Truancy Theory

1375 Words6 Pages
Abstract
The problem of “Truancy” is increasingly common in Hong Kong and is an issue of arousing the general public’s concern to students ' behavior, for example Truancy, students who usually run away from school, attributing to the current Hong Kong Educational System. According to the reciprocal determinism of the social cognitive theory suggested by Bandura (1977), a person’s behavior is the result of the interaction between personal factors and environmental factors, resulting in a student who run away from school, are generated by the in interaction of several factors (Bandura, 1977). There are many factors cause them have lower learning motivation, for example personal factors, family factors, peers factors, school factors and social
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They mostly run away from school in order to avoid punishment or failure and seek for pleasure (吳武典, 民 75). The second nature is truancy is a bad behavior and causes some serious behavior, for example drug abuse, theft and gambling, because they may meet some bad friends like gangs (吳武典, 民 75). The third nature is truancy will cause a vicious circle to the students, using students who have bad academic results as an example, they run away from school in order to they cannot get identity from teachers and classmates, the academic results may get worse after they run away from school, therefore it will cause a vicious circle (吳武典, 民…show more content…
According to the Stages of Psychosocial Development suggested by Erik Erikson (1950), students are in the Adolescence stages, the task in this stage is to develop a sense of identity, for example “Who am I?”, and the development of the sense of identity is based on the peer system. If they cannot fulfill the task, they will have role confusion, they cannot have consistent sense of self identity, therefore this cause the problem of students run away from school (王壘,2016). Also, they run away from school because they have lower self-esteem. According to the Five Building Blocks of Self-esteem suggested by Michele Borba (2003), there are some reasons showing students have lower self-esteem: Firstly, students do not have a sense of selfhood because they cannot accept themselves and identify themselves are unique in their interpersonal relationship, therefore this cause the problem of students run away from school (Borba, 2003). Besides, students do not have a sense of affiliation because they cannot get accepted and recognized, so they cannot feel connected with others and get self identity from others, therefore this cause the problem of students run away from school (Borba,
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