I find the role of religion in government quite interesting. In a previous lesson we learned about the Byzantine and Persian Empires and how they served as patrons for religious orthodoxies. Now as we start to discuss more about post-Muhammad Islam, we learn about the empires that served as the patrons for Islam. Religion seems to be the primary foundation for the rise and success for many of these empires, but in the 21st century religion does not serve this same purpose. The Safavid Empire was govern by and for Shiite Muslims, the Mughul Empire is quite distinct in that it seemed to be fueled by religious tolerance, so it was a hybrid of Islam and Hinduism, and the Ottoman Empire is also noteworthy as Robinson describes it as the “mightiest of the three”, most likely due …show more content…
The Mughul’s took over an area that was predominately Hindu and Islam was a minority. The primary framework of the Mughol Empire relied on Hindu cooperation and with that ruler Akbar had to promote religious tolerance, in what Robinson describes as a tactic used by previous rulers to defend Islam. Akbar abolished a discriminatory tax that targeted Hindu Pilgrimage and “jizya”, another tax that was for non-believers in Muslim territories. Akbar also replaced the use of the Islamic lunar calendar and prevented Muslims from killing or eating cows in favor of the Hindus (Robinson, 61). The religious tolerance exhibited by Akbar and other rulers, reminds me of how America tries to implement the removal of Church and State and I would also compare Akbar’s form of governmental ruling to a liberal government, versus a traditional, conservative government that we would stereotypically assume during this time. I strongly believe that through the implementation of religious tolerance, the Moghuls were able to keep increasing their territory and
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The early Islamic empire has expanded throughout the years and over time. Throughout the Documents I found out that the Islamic empire expanded by coming together and reunited. In Document A I found that the Muslims gathered gather together, the Greeks and their followers tied themselves together therefore none of them could run away. In Document C it says that they were granting of gifts which remained the practice of Muhammad which eventually institutionalized. I think that meant that Muhammad remained going toward established as part of the government.
Akbar: Akbar was one of Mughal India’s famous emperors who ruled from 1556 to 1605. Although he was Muslim, Akbar recognized that the majority of the population practiced Hinduism. Therefore, Akbar accommodated to the Hindu majority by incorporating Hindus into political-military elite and by supporting the building of different Hindu architects. Eventually, Akbar even created a House of Worship where representatives of different religions could come together over intellectual discussions. Most Muslims did not agree with Akbar’s policies, however, they were quickly changed when Akbar passed and Aurangzeb took
Ottoman Empire/ Safavid Empire Trends that both the Ottomans and the Safavids had during this time period was dealing with decentralization and recentralization. Both of these empires had to deal with the decline or rise of the tax revenues from the countryside. Another trend that both the Ottoman and Safavid empire had was the process of centralizing the military and administrative reforms (Chapter 25, in Patterns of World History, Vol. 2, p. 775). One cause that contributed to the rise of the Ottoman Empire was during the year1500 to 1700 when the Ottomans were the dominant political power in the Middle East and North Africa (Chapter 25, in Patterns of World History, Vol. 2, p. 762). During this time period, the Ottomans were flanked by two lesser realms which were the Persia in the east and the
Surprisingly, the Safavid rapidly declined after the rule of Abbas I, despite being at its peak. Several of his Abbas’ advisors plotted to take control of the throne and prevented any legitimate heir succeeding the throne, otherwise, the empire would have lasted much longer than it did. High state officials appointed his grandson to the throne, someone easily manipulated, after Abbas’ death. From that point on, the succession of leaders could not maintain or return the empire to its glory days. Furthermore, the trend of isolating princes in atmospheres of luxury and intrigue led to a decline in Safavid rulers.
To create something great you must learn from the achievements and failures of others. This is how many of the great empires of the old world became what they were and how modern day society came about. Some of these empires that we have learned from are the Ottomans, the Safavids, and the Mughals. These societies had a major impact with their cultural achievements, ranging from their art to their writing. While they share similarities of a virtuous empire, they also have some differences which contributed to their rise and fall.
Religion heavily altered and transformed America throughout the New World into the 21st century. Religion affects the way a person believes and behaves, which plays an enormous role in how a person’s life turns out. Religion influenced a politician’s decisions, decided who could hold office and who would be hired. Religion has influenced politics in a positive way. Before religion was heavily involved in politics, politicians made decisions for the betterment of the country, not the people.
The Ottoman and Mughal empires both used Islam in their culture, economy, wars, and society. It influenced their art, the way they treated non-Muslims, their motivations for war. It is important to note that both empires were influenced differently by their majority religion. However, both the Ottomans and Mughals were heavily influenced as Islam was a major part of everyday life from the art to the bureaucracy.
Our government was not built to serve the beliefs of one religious group for this
The Marāthās, in particular, became so enraged that they eventually gained their independence from the Mughals and established their own empire,” (Gale). The departure of the Marāthās proves the lack of religious tolerance the Mughals had at times. The Marāthās were so enraged at the lack of acceptance that they left the empire rendering it smaller and weaker. This is just one example of the Mughals not only only neglecting to practice religious tolerance, but how refusing to accept all people for their beliefs backfired in the empire’s overall growth and unity.
Name: Anthony Contreras Date: 04/10/17 Pd: # 4 How are Governments FORMED? How do they stabilize, centralize and sometimes lose control? The Mughal Empire at its peak extends over almostentire Indian subcontinent and large parts of Afghanistan. It was the second largest empire have existed in the Indian subcontinent, extending four million square kilometers at its peak, only after the Maurya Empire, which covered five million square kilometers. as we can see in this empire most Muslims were Hindus was a civilization based on religious tolerance were an absolute ruler who was belief at a time when religion was common for themselves, there was a tax paid in exchange for religious freedom were treated in this way since the princess
In the Why Islam Spread So Quickly reading it states, “...A series of ghazu raids against the non-muslims communities in the neighboring countries. The unity of the ummah would be preserved by an outwardly directed offensive [attack].” This relates to the spread of Islam because Muslims use a strategy of raids against non-muslims that would preserve the unity of the ummah. Lastly conquest and war guided Islam to a large population with the help of the Byzantine and Persian Empire.
(ARTTICLESSSS) As stated previously, religion was an issue in the Mughal Empire. It was a Hindu population ruled by Muslims- eventually, a new religion was created called Sikhism, which was a cross between Hinduism and Islam, but this did not soothe the religious unrest. There were actually a few cases of Hindu rebellions.
Over the past few years, anyone can tell you that religious importance in our country has become less, and less vital. Recent events like the terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center in New York City, New York, and the attacks on Paris, France, have made the freedom of religion harder and harder to come by. Having the free practice of religion has proved difficult. Christianity has suffered from these issues as the general acceptance of the religion has declined substantially in the few decades. A recent poll there was a sense of discrimination for the Islamic religion, as they have been responsible for the attacks, 8/10 Americans believe Christianity should be practiced freely, while only a mere 6/10 Americans think the Muslims should practice freely (Source #3).
One of the essential characteristics of democracy is the separation of church and state. It has been argued that democratic regimes function best when religious authority is separated from political authority because religious view can often ben disruptive in making political decisions. The United States is one of the first countries to prohibit the government from endorsing any religion. Therefore, with the rising influence of evangelism would destroy this particular characteristic of democracy. Moreover, one of the key elements of democracy is rule of law, which refers to the idea that laws apply equally to all citizens.
This argument is weak because religion and the state have never been completely separated. Simply take a look at politics. The crises in Iraq, Egypt, and Lebanon are all based on religious ideas. Many US politicians base their politics on religion. For instance Donald Trump, a current leading U.S. presidential candidate is most popular for his religious ideas.