Collaboration of staff requires communication between health care plan team, problem solving skills, implementation and intervention of a plan as a team, understanding own responsibility, along with understanding each member’s role in the team. Given health care professionals, clarification of each member’s role, is important to prevent conflicts. Pointing out each member’s role helps reduce inner team conflicts, alleviate role uncertainty, build trusting relationships and dissolve professional boundaries. Role clarification is complex. The roles of a professional in the healthcare industry depend upon a number of descriptions: scope of practice that is constantly evolving, which is the duties they perform in their practice.
On the other hand, change theory assist public health specialist to develop health interventions. It highlights various concepts that be changed into program messages and strategies which give basis for program evaluation. Examples of change theories
The first, used individual attributes, incorporates social and behavioural variables to predict utilisation behaviour. For example, the above-mentioned Rosenstock’s health-belief model, which suggests that the readiness to take health action is determined by perceived susceptibility and severity of a health problem, perceived benefits and barriers to taking action and cause which instigate appropriate behaviour, exemplifies this approach. The second approach variables derived from organisational, economic, and ecological frameworks. The concepts of service availability, coordination, accessibility, and methods of financing refer to ecological and functional relationships between economic or community resources and the recipients of services. The third approach assumes that use behaviour is a joint function of both personal attributes and organisational
a. According to Yoder-Wise (2015) complexity, formalization and centralization are characters that classifies a organization.(p. 141) All of these characteristics apply to Health care organization, but to what degree does a healthcare organization use each of these characteristics? In today 's Health Delivery organization I see a vision or movement toward shared governance. With this being said Health organization are more focused on decreasing hierarchies or complexity and using decentralization; Magnet Recognition Program is an example.
The Health Belief Model is a conceptual framework that can be used to guide health promotion and disease prevention programs. It explains changes in health-related behavior. Key elements of the Health Belief Model focus on individual beliefs about health conditions, which predict individual health-related behaviors. The Health Belief Model can be used to design short- and long-term programs. The model 's predictive ability varies depending on the ability to gauge the presence of perceived susceptibility, perceived severity, perceived benefits of action, perceived barriers to action, cues to action, and the sense of self-efficacy among the target population.
These factors are known as the Social Determinants of health. “The social determinants of health are the conditions in which people are born, grow, live, work and age, including the health system” (WHO). Dalgren & Whitehead (1991) image of the social determinants of health aims to show the relationship between the person, their environment and their health. The modifiable factors, people’s age, gender and race lie in the centre surrounded by non modifiable factors like profession, housing, education and public policy. There is a direct relationship between people’s environment and their health, e.g.
According to CDC -The social determinants of health are the environment, conditions and system in which people are born, live and work. These environments are formed by a different forces that have a direct influence on the status of health such as economics, politics, and social policies. ( Centers for Disease Control and Prevention). Many different factors have direct impact on state of health of individual, such as: diet, sex, age, smoking and alcohol use, income , environment where person live, insurance coverage and access to healthcare services ( quality ) and education level, social support, community safety. All these factors significantly contribute to well and how long we live.
Evaluate the importance of an internal environmental analysis for a health care organization. Determine three specific reasons why an internal analysis has become an important activity for healthcare organizations. Per Ginter, Duncan, & Swayne (2013), “Internal environmental analysis in sometimes accomplished by evaluating functional areas such as clinical operations. An internal environmental analysis is a path of evaluating and identifying the specific characteristics of an organization. These characteristics may include core competence, capabilities, and resources.
During this phase the plan is “action-oriented, time-specific, and multidisciplinary in nature”(CMBOK). During the implementing phase also known as care coordination, the case manager secures, organizes, and modifies the health and human services and resources that are essential to meeting the patient’s interest and needs. The following-up phase is focused on evaluating the success of the case management plan and the effect on the patients’ health condition and outcomes. Depending on the client’s health condition the transitioning phase is focused on moving the patient across the health and human services continuum. During this phase the case manager makes sure the patient and the patient’s support system is ready to be discharged to go home or to be transferred to another healthcare facility.
Regulatory compliance describes the goal that organizations aspire to achieve in their efforts to ensure that they are aware of and take steps to comply with relevant laws and regulations (Rouse, 2012). In health care, regulatory compliance is crucial to the success of a facility. It is up to the managers to ensure that the proper steps are taken to stay compliant with regulations and laws set in place for health care workers and facilities. There are several ways that managers can ensure that they are in compliance. Managers affect and can also be affected by health care policy.
There is a need to complete the implementation of EHRs as part of the meaningful use. Clinician Informaticians are needed to help this transition. Clinician Informatician is an individual, physician or a nurse who has more expertise in the field of informatics and is the person to go to with questions. They integrate their knowledge and understanding of science of their clinical specialty with their knowledge of informatics. The integration of these two disciplines Clinical and Informatics, helps informaticians to provide the best quality care by integrating people with systems, processes and information technology.
These four analytical tools are: public health surveillance, systematic reviews/evidence-based guidelines, economic evaluation, health impact assessment and participatory approaches.2 In order to compare these four analytical tools of EBPH, I would suggest that the four are all important in collecting, analyzing and interpreting data for a specific area of health. In order to do this, each analytical tool has a different path it takes to do so. Public health surveillance involves the ongoing systematic collection, analysis, and interpretation of specific health data, closely integrated with the timely dissemination of these data to those responsible for prevention and controlling disease or injury.2 Systematic reviews and evidence-based guidelines are syntheses of comprehensive collections of information on a particular topic.2 Economic evaluation provides information to help assess the relative value of alternative expenditures on public health programs and policies.2 Health Impact assessment seeks to estimate the probable impact of a policy or intervention in nonhealth sectors. Lastly, participatory approaches actively involves community members in research and intervention projects define issues of concerns, develop strategies for intervention, and evaluate the outcomes.2 Although there are specific duties that each analytical tool focuses on, there improving health, policies, interventions, and so forth are the main subjects of
In order to be a strong leader one must understand the role leaders play as well identify different traits that resemble leadership qualities within themselves. The article I reviewed was Leadership of Healthcare Professionals: Where do we stand? and it describes the different types of leadership approaches and theories that can be effective within the healthcare setting. The main objective for a leader is to adapt to change as well as be able to cope with change. Leaders are known to have strong influential skills that can affect their team or the environment that they work in.
Societal health and health problems are the resultants of the interplay of various complex factors, each of which has enormous influence on the creation of a healthy society. However, if I had to choose one of Healthy People’s overarching goals, it would be the need for the society to focus on health equity and the elimination of health disparities. Undoubtedly, the analysis of the disparities in various societies usually translates into the analysis of the social, economic and physical aspects of these communities. Race or ethnicity, sex, sexual identity, age, disability, socioeconomic status, and geographic location all contribute to an individual’s ability to achieve good health (Disparity, 2016). As history has depicted, most strategies directed at eliminating disparities and achieving health equity have been focused primarily on diseases or illnesses and on health care services.