Thank you for contacting me about Sanctuary Cities. I appreciate knowing your thoughts on this issue. The concept of sanctuary cities received widespread public attention when Juan Francisco Lopez-Sanchez, an undocumented immigrant and repeat drug offender, murdered Kathryn Steinle in San Francisco. Currently, an estimated 340 cities across the country permit illegal immigrants to stay in the United States without the possibility of being arrested or deported back to their home country.
It’s said that we should not criminalize the undocumented immigrants. The Migration Policy Institute has estimated that 820,000 of the 11 million unauthorized have been convicted of a crime. About 300,000, of the 11 million undocumented, have committed felonies. Compared to the proportion of felons in the overall population, the ratio is only a half (3 percent) (Nazgol Ghandnoosh 2017). Though the undocumented immigrants may not be the criminal themselves, it still arouses serious social disorder through forming intricate environment.
According to a study released last year by the Pew Hispanic Center, as of 2008, 11.9 million illegal immigrants lived in the United States, more than triple the 3.5 million who lived in the country in 1990 (Izumi). Immigration throughout the years has become a major issue in the U.S because of too many immigrants entering the country year after year. The U.S has come to a point whether they should deport the immigrants back to their country. Believe it or not, these immigrants are a big contribution to the U.S. If it wasn’t for them, the U.S economy wouldn’t be where it stands now.
Immigration has always been a major part of American history. Each year, hundreds of thousands of people travel to the United States in search of a better life. Of the 1.49 million immigrants who traveled to the United States in 2016, 150,400 immigrants were from Mexico. There have also been many people from Mexico who have immigrated illegally to America, with 5.6 million Mexican unauthorized immigrants living in the U.S. in 2015 and 2016. The large scale of immigration, both legal and illegal, has brought up issues such as national security and the U.S. economy.
As of 2014, there were 11,000,000 illegal immigrants residing in the United States. Since most of these people are adults and have children they need to drive to get to their destination. They do not have the ability to obtain a drivers license because they are or were undocumented. Then again so were our Founding Fathers. Most people think that they don’t deserve the right to a drivers license because that would just cause more danger to them.
Legalizing “Illegal Immigrants” in America There is a controversial debate and emotionally driven argument about “illegal immigrants” being legalized in America. There is a common misconception of what an illegal or legal immigrant is, many people believe that it’s an easy process and that the government grants a visa at no cost and that the immigrant is able to potentially work their way to becoming a resident or a citizen. The alarming truth is that the process is much more difficult than many Americans can understand and with the laws and regulations that are being enforced by the government gives some immigrants no other choice but to enter the United States illegally.
“Nearly 15 years after the worst terrorist attack in U.S. history, the government admits that more than half a million foreigners with expired visas—like the 9/11 jihadists—remain in the country and thousands are from terrorist nations like Pakistan, Iraq, Yemen, Libya and Syria”(Retrieved from www.judicialwatch.org) (Judicial Watch, 2016). Government has to enforce immigration law and construct a useful plan to determine overstayed visa before they become a threat such as Arizona and Texas, the police can stop people and ask them their identity to determine if they are here legally. What happens in September 11th was a good example of unacceptable behavior due to unknown terrorists attack the twin center which cost the government billion of dollars to clean up the mess and rebuild a new building as well, beside the compensation for people who were affected emotionally and by the chemical substance. Therefore, the government spends a fortune to detect and punished who’s responsible for this tragedy.
US immigration laws include immigration paperwork violations. These paperwork violations consist of illegal entry, visa overstay, and border crossing card violation. Illegal entry is when non-nationals enter the US without inspection or authorization from government officials, which is apart of the Immigration and Nationality Act. The Immigration and Nationality Act stops illegal aliens from entering or trying to enter the US at any time or place that isn’t a selected area by an immigration officer, it also stops illegal immigrants from avoiding inspection by immigration officers. Visa overstay is when someone with a Visa overstays their allotted time in the country.
In 2010, Arizona S.B. 1070 was an anti-illegal immigration law that was passed to focus on identifying, prosecuting, and deporting undocumented immigrants. Arizona’s law enforcement officials could detain anyone who was suspected of living in the country illegally. The law also made it a state misdemeanor crime to for an alien to not carry registration papers and people in the country illegally to solicit work. But, Arizona S.B. 1070 was charged with violating the federal Supremacy Clause by enacting its own immigration enforcement laws instead of following federal regulations; violating the Equal Protection Clause of the 14th Amendment by denying minorities their equal protection of the laws; violating the 1st Amendment by scrutinizing minorities
America is currently home to over 11 million illegal immigrants, most of which occupy farm worker positions. Some experts argue that immigrants are taking jobs away from Americans and that they are potentially going to cost America trillions. Others experts have claimed that illegal immigrants have proven to be vital to the economy of America. Illegal immigrants substantially benefit the United States’ economy because they occupy a large sum of our labor force while providing money to agriculturally dependent businesses.
Throughout the history of the United States, immigration has and continues to be an issue that is present today. Undocumented immigrants face many hardships living in our country with limited access to attain a lifestyle as any other American. These limitations affect undocumented immigrants in their daily lives and they face downward social mobility. In the workplace along with anywhere else, immigrants face fear of deportation and exploitation due to their ‘illegal’ immigration status, therefore they remain living in the shadows and in extreme distress. If opportunities such as a work permit was granted to immigrants, their chances of succeeding in the labor market would be rewarding.
Once immigrants leave our country we will have more opportunities of better wages and newer jobs. Most immigrants threaten our safety. Most of all, American culture is worth preserving. I believe that United States should have a tough immigration policy. First of all, immigrants have a higher chance for a better job because of a green card they might have.
The state of Immigration in the United States has effected the way that citizens interact with their governmental system. In the eyes of the majority, Immigration has put a huge strain on local economies, in the process of draining the Federal Reserve’s due to new immigration laws and reformations. While they are not completely right, they are also not completely wrong. In 2010, there were 39.9 million foreign born people in the United States; Forty four percent were naturalized citizens, 24 percent were legal permanent residents, 29 percent were unauthorized migrants and 3 percent were temporary legal residents (such as students or temporary workers) (Federation for American Reform 2013).
Illegal Immigration is a huge debate in America. What should America do with the illegal immigrants? Many believe that America should deport the illegal immigrants back to their homeland. They believe that America should do this because they are taking American jobs, costing American taxpayers, and smuggling illegal drugs into America.