Comparing Sigmund Freud And Erikson's Developmental Theories

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Compare and Contrast Freud’s and Erikson’s Developmental Theories • Introduction The first assignment in Adolescence and Learning of BEDPM in Mandhu College is about the two developmental theories of Freud and Erikson. In this assignment I have compared and contrasted Sigmund Fred’s Psychosexual Theory and Erik Erikson’s psychosocial theory of development. The two psychologist believe that a human development occurs in a series of predetermined stage. In my writing I have tried to compare and contrast these two theories by looking at some of the key similarities and different of each stage. • Stages of Development( Erikson vs Freud) According to Freud the first stage of human development is called Oral stage. At this stage in development…show more content…
The main concern of this stage is controlling bladder and bowel movement. Children who succeed at this stage develop sense of capability and those who have problem at this stage may develop anal fixation. In psychosocial development Erikson called this stage of autonomy versus shame and doubt stage. As he said children develop self sufficiency by controlling activities such as eating , toilet training and talking. Those who succeed this stage develop a sense of development while those struggle will be later doubting themselves. In the second stage, both evidence similarities in that they both based on the issues of toilet training as an important process towards the successful…show more content…
According to Freud , the genital stage lasts through out adulthood. However Erikson’s theory includes three more stages that span adulthood. Those three stages are, stage-6, “intimacy versus isolation” during this period young adult will be questioning the meaning of one’s relationship with others. Failure to do causes the individual to suffer feelings of isolation. Stage -7, “Generativity versus stagnation” in mid adulthood, people have concern over whether one has contributed to the success of children and future generation. Failure to achieve this stage causes personal stagnation. The final stage is “integrity versus despair” in this late adulthood one will start to reflect on their lives and as well as looking back with a sell fulfillment or bitterness. Failure to complete this stage causes despair. There are some similarities between Sigmund Freud’s psychosocial theory and Erik Erikson’s psychosocial theory. Both have their own on personality development . the theories are separated into stages of person’s life. Personality developed over time as a result of interaction between child’s inborn drive and response with the key person in the child’s world. The child’s personality depends on a successes in going through all

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