A fall is defined as moving downward, in a rapid and freely without control from a higher position to a lower position. There are many contributing factors that increase the risk of falls including age, medications, disease and changes in environmental needs. This paper contains an overall assessment of fall prevention including current protocols in place to decrease the incident of falls and barriers to overcome. Included will be evidence based research that on the current standards in place for fall prevention and where there are improvements to be made. The incident of falls has an overall impact on the cost of healthcare and with fall prevention measures the decrease can be
This act created a major revision of standards of care for nursing homes. This legislation also changed the expectations and the quality of care that patients should receive in long term care facilities. This Nursing Home Reform Act passed by congress specifically stated “that each residents have the right to be free from any physical or chemical restraints imposed for purposes of discipline or convenience and not required to treat the resident’s medical symptoms”. While there may be some benefits to using restraints in nursing homes, however, studies have shown that using restraints in nursing homes negatively impacts patients and for the most part does not prevent them from falling or from other incidents that may occur. There are very high levels of risks associated with the use of restraints (Lapane,150).
In this chapter, Finny yet again falls but instead from a tree, down the stairs. Gene and Finny are brought to the Assembly Room by Brinker, where he holds an investigation about Finny’s fall from the tree. Brinker wants to get the specific facts about the incident and tell Finny that Gene made him fall from the tree. Currently, Finny denies that Gene jounced the limb, even after Gene tried to tell him the he did it purposely. During the inquiry, Gene and Finny are almost fabricating a story about what happened that day.
The conclusion of the article was that hourly rounding that has leadership involvement and staff that buy into the program is an effective fall prevention program. This conclusion was based off the results from the study. This review was of good quality. Hourly rounding and patient falls was a study that was conducted to see if hourly rounding was an effective fall prevention strategy. The study involved 2 units.
Present the Evidence: Prevention of Patient Falls According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), each year, one third of those who are 65 and older fall (2013). These falls contributed to $34 billion in direct medical costs in 2013 (cite). With these statistics, it is apparent that health care professionals and health care settings need to make fall prevention a priority in their facilities. The aim of this paper is to explore a fall prevention policy and practice guidelines to evaluate recent evidence and offer recommendations.
(Joint Commissions, 2014).It is important for nurses to explain how to use the call light to the elderly patients, and also to ask for help before getting out of bed. Vulnerable patients should be placed close to the nursing station for close monitoring. It is very important to educate health care workers on the approaches used to prevent falls. The measures used to prevent falls in the elderly could include; carrying out a risk assessment during admission, placing colorful stickers outside their doors, stopping the use of psychotropic medications, teaching them the best way to use their assistive device, placing their call light and belonging within their reach, placing their beds in the lowest position with brakes /wheels locked at all times, removing throw rugs from their surroundings, making sure that they are wearing non-skid shoes/socks before ambulating and also giving them their prescribed Vitamin D supplement as well as encouraging them on the use of their corrective glasses or hearing aids. It is very important to educate health care workers on the approaches used to prevent
References American Occupational Therapy Association. (2012). Fall prevention for people with disabilities and older adults. Retrieved Sept 23, 2015 from http://www.aota.org/About-Occupational-Therapy/PatientsClients/Adults/Falls/FallPreventionwithDisabilitiesandOlderAdults.aspx Center for Disease Control and Prevention.(n.d). Important facts about falls.
Capstone Project: Falls Prevention and Risk Assessment of the Elderly Population while in Long Term Care facility Evidence Based Practice – NUR 4775L Dr. Susan Poole, DNP, CNE November 22, 2015 Capstone Part I: Falls Prevention and Risk Assessment of the Elderly Population while in Long Term Care facility Introduction to Problem According to Centre for disease Control (CDC) more than 1.4 million people 65 and older live in nursing homes. If current rates continue, by 2030 this number will rise to about 3 million (CDC, 2014). Nursing home residents are at an increases risk for falls depending on the acuity of their illness and their mental state.
According to Fisher and Friesema (2013), occupational therapists have the opportunity to lead in things such as fall prevention; however, if other professions “position themselves as the most qualified to address these key domains, occupational therapy practitioners will be left out.” Again, that is why practitioners must stay on top of evidence based research and continue advocating for occupational
It also provided the use of critical thinking and clinical judgment on how to prevent falls, support, and be accountable for a client professionally. The practical knowledge I have learned helped me become aware of assessing and assisting a client. As a nurse, our job is to provide “safe, compassionate, competent and ethical care” (p.8) and collaborate as an interprofessional team to deliver safe care and prevent risks from happening while offering quality nursing care (CNA, 2017). I will always provide the professional care under the code of ethics to promote health and wellness for an older adult and prevent risks from happening. As well as following the plan of care, use communication strategies, be aware, acknowledge, and accommodate individuals with different diseases such as with dementia, to promote fall prevention strategies (RNAO, 2017).
The incident happened because of lack of attention given to patient. We manage to mobilized her to the chair and reassured her. We also follow the standard procedure of patient’s fall which is to check on her vital sign and physical for any post trauma injury. The Department of Health Western Australia (2015) listed that checking the potential injury and the vital sign was the Immediate post-fall procedures that all nurses accounted to.
This program, called the Nijmegen Falls Prevention Program, included one hundred thirteen elderly clients with a history of falls. Exercise sessions were held twice a week for five weeks with fall monitoring done before and after the experiment. Control assessments were also done continuously thru the study to determine client changes in standing balance, balance confidence, and obstacle avoidance skills. The results of the Nijmegen Falls Prevention Program showed that the number of falls within the exercise group dropped by a significant forty six percent! Not only less falls, but obstacle avoidance skills dramatically improved as did balance
Informative:Fall Many people in the Fall tend to lose weight or gain weight some more than they wanted to, so they start thinking of ways they can lose all that weight they have gained, but you can also gain weight by doing different this. Exercising will help you gain and lose weight, just depends on what you do, for example say you are loving how the weather is outside so you decide to go for a jog that is a type of exercise. Another way is weightlifting, that can help you gain weight because you are gaining muscle also, so my job is to help us find some different ways to stay healthy this Fall. One way to start is taking advantage of the weather.