Selfridges, also known as Selfridge & Co., is located in the United Kingdom and well-known and unique because of its history and how it currently operates. Selfridges was established by Harry Gordon Selfridge on 15 March 1909. It is a chain of high-end department stores whose flagship store on London’s Oxford Street is the second largest shop in the UK. Since 2003, Selfridges has been under the ownership of Galen Weston and has its stores at Oxford Street in London, in Birmingham and at Trafford and Exchange Square in Manchester. Selfridges won the Best Department Store in the World at the Global Department Store Summits in 2010, 2012 and 2014 (Selfridges, 2015a,b).
(P2.2) It is important that Nordstrom knows in what environment they work in when launching a new store therefore, an environmental audit gives an idea and figure in which the company operates or work. This can be done by a PESTLE analysis.
My PESTEL analysis for this piece of writing is based on the famous international lingerie
A PESTLE analysis is basically a framework that categorizes environmental influences as Political, fiscal, Social and Technological forces. The analysis examines the impact of each of these explanations (and their interplay with every different) on the business. Philip Kotler claims that PESTLE evaluation is a useful strategic tool for understanding market progress or decline, business position, advantage and path for operations.
The use of modern technology by the airline manufacturers can contribute significantly to the growth of the
It works through the different segments of the full scale environment and prompts the organization to look at the particular ranges in depth. PEST stands for Political, Economic, Social and Technological. PEST is useful tools to the organizations because it can help the organizations to determine the opportunities that the organizations have and inform the organizations about the threats that it face. It helps the organization to characterize the way the business is formed, so the organization could change
Porter states that whenever a new entrant enters an industry, they put pressure on prices, costs, and the rate of investment necessary to compete for companies already within that industry. This in turn “puts a cap on the profit potential of an industry.” (Porter, 2008) Porter also points out that there are seven barriers which new entrants much look at. The first barrier is the supply side economies of scale. “Supply-side scale economies deter entry by forcing the aspiring entrant either to come into the industry on a large scale, which requires dislodging entrenched competitors, or to accept a cost disadvantage.” (Porter, 2008, p. 81) The second barrier is the demand-side benefits of scale. “Demand-side benefits of scale discourage entry by limiting the willingness of customers to buy from a newcomer and by reducing the price the newcomer can command until it builds up a large base of customers” (Porter, 2008, p. 81) The third barrier is the customer switching cost which are “fixed costs that buyers face when they change suppliers”. (Porter, 2008, p. 81) The fourth barrier is the Capital requirements. Many industries require large financial resources in order to compete such as the airline industry which would require billions to invest in. The fifth barrier is the Incumbency advantages independent of size. Porter believes that certain companies can have certain advantages over their rivals which are
Forever 21 is a clothing brand that is based in many countries. Most people would be very familiar with the brand as it caters to them in terms of a fashion retailer. The country that will be in this report would be in Singapore and the purpose of the report is to perform an environmental analysis on a company. The structure would be an introduction, followed by company background, country background, PESTEL analysis, porter’s 5 forces, strategic recommendations and conclusion.
Mercedes Benz is a globally known brand, originated in Germany. Benz is specialized in automobiles like cars, buses, trucks, etc.
Customers are loyal and have also realized that there is no substitute brands when it comes to fashion
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is observed as the leader of the Muslim world, as it is the home town of Mecca. The government is committed to supporting the economic growth and to be part of the developed nations, which is very challenging to achieve since fundamentalist Muslims turn down the idea of globalization which could be seen as a political risk on the jurisdiction. While on the other hand, this political situation has affected the restaurant business positively because the restaurant industry has not been affected and still remains as a form of a social gathering among people.
For instance, the world population is aging (OECD, 2013a), therefore, changes in demographic may be dangerous to solely teenage-oriented apparel firms based on the fact that competition for that segment is gradually diminishing (e.g. Coneen by design ltd). Nevertheless, these could be an opportunity for open and more flexible existing fashion retailers. Nowadays, customers are demanding for convenient shopping experience due to limited time in accessing or going to the market in person. Therefore, fashion or clothing firms with quality and easy to navigate web page will attract more customer (Chaturvedi, Martich, Ruwadi & Ulker, 2013). Furthermore, it is noted that customers, particularly from developed nations like UK, France and Italy are more and more concerned about their health and the report on individual health expenditure over the last decade by OECD (2011) has confirmed that. The report shows that customers are becoming more inquisitive in the type, nature, origin and the processing method of materials in which, apparel and clothing firms uses in producing their product. Thus, demanding for transparency and accountability. Consequently, many customers have gone green and they are persistently advocating for sustainable and ethical activities of firms (Johansson, 2010; Pookulangara
Francis Aguilar (1967) is the first known reference to the origin of the PESTEL analysis. In his study known as Scanning the Business Environment, he studied the environmental factors that affect business environment and come up with the first acronym ‘ETPS’ which meant the Economic, Technical, Political and social factors (Aguilar, 1967). Later Arnold Brown (1967) focused on the study and came up with a new perspective towards the study of social-technical, economic, political, and ecological (STEPE) factors. In 1980, Porter among other authors scanned the business environment and came up with the current acronym PESTEL meaning political, economic, social, technological, legal, and environmental factors (FME, 2013). According to Collins (1997),
The high capital cost required for investing in developing distribution, sales network and acquiring production equipment could deter new entrants. The barriers are high when capital is necessary for unrecoverable expenditures such as marketing and product development capability which is difficult for new entrants to succeed in the short-term (Euromonitor, 2014; Porter, 2008, p.81).
Brand image is the variable which enforce a consumer for finding difference between brand and its competitors. Brand image consist of expectations, impressions and beliefs that a person holds about brand. The overall perception of consumer about quality and service can be created by brand image. Brand image is nothing but organization character. Brand image may create by good experience or sometime by observation. A positive brand image is created when a person is associated with a specific brand and recommend that brand to others. Brand image is one of the most powerful aspects that establish the reputation of a specific brand in the marketplace. Without a positive and strong Brand Image, companies cannot