Task 2 (1.2) Explain the following terms Sequence of development Sequence of development means there is a specific pattern to a child developing. Rate of development The rate of development means how quickly a child meets the milestones of development. All children progress at a different speed. Why is the difference between the two important? It is important to know the difference between sequence and rate of development because then when it comes to monitoring the child, we will have an understanding if the child needs any additional support in any areas. There development should follow a specific pattern. For example, a baby should be able to move their head, arms and legs before being able to lift their head. Task 3 (2.1) Explain how …show more content…
If a child has asthma this can affect them because they might not be able to run around as much as their friends. This may affect their physical development is some areas as they can’t be as active and can’t take part in physical activities, and it might affect their social development because they can’t run around with their friends. Another personal factor is learning difficulties. If a child has learning difficulties then they will need extra support with some areas. They may get frustrated if they can’t do something simple. Like read a book or reading something little. Task 4 (2.2) Explain how children’s development can be influenced by a range of external factors. An external factor is family environment/background. Such as divorce this will affect the child’s behaviour at nursery because they will be confused on as why one parent has left. Same with if one parent has a new partner, it might make the child confused however if the child is a little bit older they may have a better understanding. Another external factor is personal choices. Children make their own choices e.g. whether to smoke or not, take drugs, have drink, eating and sleeping routines etc… Task 5 (2.3) Explain how theories of development influence current
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In the first three months, babies will start to move both eyes together, focus on objects more than 25cm away, roll from their front to their back and start to move their arms, legs and control their head. Between three and nine months, babies will usually learn to sit up, they will hold their head up without support, they gradually develop the ability to crawl and pull themselves up on the furniture. They will enjoy a range of sensory activities, such as bathing. Their palmar and pincer grip movements will start to develop, amd teething ususally occurs at around this time. Between nine and eighteeen months, the anterior fontanelle continues to close.
Factors affecting well being and child development A complex of family, genetic, community and environmental risk or protective factors is influenced by Children health and development which shows that family adversity of a child has more indicators. Since some social environments like neighbourhoods and local communities are crucially important. Other communities are particularly damaging for children because it is well gifted with social capital.
Q1.3 Explain the impact of adolescent development on a young person’s thoughts, feelings and behaviours A1.3 Adolescence is a time of great change for young people when physical changes are happening at an accelerated rate. Puberty is accompanied by physical, psychological and emotional changes adapted to ensure reproductive and parenting success. But adolescence is not just marked by physical changes – young people are also experiencing cognitive, social/emotional and interpersonal changes as well. It marks a transition in risks for depression and other common mental disorders, substance abuse, eating disorders and anti social behaviours. As they grow and develop young people are influenced by outside factors, such as their environment, culture, religion, school and the media.
Although they do develop many skills naturally as they get older it is equally important that they receive help and support to help them develop these skills in a variety of ways. An example of Physical development is of a childâ€TMs first steps. Though we assume the child will automatically learn to walk, this is not done without a parent holding and supporting the weight of a child while they learn the act of placing one foot in front of the other. Has the child develops and gets older they become more independent and are able to walk by themselves.
It starts with infancy and continues to adulthood. By gaining knowledge about child development, a synopsis of what children can do at various ages can be formed. Following are the three theoretical perspectives of child development: i. Maturationist’s View of Child Development : Maturationism is a premature childhood educational philosophy emphasizing the child as a growing individual in which knowledge exists. Based on Arnold Gessell’s work, maturationists suggest that “genetic factors play a bigger role in development than environmental ones” .
The Active Child Theme: Infant Cognitive Development Katherine Pita Florida International University DEP 2001 Cognitive development is the process that leads to the emergence of the ability to think and understand (Siegler, DeLoache, Eisenberg, & Saffran, 2014). This process involves the “development of thinking and reasoning” (Siegler et al., 2014, p.15) throughout childhood, including the growth of capabilities such as “perception, attention, language, problem solving, reasoning, memory, conceptual understanding, and intelligence” (Siegler et al., 2014, p. 131). Children contribute to their development through self-initiated activity even before they are born, by practicing breathing and digestive processes and exercising
Babies are born with an innate ability to learn and their brain to develop after birth. The neural pathways of a human’s brain are built based on their early experience in the world. A baby’s world is based on how they are treated by people in it therefore if the environment is scary then the baby will be reluctant to explore, as demonstrated n Bowlby’s and Ainsworth’s attachment theory. The brain and body become wired enough to understand what is safe and what should be feared. The birth to 3 years of a child’s life is a critical period for the brain during child development and any deprivation during this will result in persistent deficits in cognitive, emotional and even physical health.
One of the important aspects is the motor development a process by which the child acquires movement patterns and skills and many factors contribute to this such as genetics, size of the child at birth, nutrition, social class ethnicity and culture. Physical development include both gross motor development which includes the use of large muscles like legs for running and arms for throwing and fine motor development like smiling ,tying school lace picking a fork , drawing with crayons and building blocks .Many studies have shown that physical activities enhance cognitive development like ability to think and problem solving skills ,which require stimulation in the environment like if you give a child a plate and a spoon the child will soon realise that hitting the plate with a spoon will produce sound similarly playing with water like filling the balloon with water will help improve hand eye coordination .activities like learning to
However, each child is an individual and his/her physical, emotional, social development is either boosted or restricted by personal factors like genetic health or parentsâ€TM health etc.; and external factors such as the environment they grow up with. All factors have some kind of impact on a growing child and tend to affect all areas of development, not just one. Personal factor Personal factor influence childrenâ€TMs development in many areas. It consist health status, disability, sensory impairment and learning difficulties etc.. Childrenâ€TMs health is really important. Health issues can be genetical which influence how the brain works, e.g. Downâ€TMs syndrome which have impairment of cognitive ability and physical growth.
Sensory impairments and language disorders may lead to delayed cognitive development, anxiety and poor behaviour. A slower or faster rate of physical development may lead to social exclusion. Communication development can be affected by a sensory impairment, or speech and language. This may also lead to delayed cognitive development and anxiety. To ensure positive development interventions are important.
An infant in this stage is fascinated by the many things they can do to an object and they experiment with new behavior (Santrock, 2011). The final sensorimotor stage is internalization of schemes which develops in infants of 18 to 24 months of age (Santrock, 2011). In this stage, the infant can form mental representations and therefore can easily pick on certain new behaviors from the people around the infant (Santrock,
Sections 1.2 Explain the difference between sequence of development and rate of development and why the difference is important Sequence of development: This is the order of how development will happen, for example, when one child’s physical development could start with rolling over, then sitting up, crawling, walking and then running. But another child’s development could start with sitting up, walking then running and misses out on the rolling over and crawling. Though some of this child’s elements were missed the development still proceeded in an expected pattern. Rate of development:
Developmental Milestones Developmental Milestones are a set of functional skills which most of the children can perform at a certain age. Every milestone has a certain age limit. Some may achieve it early and some may do it a bit late as every child is unique. Premature babies achieve these milestones slightly late as compared to their healthier counterparts. You might also like: My top 6 learning toys for 0-12 month olds
In addition, I will apply Biosocial (physical development) cognitive development, and psychosocial development to each age ranges and explain how each section is related to the aforementioned section of development. THE FIRST TWO YEARS Biosocial Development: Christopher was born six pounds, six ounces, and was 18 inches long. He was a very good baby. He hardly ever cried and was always happy.