Early Years Foundation Stage

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The Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) covers learning and development of children from birth to five years old, and all registered early years providers in England must follow the EYFS. Education is mainly delivered through play rather than formal lessons, and Reception class teachers assess children based on classroom observation at the end of the school year when they've turned five.

Early Years education is available to all children in England aged three years and over, until they reach statutory school age. All children are entitled to 15 hours free each week for 38 weeks each year (570 hours in total), starting from the term following their third birthday. Parents can contribute financially for any additional hours they wish to take
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We can identify six educational stages from ages 3-19 years, some of which are compulsory and some of which are not.

Early Years - ages 3-4 - non-compulsory
Early Years (Reception) - ages 4-5
Key Stage 1 (Year 1 & 2) - ages 5-7: Phonics screening check (Yr 1); National tests and teacher assessments (Yr 2)
Key Stage 2 (Year 3, 4, 5 & 6) - ages 7-11: National tests and teacher assessments (Yr 6)
Key Stage 3 (Year 7, 8 & 9) - ages 11-14
Key Stage 4 (Year 10 & 11) - ages 14-16: GCSEs or other national qualifications
Post-16 (Year 12 & 13) - ages 16-19 - non-compulsory: A-levels, BTECS, Apprenticeships, Traineeships

c) Name the different types of schools that children and young people could attend, e.g. state, voluntary, academies and explain how these are
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Sometimes this means they have more freedom to offer a wider range of programmes.

Independent schools: these are not state funded. Parents pay for their child's education and the schools often have charitable status. They do not have to follow the National Curriculum and are free to set their own admissions policy.

d) Identify and provide a brief explanation of the different options now available for post 16's.

The September Guarantee is a commitment from the government that by the end of September of the year a child leaves full-time compulsory education, they will have a place in further education of some kind. This could be:

- Have a full-time job and being undertaking some part-time study or training
- Be in full-time study at a further education or sixth form college, or with an independent learning provider
- Be on an apprenticeship or traineeship scheme, including both a training element and a job or work placement element.

This guarantee is aimed at addressing the high levels of unemployment in young people aged 16-24 years, and support them to improve their chances of securing a job. it is a requirement of the Local Education Authority to find education and training places for all 16 and 17 year
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