Superheroes are known from comic books and movies. There’s that science fiction that a person can turn into a superhero from a bite from a radioactive spider, or from being dropped in a vat of toxic waste. In real life, there are people born with “superpowers” thanks to modern technology.
There are different methods for people to obtain “superhuman” powers. Through gene mutation, gene therapy, and medication. Gene mutations occur when there are two different mutations in both parents. They both had some kind of gene mutation that combined and was passed down to their child, and that caused the “superhuman” power. Other modifications like the CRISPR/Cas9 method, which uses “molecular scissors” that target one genotype. Gene therapy is when the …show more content…
Two alleles, one from each parent, creates the mutation that leads to an increase in speed. ACTN3 works with actin filaments to coordinate muscle contractions found in fast twitching muscles. There are two variants of the gene. The R variant and the X variant. You get one of each variant from your parents. However you need a XX or RR to get the benefits of this mutation. The R variant controls the production of ACTN3, which creates faster muscle contractions. This helps runners become more explosive when sprinting. The X variant stop the production of ACTN3 and produces more ACTN2. This protein is better suited for endurance runners because it allows muscles to last …show more content…
Implications concerning are of long-term, religion, economic, and ethical. Long-term effects are “improving” the human bloodline. Mutated genes or “superpowers” can be passed down to newer generations. Social implications like religion is always a factor. Some religions believe that mutations are a “violation of god’s laws” and that doctors are playing god. Economical implications, which is deciding who gets to control the superhuman genes and how much a person gets. Some military can order soldiers to take certain drugs to enhance their abilities for their work in the army. Soldiers don’t always give consent to take the drugs or gene therapy, and some become addicted and misuse the drugs. There could also be some errors in trying to change DNA. It’s also another step towards “designer babies,” which is the genetic modification of human embryo. Somewhere in the future, we’ll be able to change certain characteristics in our future children. We’ll be able to change eye color, hair color, height, and maybe intelligence level.
Pros for superhumans is that the mutations can enhance cosmetics and athleticism and can also prevent diseases. Superhuman powers can evolve to grow immunity to certain illnesses. Cons for superhumans is that it can endanger people’s safety and well-being if they decide to go along with genetic mutation or gene therapy.
In conclusion, we believe that superhumans are an advancement in science. Superhumans can help science create new drugs to make other
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“Being a hero doesn’t mean you're invincible, it just means that you're brave enough to stand up and do what's needed, “says a sagacious man named Rick Riordan . Often times you see heroes on television who have super strength of flying powers, but heroes come in many different forms of people. Irena Sendler for example, was a great hero. Not many people know the name of Irena Sendler, she had done something big that impacted and saved the lives of many jews. Some heroes may be fictional as well.
Throughout time, the meaning of the word “hero” has changed throughout the world. Everyone has their own perspective of what qualities and characteristics “heroes” should have. In today’s modern world, we hear the word “hero” used constantly in tabloids, on the news, or in plain conversation. What exactly is a hero? Who, or what, can be classified as heroic?
Do you believe that we should change human DNA and genes to make “better” people? I think that the answer really depends on what you are changing or trying to make better about a person. If the person has a genetic deformity, then the answer would be yes. You should try to help that person to be “better”. If we are talking about a person who is normal, that wants to be better at a sport or a talent then the answer would be no.
While, cloning is taking the same DNA and replicating it to make an identical copy of that same DNA. Although many people may think genetic enhancement and cloning is a dangerous idea and corrodes the prevailing moral order because it goes against religious beliefs, the advancements may go too far, and there are risk factors. Genetic enhancement and cloning is a good impact on society because it helps food supply, cures inherited diseases, solves infertility, and there is a potential to live longer. Imagine a world without diseases, infertility, and bad genes, that is what genetic enhancement
Finally, genetic modifying can allow people to live longer. You may think that this is good that people would live longer, but there some negative aspects to this. Life would be very boring of course, but more importantly, overpopulation would happen and humans would be in competition with one another since everything would now be limited. While some aspects of genetic engineering should appealing, they all most likely have a dark secret hiding within
If we were able to make our children smarter, better looking, or more athletic, should we? Amy Sterling Casil had that exact scenario in mind when she wrote her short story, Perfect Stranger in 2006. Written in the first-person narrative that takes place in the distant future, Casil weaves a terrifying story of genetic alteration to “fix” our children’s flaws. What harm can it cause if gene therapy is performed as an elective procedure rather than medical necessity? Gary and Carolyn, expecting parents, find out their little boy will need gene therapy while still in the womb if they hope to spare him from a fatal heart condition.
