As WHO defines, Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social wellbeing and not merely the absence of disease. Health is the most important factor in national development. Through this definition World Health Organization has helped to move health thinking beyond a limited, medicine and pathology based perspective to the more positive domain of well -being. The right to health is one of the basic rights of human beings. Right to health is a vital right without which no one can exercise one’s basic human rights.
Nevertheless, public health communication still plays a prominent role in the prevention of diseases. As one of their tasks, the government is concerned with the improvement of overall health outcomes and is doing so by encouraging both a healthy lifestyle and
The NHI plans to re-engineer the health system to improve the accessibility and quality of health care services for all citizens in addition to providing financial risk protection against health related cost which can be ruinous to the individual. (Baleta, 2012: 1185 & Matsoso, & Fryatt, 2013: 156). This will ensure that health care services are accessible to all based on their need and not on their capability to pay. (Keeton, 2010: 804). Furthermore there is focused on health promotion and prevention at a household and community level.
INTRODUCTION This contextual project consist of 10 concept from module entitled Health assessment block 4 BSN01 I will describe each of the concept in terms of meaning, critically analyzed for its real life application and will be followed by some references of the current research evidence, real life application will be explore, a possible relationship of the concept with personal social or professional life CONCEPT 1: CONCEPT OF HEALTH This concept is taken from module 1.1entitled introduction to health assessment concept ` According to World Health Organization health is a complete physical mental and social well-being of an individual and not merely in absence of diseases It is normal physiologic state of all part of the body performing their normal functions no effectively It is also a complete way of well-being, which include sound body, mind and spirit functions Health assessment is a way of data collection of an individual concerning its state of health being It is collection of a comprehensive history of an individual including subjective [history’s by patient] and objective [which is nurses observation] It include collection of family, social, past medical, present medical, any history of previous surgical intervention, blood transfusion, immunization history of an individual so as to
Contextual Project on Public Health Management 1. Concept of Public Health nursing Public Health Nursing is the science and art preventing disease, prolonging life, and promoting physical and mental health and efficiency through organized community effort toward a sanitary environment (Basavantappa 2008). Public health nurse deals with health promotion and prevention by identifying risk population and initiate ways of prevent such identity risk. Broadly public health nursing covers the care of an individual’s families and community as a whole in terms of epidemiology and policies for healthy action. Health is not static is dynamic therefore human being has to adjust to their environment.
The public health nurse must assess the individual and provide appropriate care such as incontinence wear or catheter care. Bowel dysfunction may occur in the form of constipation or bowel frequency. Personal hygiene needs must be promoted. The public health nurse may need to liaise with the health care workers or the individual’s main carer. A referral to dietician may be beneficial to discuss high fibre diet and fluid intake.
The Health Belief Model (HBM) was the first theory that was exclusively related to the field of health-related behaviour’s. It is an effective framework that can be utilised when developing health education strategies, guide health promotion and the prevention of diseases programs (Gottwald and Goodman-Brown 2012). HBM key elements focus on motivating people to take positive health actions that uses the desire to avoid a negative health consequence as the prime motivation (Ottawa charter for health promotion
It focuses on the number of people exposed, and the potential for spread within the community to enable implementation of appropriate actions to prevent additional cases or recurrences of the disease. (Brownson, 2011) Application - Epidemiology provides useful scientific basis for prevention of diseases and injury and the promotion of health. (Soph.uab.edu, 2016) Roles of epidemiology Epidemiology is considered a tool for collecting data that enable public health surveillance, disease investigation, analytic studies and program evaluation. Public Health Surveillance Public health surveillance is essential for rapid detection investigation and identification of disease outbreaks. The common source of surveillance data is reports of disease cases received from health-care providers and from communities.
