The adolescent brain is also particularly reactive to emotional information. Hence they are especially vulnerable to stress from the environment. Contemporary adolescents report increased school-related stress due to homework, tests, examinations, competitions, comparisons and constant expectations for achievement (..............).Negative interactions with teachers can be distressing and can significantly affect their socio-emotional and academic performance (Crosnoe, Johnson, & Elder, 2004; Gregory & Weinstein, 2004; Resnick et al., 1997). Hostile or rejecting interactions with peers can erode feelings of belonging and make adolescents feel lonely and alienated (Guay, Boivin & Hodges, 1999) and promote social anxiety and distress (La Greca & Lopez, 1998). This has also been found to be related to losses in academic motivation and performance (Buhs, Ladd, & Herald, 2006; Iyer, Kochenderfer-Ladd, Eisenberg, & Thompson, 2010).
Social support and depression among students Social support is seen as one of the social determinants for health. Studies show that the people who have a lack of social support have found higher probability of experiencing depression. Social support may reduce and prevent from depression or unnecessary suffering. Depression is the most common problem associated with functional impairment, suicide, academic failure, marital difficulties, unemployment, substance abuse, and legal problems (Seeley & Andrews, 1993). A dominant perspective is that deficits in social support increase the risk for depression.
Today, anxiety is a common problem that college students face. Problems caused by the students’ peers, studies, and even their everyday lives are all factors that can result in one having anxiety or even worse, these problems can lead to one having anxiety disorders. Anxiety disorders are probably one of the most common or regularly occurring problems facing college students. This disorder can include phobias, feelings of insecurity, and even social anxiety, which drains one’s energy resources keeping the body in a constant state of stress. Because of this people may tend to become hot-tempered and somewhat unapproachable.
Stress, according to Billeter-Koponen and Freden (as cited in Donnelly, 2014), can also be either harmful or detrimental called distress or positive and helpful called eustress. This stress can threaten the person’s health negatively depending on the people's perception and the daily adaptation of an individual (Donnelly, 2014). Stress not only inhibits individual functioning but also causes detrimental effects in psychological functioning, emotional strain, and physical strain (Lopresti, 2014). All of these symptoms and effects of stress are particularly evident on college students who experience these circumstances every day. According to Gall, Evans, Bellerose, and Mallinckrodt, (as cited in Zajacova, Lynch, & Espenshade, 2005), one of the most prevailing causes of stress in college which has been broadly studied is academic stress.
King related roller coasters to horror movies because people get a scare out of it. On roller coasters, it can seem scary before anyone gets on, but afterwards it’s thrilling. Instead, a horror movie gives people nightmares for days or weeks. Roller coasters also don’t show signs of evil or violence. They also don’t create a long lasting fear in a person’s head or heart.
Acute stress disorder and post-traumatic stress symptoms have as feature Traumatic events that include bad injuries and death chocks. There are plenty of other consequences of stress on the human’s health such as the increase in sleep disorders, fatal accidents rate, eating disorders, smoking, and consumption of alcohol and drugs. Nowadays, child maltreatment or abuse is very predominant in our communities and has several negative effects on victims. Psychological impacts of abuse can be resumed in emotional dysregulation, personality issues, low academic performance, distress, attachment problems, intimacy avoidance, and provocative behaviors. Child abuse may also lead to difficulties in terms of concentration, difficulties in trying to interact with people and connect with the external world, dissociation, and
For instance, people who feel depressed will have a low mood and bad temper. Hence, they will become annoyed and gradually escape themselves from social connection. This is because Stephen Ilardi (n.d.) , who is the associate professor of psychology, University of Kansas, said that we will be having a highly intense desire to disconnect ourselves from others when we are depressed. Depression is a severe circumstance which can happen frequently when the melancholy and low mood are serious. It will affect their normal life and behaviour causes it to form vicious spiral which exacerbate depression.
One rationale could be the fact that self-esteem is affected by a miscellany of other related environmental factors. These may include bullying, trauma, society and media, belief systems, academic challenges, as well as disapproving authority figures (Lachmann, 2013). Since the young adult stage is a transitional period, many may experience an overwhelming amount of stress due to the need for readjustment and adaptation. Perceptions of whether they can or cannot face the responsibilities and obligations placed on them will thus affect their self-esteem. Moreover, from post-adolescence to midlife, that is, the phase which encompasses the young adult stage, a general increase in self-esteem is observed (Wagner, Ludtke, Jonkmann, & Trautwein, 2013); so even if frequent levels of corporal punishment in childhood did, in fact, reduce one’s self-esteem, this effect is counteracted and cancelled off when they reach young adulthood.
These types of relationships create a myriad of problems for both students, teachers as well as the institution as a whole. For example, mental health issues plague students as well as teachers, the institution’s reputation is degraded and legal ramifications are faced by staff who often have their careers derailed. Romantic student-staff relationships are now on the rise and may soon be a prevalent problem throughout society if the trend continues. The research also purports that measures should be taken by staff to prevent this problem.
The theory distinguished these types into three: Harm, (psychological) damage or loss that has happened, Threat, anticipation of harm, Challenge, results from demands that a person feels confident about mastering. These kinds of psychological stress would likely be used in the study to classify the different psychological stress the respondents encounter based on the factors that affect their stress level. Like for example, if most respondents claimed that the most stressful factor is the grading system, the researchers could analyze and classify the current condition of most students having the basis of these three types of stress namely, harm, threat and