When Winston Churchill became prime minister in 1940, the course of the war changed for the best. If it wasn’t for him, Britain wouldn’t have won the war thanks to his passionate approach to standing up to Hitler. The previous prime minister, Neville Chamberlain, did not want a war. His lack of response to Hitler lead to the Munich Agreement which allowed Hitler to occupy Czechoslovakia, beginning his expansion of the Nazi Empire. (The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica) When Churchill came into office, he was clear he wanted one thing: to win the war.
With the uprising of Germany, and the beginning of submarine warfare, the Allies used “tactical and technical innovation” (pg 62) to gain a victory against the Japanese Navy, further elaborating on Overy’s more than combat outlook. In chapter three, we see wars becoming more intense. Hitler made the decision to attack Russia over Britain because he did not want to make enemies with Britain, and with Russia he had a greater chance of the outcome ending in his favor. With the Battle of Kursk, the Russian submarine’s success became, according to Overy, “the most important single victory of the war” (pg. 96).
They turned to a problem that allowed a flood of Japanese conquests and victories that had raised in the Pacific. General George C. Marshall was the United States Army’s chief of staff. His views of the strategic problem put into a perspective of ample terms: He said that the United States should concentrate its military power on trying to make a successful lodgment on the European continent as soon as they could. During the summer of 1942 the Soviet Army seemed very desperate as Adolf Hitler’s panzer divisions were pushing on toward Stalingrad and the Caucasus. The American military believed that it would be necessary for them to invade northwestern Europe in 1942 so they could take the heat off of the Soviets.But they had a preferred date in mind it was the spring of 1943, the American ground forces would more ready for anything that would come their way, they trained and equipped to fight the Wehrmacht on the European continent.
Hiroshima, the bomb named after the city that was demolished by the United States during the final stages of world war two. Harry S. Truman, former president of the United States of America, was in peace negotiations with the United Kingdom, China, and Japan trying to end World War II. “The Potsdam Declaration which called for Japan’s immediate surrender and peace terms was rejected by Japan ”. “Secretary of War Henry L. Stimson felt that it was appropriate to use the United States’ new atomic bomb to end the war quickly and secure the US’s dominant place in the world ”. Whether or not, the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki were justified remains in debate up to today.
Britain, in fact, lost the war more than the Americans won it. With the best navy in the world, a better trained militia, and abundance of wealth, weapons, and supplies, it was Britain 's war to lose. When it came to the best navy in the world, it was no contest, the British ruled the seas. The British navy was feared throughout the world, they rarely lost battles. It protected Britain with great success.
The first reason being the pressure from Eisenhower’s superior in the United States to coordinate and send off a team of highly trained paratroopers. “Then, Montgomery had long been advising Eisenhower on the folly of a broad-front strategy, for that many military leaders in history had lost their hard-earned initiative by failing to concentrate their forces. This would allow Montgomery to launch his assault on the industrial heartland of Germany and end the war by Christmas.” (Greenarce 284) General Dwight D Eisenhower was the commander of the operation which would take over the land campaign from
Churchill says, “If we can stand up to [Hitler], all Europe may be free and the life of the world may move forward into broad, sunlit uplands. But if we fail, then the whole world, including the United States, including all that we have known and cared for, will sink into the abyss of a new Dark Age made more sinister, and perhaps more protracted, by the lights of perverted science.” The tone of the first sentence is extremely uplifting, but the tone turns much darker in the second part when Churchill warns against the consequences of losing. It is also important to notice that Churchill uses the word we in his speech many times, rather than they or you. This word choice helps establish his theme of unity. There are many places where this great speaker uses ethos, pathos, and logos.
He uses his feelings of anger and patriotism to portray how Germany would not take control over Britain. He mentions how mightier places such as “Europe and many old and famous States have fallen” to the Nazis, but he also believes that Britain “shall not flag or fail,” (Churchill). He shows his dominance in order to make the citizens feel safe and empowered. This outpouring emotion from the prime minister towards the audience, keeps them enticed during his speech. Churchill closes his speech by emphasizing that the British can go anywhere in the world to fight in a war, and win.
Not every person who declaims a speech is the best public speaker. For thousands of years, the oration has known where the political leaders have used to address their countries’ citizens, and Winston Churchill, who was the sharp Prime Minister of the Great Britain through his famous speech “The Finest Hour1,” became the model for speeches in the modern policy. His speech “Their Finest Hour” was apparent and describes the phases that the Great Britain passed during the World War II from the weakness in front of the Nazi Germany with Adolph Hitler to adjust the progress of the battles and achieve the desired victory. Moreover, he succeeded in stopping the attacks in the British cities, especially London to the shore and the sea cooperating with
Imagine being given the responsibility of addressing a nation, that does not at all want anything to do with directly joining the war, during the midst of the Second World War. This was the task given to Franklin D. Roosevelt on December 29, 1940. The American people wanted to stay as far away from war as possible but as the Nazis were moving in on Britain, Roosevelt realized that if Americans didn’t want to join the war, they could still help and he had some major convincing to do. Britain was at war and losing against the more powerful Nazi Germany, the Axis powers were trying to manipulate people into believing that what they were doing was strictly for protection purposes and their intentions were nothing but good. Truthfully the Nazis
With this in mind, they would have continued to drag out the war, which shows that dropping the bombs sped up the war which lessened the casualties. Jane Runyon stated that “some civilian leaders even declared the bombs a good thing”. These leaders concluded that if the war continued without the bombs at least a million
Hitler agreed, but continually disregarded them violating and denouncing the Treaty of Versailles, which ended World War I. Germany signed treaties with Japan and Italy to help them take over the world. Hitler then invaded Poland infuriating France and Great Britain and making them declare war on Nazi Germany and their allies. What effect did the Second World War have on American society? World War II like World War
The “Big four” (Germany, Britain, France, and Italy) Met at Munich with Germany to work out an agreement so that those nations are not brought into the war. Instead of defending themselves and standing up to Germany and Italy, they used the strategy of Appeasement. Although this decision was made by Chamberlin to use appeasement (Document 5), Winston Churchill didn’t agree with Chamberlin. Winston believed *“that keeping peace depends on holding back the aggressor.” (Document 6) Following this quote Churchill gave a Parliamentary speech: *“[…] I asked that Britain, together with France and other powers guarantee the security of Czechoslovakia. […] In time Czechoslovakia will be swallowed by the Nazi regime […].” (Document 6) Winston knew that even if the nations tried to appease Hitler, The Nazi regime would still take control.
The invasion of Europe to defeat the German Army had begun. America was successful in battles against German forces and would continue to push forward towards Germany. The German Commander, Adolph Hitler, did not anticipate the Allied forces being able to push the German Army back so quickly. Slowly but surely, the Allied forces were pushing back the German Army which was making the German commander very frustrated. Hitler knew he would need to come up with a plan to push back or split Allied forces.