Cloning of insulin is done by inserting the DNA of insulin in specific place in Bacteria (plasmid: DNA throat, there is independent of the DNA in the bacterial chromosome and double independently of the bacterial chromosome) which duplicates very quickly so a high amount of insulin is produced .Another point to add about cloning is According to mark (2007) cloning can save many animals from extinction by conserving the DNA and the egg or sperm and cloning it again. According to David(2004) cloning can increase the production of animals and plants to provide more food to cover all the needs around the world and to avoid famines. So scientists tend to use cloning to increase the production of plants and animals. A successful example of the first cloned animals was the sheep “Dolly” this process happened in 1996.Tt was the first
In recent years, the genetically modified foods are popular to the society. However, their several benefits and risks should be concerned as they have important impacts to human beings. According to World Health Organization, the genetically modified organisms (GMOs) are defined as organisms such as plants, animals or microorganisms in which the genetic material (DNA) has been altered in a way that does not occur naturally by mating or natural recombination. The technology is often called ‘modern biotechnology’ or ‘gene technology’ and ‘recombinant DNA technology’ or ‘genetic engineering’. It allows selected individual genes to be transferred from one organism into another and between nonrelated species.
Usually, the microbial enzymes have various potential uses in industries and medicine. The microbial enzymes are also more reliable than plant and animal enzymes as they are more stable and active. Also the microorganisms demonstrate an alternative source of enzymes because they can be cultured in large quantities in a short time by fermentation and owing to their biochemical diversity and susceptibility to gene manipulation. Industries are looking for new microbial strains in order to produce different enzymes to fulfil the current enzyme
Transgenesis is a procedure in which a gene or part of a gene from one individual is incorporated in the genome of another one. Transgenic animals have any of these genetic modifications with potential use in studying mechanisms of gene function, changing attributes of the animal in order to synthesize proteins of high value, create models for human disease or to improve productivity or disease resistance in animals. The objectives for animal biotechnology in food production and medicine are animal growth rate and meat production, milk yield and milk quality, wool production and quality, resistance to disease, digestion of normally non-digestible feeds or nutrients, producers of human pharmaceutical and transgenic animals, mostly pig will be
GMOs is the abbreviation of “Genetically Modified Organisms” and can be defined as living organisms which the deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) be altered in a way that occurred non-naturally. GMOs can be created by either genetic engineering or recombinant DNA technology (World Health Organization, 2014). Nowadays, GMOs are mostly produced as food for humans. There are a lot of debates all over the world that related to GMOs. One of the common claims is “The world needs more GMOs.” I support the claim that the world needs more GMOs because they are beneficial to human beings in different aspects.
Introduction Animals testing have significantly contributed to the advancement of scientific knowledge in general and to biomedical progress specifically. Many example showing that laboratory animals in medical development and other aspects have significantly influenced human health and reduced suffering, for example improved diagnosis of infectious disease (Hau, Jann, Schapiro & Steven, 2002). But since 1960s and 1970s, animals testing protests has gained prominence and strength, people start to argue is it moral to continue “cruel” animal testing. Animal Testing is a Moral Act In the rest of this article, I shall apply different concept under utilitarianism try to discuss whether animal testing are moral acts. It is important to notice that (1) in this article, applying the general idea of utilitarianism which is “the greatest happiness of greatest number” and (2) the animals testing under the rules and regulations.
One important contribution made by Wasi et al. is that these microrganisms should be used in their immobilized forms rather than as free cells because of their better performance as detoxifying and degrading agents. This is one of many avenues that scientists and researchers can work on. Perhaps future research can look into maximizing the speed of growth
For this essay I have chosen three topics which I will go into detail about. These three are examples of how microorganisms and microbial communities have been manipulated for the benefit of mankind. The first example is Azospirillium brasilense, a plant growth promoting hormone which can promote nitrogen fixation which is very beneficial to the plant as they have more nitrogen available to use so they can grow more and in turn, is beneficial to mankind as we have bigger and better plants to chose from without the use of artificial fertilizers. The second example is a bacterium which was produced so it is able to glow when in the presence of a landmine. This very interesting quality of the bacteria is massively beneficial as it could prevent many deaths and injuries of living organisms in countries where war is a massive threat.
Scientists can do the most fantastic translational research in the world. Starting with elegant hypothesis tested through invirts and biochemical experiments. They can understand disease mechanisms to the individual amino acid level in a protein or molecule nucleotide in a DNA. This helps support my counterclaim by telling exactly how human experimentation helps everyone understand disease mechanisms to individual amino acids. One of the primary ethical justifications for conducting research with human human subjects is to benefit society.
D. Hebert in 2003. However, research in DNA barcoding exceled and it has resulted in myriad of applications. It is a quick method as compared to classical taxonomic identification systems. In addition to assigning specimens to known species, DNA barcoding will accelerate the pace of species discovery by allowing taxonomists to rapidly sort specimens and by highlighting divergent taxa that may represent new species (Hebert and Gregory, 2005). DNA barcoding approach has become immensely popular and advances as well as limitations have clearly emerged as increasing amounts of organisms have been studied (Frezal et al., 2008).