Culture consists of manners, tradition, language, ideology, values and artistic expression. External and internal aspects of culture are included in it. External form of culture organized on the basis of internal ideologies. Only one change occurred in our culture, which was the result of British imperialism in the form of social, economical and political structure. This change was the important phase of our historical development.
In Hong Kong this sign is viewed as something quotidian and straightforward, the use of Simple English gets the message across readers who graduated from different levels of education. However, imagine putting this sign 12,719 kilometers across the world in the United States, it will no longer be one of those ordinary signs that people look at and walk pass. Instead, it will be considered as one of those, “language errors” that gets on the headlines of The New York Times, being criticized and ridiculed. During the years, 1841 to 1997, Hong Kong was a colony of the British Empire. As a result, the official language of the British Empire 一 English, has been introduced to our Cantonese-speaking society.
Received pronunciation is believed to be based on the southern accent of England. However, it has a lot of features in common with the early modern English dialect of the east midlands; a mixture of London speech with elements of east midlands, middle Essex, and Essex became known as received pronunciation. At this point, it is important to note that as is characteristic of any language, received pronunciation went to a state of flux. The Cambridge English pronouncing dictionary used the term “BBC Pronunciation” because they believe that at this point, the name, “Received Pronunciation” has become archaic (Daniel Jones 2003). And that BBC News presenters no longer suggest high social class and privilege to their listeners, a particular phonetician called Jack Windsor Lewis has criticized the term “Received pronunciation” as “invidious, ridiculously archaic, parochial and question begging”.
“ As Hong Kong has been a meeting place of Chinese and Western culture since the middle of the nineteenth century….” (Pennington 146) The main reason why did English became one of the core languages in Hong Kong is because since it seemed like inseparable of Hong Kong from the British rule even though Hong Kong is already part of China. Even though the most spoken language was cantonese, the written language was English. Also the communication between the government was also spoken in English. There was too much influence in the British that help Hong Kong to be as successful as now. Speaking of language, British has also changed Hong Kong’s culture as
The history of English is not so old in Nepal. English education was formally introduced in 1853 when Prime Minister Jang Bahadur Rana visited Britain in 1850s. The total numbers of native speakers of English is 2032 and got 76th rank in total population of Nepal (CBS: 2011). It has been traced out that in Nepal the beginning of English teaching was greatly influenced by the Indian Board (Patna Board) and the Indian University (Calcutta University) before NESP was introduced. After implementation of NESP (1971-1976) Nepal depended on its own curriculum, and materials were developed locally.
The Constitutional Monarchy, His Majesty the Yang di-Pertuan Agong (the King) officially presides as the Head of the country. As a colonized country, Malaysia practices plural legal system where there is an existence of multiple legal systems which is the integration of the Customary Law, Islamic Law and Common Law. The national legal system is based mainly and predominantly on the common law tradition. When the British first came to the Malay Peninsula, to Penang in 1786, the common law and rules of equity of England were received together with British administration where common law was introduced to the Straits Settlements through Royal Charters of Justice. The implementation of common law was extended to other states in Malay Peninsula through administrative management and finally replaced the Malay-Muslim law as the basic law of the