The authors emphasize that a diabetes patient must know how to recognize the complications that usually arise from the disease and how to respond to those problems adequately and efficiently. Accordingly, the discussion articulates a model of education, the therapeutic patient education (TPE) as an increasingly fundamental approach adopted not only in the management but also the prevention of diabetes. The researchers emphasize that various trials vindicate the suitability of the model by registering improvements in lifestyle, clinical, and psychosocial effects. Nonetheless, the authors highlight the lack of clarity in the ideal attributes of a comprehensive education program and insist on the need for further research to determine the perfect application of the education model. Hence, this article's relevance is providing context by explaining the place of education in the diabetes management spectrum and proposes a suitable model for the implementation of education programs.
Only through a deeper understanding of the intricate factors shaping behavioural practices can health promotion programmes and or interventions successfully be introduced into the realities of the people’s lives to bring about changes in health behaviour. Behaviour change theories and models such as the Health Belief Model (HBM), Theory of Reasoned Action (TRA), Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB), and the Transtheoretical Model have been widely applied in public health in an attempt to explain or predict health seeking behaviours. Their use enables identification and understanding of people’s health-seeking behaviour beyond their knowledge, attitudes and practices. HBM is a health specific behavioural cognitive model The model is based on the idea that people are more likely to change their behaviour and adhere to treatments if: (i) they perceive that they are at risk of contracting the disease (perceived susceptibility), (ii) they perceive the disease might have an unfavourable outcome (perceived severity), (iii) they perceive the proposed health behaviour to be both effective and practical (perceived benefits), (iv)they perceive the barriers to adopting the behaviour to be minimal (perceived barriers),(v) they perceive themselves to have the ability of applying and practicing the specific behaviour proposed
I personally feel that Healthy People 2020 influences health by supporting their prevention and promotion areas with evidence based practice information. This alone supports their statistics and how well the nation is doing based off the information they have provided to the world. •
Please respond to the following: "Marketing Management Tools" Based on your review of the Learnscape scenario titled “Learnscape 2: Patient Engagement”, analyze the benefits afforded to health care marketers that understand the importance of establishing core values that guide health care organizations in their strategic and tactical pursuits. Determine whether you believe the relationship between core values should stay the same over time or should change over time. Provide one (1) example of such a relationship between core values to support your rationale. Establishing of core values is very critical for any healthcare organization, because core values support the healthcare organization’s long term vision, core values help in shaping organizational
1. In your own words, briefly, define “Meaningful Use”, “ARRA” and “HITECH ACT” as they relate to healthcare information technology (1 -2 sentence for each term). - Meaning Use: it is the way in which EHR is use to help improve the quality, safety, efficiency, in the health care profession. It also help provide privacy and security for patient health record. Meaning Use overall helps improve the health care outcomes (Health It, n.d).
Societal health and health problems are the resultants of the interplay of various complex factors, each of which has enormous influence on the creation of a healthy society. However, if I had to choose one of Healthy People’s overarching goals, it would be the need for the society to focus on health equity and the elimination of health disparities. Undoubtedly, the analysis of the disparities in various societies usually translates into the analysis of the social, economic and physical aspects of these communities. Race or ethnicity, sex, sexual identity, age, disability, socioeconomic status, and geographic location all contribute to an individual’s ability to achieve good health (Disparity, 2016). As history has depicted, most strategies directed at eliminating disparities and achieving health equity have been focused primarily on diseases or illnesses and on health care services.
The Health Belief Model (HBM; Becker & Maiman, 1975) and the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB; Ajzen, 1991) has been widely utilized to understand and predict health behavior so as to promote positive health behavior (Brewer & Fazekas, 2007; Haousenblas & Dwns, 2005; Gerend & Shepherd, 2012). The key constructs of the HBM include perceived susceptibility, perceived severity, perceived benefits, perceived barriers, and cues to action (Brewer & Fazekas, 2007). An intention considered as an antecedent predictor of action plays the most important role in the TPB (Ajzen, 1991). Other components, including attitudes toward behavior, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control are directly connected to intention but indirectly affect health behavior (Ajzen, 1991). Comparing abilities of two theories on predicting the HPV vaccine acceptance, it might navigate an educator to develop a better intervention program promoting the HPV vaccine uptake among aged 20 to 24 years female