Background Smoking is a deadly habit affecting the health of many globally, nationally, and locally. Smoking has immense negative health repercussions, reducing life expectancy by at least ten years compared to nonsmokers (CDC, 2016). Cigarette smoke contains thousands of chemicals, including tars, carcinogens, metals, and other toxins that cause harm. The carcinogens inhaled, are then freely transferred from the lungs to the bloodstream, which may cause various cancers (Peterken, 2014). Additionally, many constitutes of cigarette smoke is absorbed into the saliva and swallowed, which leads to various negative topical effects on the gastric mucosa. This allows us to conclude that smoking has many adverse effects on the stomach, small …show more content…
However, according the World Health Organization, smoking is increasing in the Eastern Mediterranean Region and the African Region (WHO, 2016). Most notably, the Chinese now consume more cigarettes than all other low and middle income countries combined. China and Eastern and South Europe consume the most cigarettes per person. (“Cigarette Use Globally,” 2014). Cultural patterns of cigarette consumption greatly vary based on various factors such as socioeconomic status as well as various laws and control measures the country has in place. The laws and regulations in different cultures directly affect tobacco consumption use, and can drastically alter the number of smokers and people affected by secondhand smoke. In cultures where smoking is freely and legally allowed in public places, people and children will be more readily exposed to secondhand smoke and its harmful effects. Politically, some measures have been taken to reduce the harmful effects of tobacco. Many countries throughout the world have been implementing laws regarding tobacco smoking. Scotland, England, France, and Argentina are only a few of many countries which have banned smoking in public areas (WHO, 2016). Additionally, there have been increases on tax rates on tobacco. Increase tax rates have shown to decrease tobacco rates. The World Health Organization …show more content…
Profit and money are the driving factors behind so many things, that people are not very motivated to eradicate something that earns them billions of dollars. Yes, legislation such as those to reduce secondhand smoke positively affect health outcomes, but I feel it is not enough. Tobacco is a legal substance despite its known negative, sometimes fatal repercussions. There is a plethora of research regarding the deadly and harmful effects of smoking and cigarette use, yet it is a legal substance used by millions. I think that the government needs to forget the profit aspect and focus on its citizens health. Whether it is making tobacco illegal, raising the taxes which has shown to lower rates, start more initiatives to reduce tobacco use, etc., more needs to be done on the government side of things to help people break the addictive and deadly habit of tobacco
What have cigarettes, alcoholic beverages, and firearms done for us in the past? Kill our loved ones? Given us disease? Yes, they have. Irving Coffman states that cigarette companies are paying financial settlements for health problems caused by tobacco addiction.
An overall goal of Healthy People is to enhance the health of all population, predicted reduction for lung cancer from 2007 to 2020 is 10% (Cuyahoga County Board of Health, 2016). According to Center for Disease and Prevention (CDC) (2016), the Healthy People 2020 focuses on three main points when it comes to tobacco use. The first main area that Healthy People 2020 is focusing on when it comes to tobacco use is implementing policies to decrease the tobacco use, especially in younger generations (CDC, 2016). The second area of focus is on health system changes by increasing accessibility, affordability to smoking cessation treatments and resources (CDC, 2016). The third focus is on implementing policies to make tobacco less affordable, to limit publicizing, and to inhibit sales to underage population (CDC,
Thesis statement Smoking tobacco has been around civilization for centuries; people have enjoyed the puffs of a cigarette without considering the deadly health impact . While some government hasn’t showed much responsibility, some have continuously been engaged in making people aware of the hazardous impact of smoking tobacco. Irrespective of the continuous awareness campaigns organized by the government, the implementation hasn’t been much effective. There are a certain groups in every population
In 2009, the federal government decided to ban cigarettes from public indoor spaces and put forward several regulations on cigarettes. Before this decision was made, there was speculation that cigarettes would be banned entirely from Canada. That year contraband tobacco trades skyrocketed. In fact the RCMP seized double the amount of tobacco from the year before. After it was justified that the government would not illegalize cigarettes, contraband tobacco seizures dropped by 22% in one year.
Stress from events such as the Oklahoma City Bombing causes people to smoke. Studies show that tragedies such as the 9-11 attacks or the Oklahoma City Bombing causes people to smoke, which can lead to other negative effects. Most people remember where they were when the Oklahoma City Bombing happened. In the Oklahoma City Bombing “A total of 168 persons died and 675 persons sustained injuries”(Sample). If someone saw on the news that a building blew up and American lives were taken one could assume that would cause a lot of stress.
