any morally relevant break along the biological process of development from the unicellular zygote to birth? In this essay I will discuss why physician should recommend prenatal testing for severe birth defect even if it might encourages abortion therefore I do not agree with the statement above. My argument will based on the following ethical principles and theories: Utilitarianism, Respect for Autonomy and Virtue
Ethics is a sub-discipline of philosophy which is basically concerned with morals and defining right and wrong behaviour. Research ethics involves the application of ethical principles to many fields involving research including human experimentation, animal experimentation and academic research. Many of these fields of research have different ethical issues, for example the ethical issues academic research mainly consist of plagiarism and falsifying data. Human medical testing has very different ethical issues such as voluntary informed consent. Voluntary informed consent was first put forward by the Nuremberg Code which is a set of research ethics for human experimentation that were created after the horrific and deadly experiments conducted
The prenatal diagnostics and prenatal screening being routine procedures should be considered as advantage of modern medicine. It helps to reveal wide spectrum of fetus abnormal conditions, but not only congenital defects and malformations. Early detection of many of them could help to perform surgical correction and necessary management as soon as possible in order to save newborns’ lives. On the other hand, this method is widely discussed and it has many opponents, and in some countries prenatal diagnostic procedures is not considered now as a screening method. Main ethical issues are terminations of pregnancies in case of malformations, which may be supposed as eugenical abortion, inform consent and problem of decision-making process. This problem is closely related to moral status of fetus, ethical issue about the value of life and problem of what kind of condition should be tested for.