Improving skill in English grammar will not only help people to create their sentences correctly but will also make it easier for them to develop their communication skills in both written and spoken English. According to the Cambridge Advanced Learners Dictionary first edition (2003), grammar is defined as the use of the rules on how words transform to create new sentences. Grammar, as a set of rules for choosing words and putting words together to make sense, plays a significant role in teaching English as a language because without grammar, there is no language. Also, it is difficult
Traditional methodologists state that knowledge of grammatical rules is essential for the mastery of language, favouring rule based grammar learning where theory and accuracy are most important. Whereas currently a more communicative approach seems to gain more popularity, where communication and fluency are key in learning. Many studies therefore have been done to measure the effect of different teaching methods.
Phonology is very important in the role of an English as a Second Language (ESL) teacher because having extended knowledge on the pronunciations of my native language can help me to better assist non-native speakers in theirs. It will allow me to better guide others in improving their speech skills which can positively impact their reading and writing skills. Teaching phonology can be difficult because the English language will not have the same number of phonemes as any given student’s L1. However, Pinker points out that this does not really matter, because in speech, we often do not hear the phonemes, rather we focus on the abstract units of language underlying the sounds that we hear (Pinker 191). He also goes into detail about how the sounds that we hear combine
Regarding the importance of vocabulary in communication, Rubin and Thompson (1994) maintain that one cannot speak, understand, read or write a foreign language without knowing a lot of words. When learners possess a good command of words, they know how to utilize them appropriately in a foreign language. Della and Hocking (1992) emphasize the importance of vocabulary in communication, stating that it needs a good knowledge of vocabulary to understand and convey their meaning but just a little grammar. Also, good knowledge of vocabulary provides learners with enough confidence and success in communication. It has been suggested that teaching vocabulary should not only consist of teaching specific words but also aim at equipping learners with strategies necessary to expand their vocabulary knowledge (Nunan, 2010; Willis, 2012).
According to Campillo (2004), corrective feedback is significant to L2 development since it provides the learner with an opportunity to reflect on the utterance and consider other possibilities. These benefits of corrective feedback are also applicable to the foreign language context in the sense that they may trigger the cognitive process required for acquisition. Ur (1996, p. 242) considered feedback as "information that is given to the learner about his or her performance of a learning task, usually with the objective of improving this performance". Richards et al. (1992, p. 137) perceive feedback as "information which provides a report on the result of behavior".
Abstract The present research reports on the importance and use of interactive materials in the teaching of English. Learners are expected to have a desired knowledge of English while entering the college. Advertisements are easily available and accessible materials which can be exploited for language teaching. They can be used in teaching the basic communication skills – LSRW along with a special focus on grammar and vocabulary. The present report records the use of matrimony ads used as a material to enhance the communication skills of the learners.
while without grammar very little can be conveyed, without vocabulary nothing can be conveyed” (pp. 111–112). This is a fact which is absolutely obvious in L2 learners’ experience with different languages, even without grammar, with some useful words and expressions, one can often manage to communicate. Lewis (1993) went further to argue, “Lexis is the core or heart of language” (p. 89). Particularly as students develop greater fluency and expression in English, it is significant for them to acquire more productive vocabulary knowledge and to develop their own personal vocabulary learning strategies.
1.2. Review of Literature The concepts of parts of speech workshop and cooperative learning have drawn the researcher’s attention to provide the related literature to clarify the necessary concepts .Also, in this section the background of experimental researches of using cooperative learning in various language learning domains, especially grammar from the old to the recent studies are listed and elaborated. 1.2.1 Theoretical Background 188.8.131.52 The importance of grammar (Parts of speech) According Khansir and Pakdel (2016) the value of grammar teaching is important in English language teaching field. Grammar is the base of English language. It is not acquired naturally, but learning, it needs be instructed. Grammar operates
1.4 Significance of the Study The findings of the study will import the benefit of EFL teachers considering that complex sentence comprehension plays an important role in grasping the meaning and interpreting the text reading. The results of the study will be also useful to EFL teachers in providing teaching process to help their students improve linguistic competence in acquiring dependent clauses so that students will correctly comprehend and interpret complex sentence in text reading. 1.5 Scope and Delimitation This study is focus on acquiring full and reduced forms of dependent clauses; adverb clause, adjective or relative clause, and noun clause by applying explicit and implicit instruction. Moreover, the study is confined to comparing the significant difference of the effect on applying explicit and implicit instruction. This study is limited to 80 12th-grade students both male and female during the second semester of the academic year 2015 at Suraphinphitthaya School.
Besides reading and writing, grammar also help in speaking as someone will know the rules of grammar he/she can easily think sentence while talking to others. Now there are very good activity books of grammar that are being taught in private schools and through activity base learning, students take much interest to learn the grammar rules in class. They like to work in pairs and groups to show their interest towards grammar. Teachers can also design meaningful tasks for teaching grammar to make the lesson more easy and interesting for the learners. In spite of these theories, nobody can deny the role of grammar in learning language.