This procedure’s purpose is to switch out genes for more preferred ones, especially to improve the health of the child. Genetic engineering could permit selection of desired physical and pleasurable traits for non-medical reasons, which has created concern in some people. The process of switching out the genes of a fetus to install genes that are more preferred has brought up debate about whether or not parents should be able to alter their babies genes to make them more appealing to the parents interests. There are many different ways of looking at this procedure and in contrast to other scientific procedures it can be for greater good or for unnecessary enhancement that could potentially create problems in society. Designer babies aren’t morally correct or incorrect, but are in between depending on what it is being used for.
The researchers then combine the broken gene with a healthy gene. This new healthy gene is now modified and free from the mutation it had before. Although many individuals’ ethics and morals stand in the way of gene editing, this technology affects society in many different
Therefore, if two parents are carriers of a certain gene that will disable their child, they can modify that gene to make a child that will not have that disability. As well as some parents will have designer babies to save another child they already have with a certain disease. In this method, parents will choose their child’s blood type and such in order for them to match that other diseased child and potentially give them their blood, marrow, and even organs. Genetically modifying a child’s chance of disease ensures that a child may live a life without potential disease and disability that they may have been more prone to had their parents’ not used this method. This also ensures a healthy life for a child that had a greater potential of having a medical condition due to their parents being carriers of that particular gene.
Fukuyama brings up topics that can be split into two categories: risks and benefits of genetic engineering along with the affordability of genetic engineering. Considering scientists aren’t entirely sure how genes work, they bring about several ills they wouldn’t be aware of, whether they be immediate ills or ills that show up much later (Fukuyama, 678). Genetic Engineering could have horrific effects on a population which could lead to the abandoning of genetic modification, just like in the way that hydroelectricity is no longer used as much because of the potential of dam breaks or environmental effects (Fukuyama, 680). There is also a possibility that only the rich will have access to this technology, so the state would possibly have to intervene to fix this inequality (Fukuyama, 680). Fukuyama concludes his writing by posing the fact that no matter what happens with genetic engineering, genetic engineering will change the course of human history on several levels, and on levels greater than that of any human biotechnology (Fukuyama, 681).
There has been much debate over altering D.N.A in the next generation of citizens. Many people are disagreeing over the ethics involved with gene editing. Using fairly new technology, Crispr-Cas 9, scientist can now alter D.N.A to eliminate some life threatening diseases and mutations by cutting out unhealthy strands of D.N.A, and replacing it with new ones. More controversially, scientist now have the power to change external appearance and character traits of babies, also know as “designer babies.” Genetic engineering should only be used in most dire situations, only to cure life threatening diseases.
Mutation in children is not uncommon and it has caused many children to be robbed of the chances that healthy children are born with. A parent blessed with the gift of a healthy child wouldn’t be able to understand the relief genetic engineering would be able to bring to parents of children born with haemophilia, cystic fibrosis, or muscular dystrophy. Not only would choosing the best traits in an organism be good for humans, but for animals and plants. As previously mentioned, plants would benefit in the sense that they will be able to get immunity to pests and their own types of diseases. Animals would be able to make their prime state by modifying their DNA.
Gene editing is the alteration of a person’s genetic material to delete undesirable traits or to create desirable new ones. Scientists can identify a defective DNA strand to be cut out and changed, then they use a protein that acts like scissors to cut out the improper gene and cells, then a healthy strand of DNA is inserted at the cut site and enzymes repair it (Crow). The goal of gene editing is to treat genetic disorders. Gene editing could potentially decrease or even
society's beliefs, regulations, and restrictions. There are heroes for both men and women of all ages. Every society has their own heroes, whether they are heroes because of their wealth, political career, war triumphs, athletic achievements or social leads. Benjamin Disraeli once said: “To believe in the heroic makes heroes”. Any individual can turn into a hero by saving someone in danger, giving up his or her life so someone else could live.