Electronic cigarettes were first introduced into the tobacco market in 2003. However, in the last few years, electronic cigarettes have been trending, especially among high school students. According to the Surgeon General study, “In 2015, 1 in 6 high school students reported using e-cigarettes in the last month”. The promotion and production of electronic cigarettes is an issue that must be addressed because they are attracting minors who may have never been addicted to nicotine prior to the introduction of e-cigarettes in the market. Companies have branded e-cigarettes as a ‘safer’ alternative to regular cigarettes, however, it is quite possible that consumers, more specifically the youth, are not well informed of the ingredients in them.
Smoking is a choice and no one is forcing that upon people. The public has been well warned about the risks of smoking; therefore, the people smoking are fully aware that their lives are at risk. Tobacco companies should not be held responsible for smoking-related illnesses and deaths because once people put the tobacco in their mouths, they are putting there own life at risk themselves, and because as individuals we have a choice on whether or not to smoke cigarette. It 's true that tobacco companies aren 't accountable for why people smoke. Nonetheless, every tobacco product has a warning label on it therefore it 's not the companies responsibility from smoking-related illnesses and deaths.
Even the danger of passive smokers from the hazards of threefold active smoker. Dr Budhi Antariksa, Pulmonary Specialist from the Royal Taruma Hospital, said, as many as 25 percent of the hazardous substances contained in cigarettes goes into the body of the smoker, while 75 percent are circulating in the air that are at risk of getting into the body of people around
Worldwide, tobacco use causes about 90% of lung cancer deaths, 30% of all cancers, 20-25% of coronary heart diseases and stroke deaths, and more than 80% of chronic bronchitis and emphysema”. (Jordan 1). Secondly not only does it affect smokers but even people who don 't even partake in the activity of smoking cigarettes. Second hand smoke is a serious issue and can cause cancer almost easy as being an actual smoker can.
Theoretical Framework The study anchored to the following theories: Social Cognitive Theory (Bandura 1986) and Physiological Models of addiction (Gonzales, Hatukami & Rigotti 1988) were taken to stand for respondents addiction on cigarette smoking. Health Belief Model Theory (Janz & Becker 1984), Protection Motivation Theory (Cheng, Gong & Sun 1990) and Stage model of Initiation and Progression Theory (Sun, Unger & Sussman 2005) were taken to stands for respondents coping strategies. Social Cognitive Theory (Bandura 1986) is an extension of social learning theory, posits that people learn from one another through observation, instruction, or modeling. It expands on behaviorism by explaining behavior as a product of reciprocal interactions
In fact, those who smoke have their life span shortened by about approximately. However, the government must ban tobacco smoking in order to prevent smokers from lethal diseases, protect nonsmokers as well as saving the environment. The most obvious reason as to why tobacco should be
The Supreme court banned smoking is some areas. I think smoking should be banned from all public places because of the disease that it can cause and all the harm it can do to people. People should have the right to walk wherever they want without being around the affects of someone smoking outside or worrying about having their life put in danger. If everyone make a campaign against smoking it can soon possibly get banned from all public places. I would start a campaign and try to get the attention from the government to have smoking banned so no one gets harmed or have to walk outside smelling the smell of
Smoking has been a long time habit round the world. However, in the past, smoking cigarette was very popular and known to be a cool recreational drug, and was widely accepted by the community across the world. Today smoking has been less widely accepted and more restricted because of the many health risks that are linked to smoking cigarette. These days, people are well educated and more knowledgeable about the health risks of smoking.
The reactive oxidant substances generated by smoking induce inflammation in the lung and its airway (61); cigarette smoking causes an inflammatory process in the central airways, peripheral airways, and lung parenchyma, which is present even in smokers with normal lung function (62). In general, the inflammatory and structural changes in the airways increase with disease severity and persist despite smoking cessation. Cigarette smoking contributes to remarkable risk factors of noncommunicable diseases, including coronary heart disease, stroke, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, peripheral vascular disease, peptic ulcer disease and tuberculosis. Cigarette smoking is strongly associated with lung cancer, emphysema, chronic bronchitis, cardiovascular disease, and other serious internal diseases and cancers[50–54]. The non-stop chronic inhalation of cigarette smoke alters a wide range of immunological functions, including innate and adaptive immune
The Tobacco Question People have been fighting big businesses and industries that manufacture and distribute tobacco for decades. However, there has always been so much conflict over the matter on whether or not the government should get involved. For many people, smoking is a part of life, and so involvement in that area is violating their basic rights. They know the risks and are willing to take them. Activists try to skirt around this issue by lobbying governments to ban the advertisement of these products as it would not directly attack another’s right to smoke.