Question #1 • From a traditional perspective, describe formative and summative assessment. • From a contemporary perspective, describe formative and summative assessment. When responding to these prompts, make sure to elaborate on all of the characteristics of summative and formative assessments. Additionally, in the description from both perspectives, describe which characteristics summative and formative assessments share (if any) and what characteristics make summative and formative assessments unique from one another. How formative and summative assessments are thought of has changed over time.
INTRODUCTION Self assessment Assessment is vital to the education process In schools, the most visible assessments are summative. Summative assessments are used to measure what students have learnt at the end of a unit, to promote students, to ensure they have met required standards on the way to earning certification for school completion or to enter certain occupations, or as a method for selecting students for entry into further education. Ministries or departments of education may use summative assessments and evaluations as a way to hold publicly funded schools accountable for providing quality education. Increasingly, international summative assessments – such as OECD’s Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) – have
Assessment is a necessary component of teaching and learning. Without a powerful assessment program it is impossible to recognize whether students have learned, whether teaching has been efficient, or how optimal to address student learning needs. Since the main aim of this paper is assessment from the student’s perspective in the Moroccan high schools, this article is reviewing the literature on assessment in order to define, discuss and explain the terminology and key concepts in addition to offer an overview of the phenomena most specifically “testing reading” which is the main focus of this research paper The terms in the field of assessment are sometimes confusing. According to brown (2004), “Assessment is a popular and sometimes misunderstood
A rubric is a scoring tool that explicitly represent the performance expectation for an assignment or a piece of work. A rubric divides the assigned work into component parts and provides clear description of characteristics of work associated with each component, at varying levels of mastery. Wolf and steven (2007) define rubrics as a scoring tool used to evaluate a performance in a given outcome area based on a list of criteria describing the characteristics of products or performances at varying levels of accomplishment. According to Renjit, Geroge, Renu, and Souza (2015), the word rubric came from the Latin word “Rubber”, which means “Red‟. During the medieval period, rubric was a set of instructions attached to the law and was written
Summative assessment is the culmination of the teaching and learning process, and gives the students opportunities to demonstrate what has been learned, as stated on SDH Student Assessment Policy. Summative assessment aims to give teachers and students a clear insight into students’ understanding. Summative test would be given to the students in the end of each unit chapter, and teacher would give numerical score for report card. Sometimes, the students asked me how to count their score in numerical scale for the formative test because they were unsatisfied if they just got teacher’s comment, not a numerical score. Then, I tried to explain that
While summative assessments are typically a major component of the grading process in most districts, schools, and courses, not all assessments considered to be summative are graded. Some of the most well-known and widely discussed examples of summative assessments are the standardized tests administered by states and testing organizations, usually in math, reading, writing, and science. Other examples of summative assessments
Introduction: The essay explores about Assessment and its types , its uses in the field of education. How assessments works how it can be helpful for students and teachers. How the forms of assessments fit its purposes. Educational assessment is the process in which collecting of data from different sources occurs in order to improve students learning and also to improve the teaching skills of teachers. This gathered data is then analyzed and is used to understand the level of students knowledge whether the students have achieved the level that was intended to achieve.
Since there are categories given in rubric, we could easily assess our work and rate ourselves.”ESPSRJ30. 4.3.9 Reduced Anxiety Since rubric helped students to focus their effort on producing high quality work and getting better grades, they felt less anxious in learning Educational Assessment and Evaluation concepts. “Rubric focused us in fulfilling goal and objective of the task.” (RASRJ12) “I enjoyed learning with rubric as it gave me clear direction”. (RASRJ21) “I was never worried about the procedure. Rubric contained everything.
These assessments are given before admission using Cognitive Ability Test (CAT4) or at the beginning of the curriculum year or before issuing the End of Term Reports using the Standardised Assessment Tests. The Summative assessment has secured a prominent role in the education system (Lambert and Lines, 2000) of the school still it holds within cons and pros: Observed Pros: • The Summative assessments are beneficial for the 95% of the school students whose families move continuously; students around the globe share the same set of assessments for they are learning the same curriculum. • Owing to the fact that they all teach the same curriculum regardless where they come from; The Summative assessments enhanced teachers’ collaboration and professional development. It allowed them to share their best practices with each other and apply it, as well as providing the opportunity for meaningful professional development as the education community is all on the same page. (Anderson, no date) Observed