The Crusades were known as a series of battles launched by Europe against the Islamic religion to take back the holy land of Jerusalem. When the First Crusade was launched, Jerusalem churches were under the Muslim rule. When Pope Urban II was elected, he found himself the head of a reformed movement to win back the holy land of Jerusalem, and relieve churches of the Muslim rule. Emperor Alexius, the emperor of the Byzantine Empire, requested help from Pope Urban because the Muslims were killing his Christian people. Since the Muslims were in command of Jerusalem, the violent acts happening in the Byzantine Empire by the Muslims were happening in Jerusalem as well.
Introduction: Provide background information on the Crusades, restate the DBQ question, state thesis with reasons. (include academic vocabulary and underline) The results of the Crusades was probably more negative than positive. In “Doc 4”, It states that “Moreover, the assault of one Christian people on another, when one of the goals of the Fourth Crusade was reunion of Greek and Latin churches, made the split between the Greek and Latin churches permanent.” The Crusades had a lot of hatred to the religions, and by 1204 the Crusaders had lost some of their appeal because the knights agreed to attack the Byzantine Capital instead. Body Paragraph #1: Reason #1 and Evidence Supporting Sentences: Using the structure: “Evidence, Elaborate, Explain, Examples” Cite from any 2 documents and explain why this evidence shows that the results
Occurring predominantly in Europe and the Middle East, the Crusades began in 1095 and officially ended in 1291 (History.com staff, 2010). This being said, the causes can be traced back to 1081 when Alexius Comnenus gained the Byzantine throne, becoming Emperor Alexius I, after years of chaos and invasions by the Seljuk Turks (History.com staff, 2010). In due time Emperor Alexius would begin to set his sights on reclaiming the Holy Land from the Muslims. Seeing that this task would require more than the Byzantine’s men, he reached out to Pope Urban II of the Roman Catholic Church asking him for troops (History.com staff, 2010). The Pope made his decision public at the 1095 Council of Clermont in Southern France where he raised the proposal for all able Western Christians to raise arms to aid the Byzantines.
When Europe invaded the Arabs in the 11th century, they turned their newfound weapon on the European troops, which initially sparked fear, interest and high demand on the West, who were very induced in war. The secret of gunpowder soon traveled back to Europe along with stories of its detrimental force. However at the time, there was scarce interest in science and discovery in Europe, which made gunpowder quite useless. Soon after the crusades pioneered in European exploration, gunpowder became an aid rather than an obstruction. The tradition, hand-to-hand combat was non-existent, and gunpowder and the
From the three documents provided, Documents A, B, and C. I think that the Early Islamic Empire expanded war, by truced, and rare peace. It changed dramatically. The spread of Islam from 632-661. The battle in al-Yarmuk was the fiercest and bloodiest of its kind. According to Document A Al-Biladuri, “The Battle of the Yarmuk” “The Greeks and their followers in this battle tied themselves to each other by chains, so that no one would run away.” When anybody goes to war, the only thing that you think of is, “Get me out of here!” But, putting chains together so that they would not run away is really hard.
In 1095 on November 27 in Clermont,France, Pope Urban the II called for a Crusade to help the Byzantines and free the city of Jerusalem. The official start date was set as August 15, 1096. This order little did he know would be the cause of a battle that turned into 9 war’s that last for nearly 200 years. This event in history clearly has a outcome that is way more negative than positive. Have you ever imagined being in the middle of a 200 year war people dropping like flies just because of an argument over one city?
Some historians claim that there are as many as a hundred political and non-political interweaving reasons that led to the collapse of Roman Empire. One of the important political causes is the division of the Empire into two empires, the west (Latin) and the eastern (Greek, later known as the Byzantine empire) in 284 A.D. by Diocletian. This division was adopted to protect the over-expanding empire and to defend its borders against the Barbarian attacks. This was achieved initially as the two empires synchronized responsibilities and strengthened each. However, over successive years, there were religious and linguistic barriers that prevented further cooperation and inhibited any trials for re-union.
The first reason conquest had something to do with the quick spread of Islam is when Heraclius spread the word during the Byzantine War. In the Why Islam Spread So Quickly reading it states, “When Heraclius massed his troops against the Moslems and the Moslems heard that they were coming to meet them out at al-Yarmuk, the Moslems refunded to the inhabitants of Hims.” This is saying if Heraclius didn’t mass his troops the word of Islam might not have gotten around to the Hims and areas around there. The next reason conquest helped Islam spread was through military services and ghazu raids. In the Why Islam Spread So Quickly reading it states, “...A series of ghazu raids against the non-muslims communities in the neighboring countries. The unity of the ummah would be preserved by an outwardly directed offensive [attack].” This relates to the spread of Islam because Muslims use a strategy of raids against non-muslims that would preserve the unity of the ummah.
More authoritarian governments, such as monarchies, have been notorious throughout history for not being particularly fond of giving people such freedom. It is no secret that Christianity was the primary religion of the time during the 16th and 17th Centuries throughout the European subcontinent. The Spanish monarchy were dead set on spreading Christianity all throughout the “New World” Columbus discovered. This was one of the primary reasons that Columbus was able to accrue enough funds to take part in such an expedition. Bartolome las Casas mentions this theory of Christianization in his
It lasted for 18 years, starting from 1585 to 1603. The reason this war was fought was because of the natural resources in the “New World” also known as current day United States. “The war was punctuated by widely separated battles, and began with England's military expedition in 1585 to the Netherlands under the command of the Earl of Leicester in support of the resistance of the States General to Habsburg rule (Geni 2-5).” The reason that this war was fought was because England was trying to mark Spain’s property. The king of Spain was appalled by England’s decision and declared war on
In this manner, the Europeans formed the Crusaders against the Turks and Muslims to retake the places known as holly and spread Christianity and European culture all over the world because “the twin legacies of early medieval missionary activity before the year 1000 and of monastic reform in the eleventh and twelfth centuries provided the conditions for translating ideology into practice.” In this manner, the religious missions focused on influencing on other peoples’ faith to convert them into Christianity. Other controversial thing was about the understating of the diversity, and this understanding did not happen as it was supposed to be because an understanding of the diversity would help states to live longer. And understanding of the diversity of the multiculturalism is to respect to other ethnic and religious groups, so the idea of Europe was against this concept, too. Another controversial thing was the Islamic belief of Jihad. According to Douglas E. Streusand, Jihad means “holy war” as a usual usage of the word in the Islamic
The Crusades were a series of religious wars fought from 1095 to 1487. The first of the crusades began in 1095 when the Emperor of the Byzantine Empire, Alexios I, sent someone to request Pope Urban II to assist them with military support against the Turks. Pope Urban II quickly asked Catholic soldiers to join the first crusade. The first goal was to give the pilgrims access to areas in the Holy Land that Muslims were controlling. A more long-term goal would be to have the Eastern and Western parts of Christendom reunite.
The Crusades began as an attempt to regain Jerusalem, the Catholic Holy Land, from the Muslims. There were three initial crusades, and the best verdict they reached was a treaty at the end of the third. The Fourth Crusade only succeed in trashing Constantinople, but another crusade began; however, it lacked public support. This 5th crusade was the strange and ill-fated Children’s Crusade. Hungry for success, this Christian army was made up of thousands of children of various ages.