Learning Theory: The Learning Theories Of Behaviorism

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Learning refers to any relatively permanent change or modification in behavior resulting from practice and or exposure conditioning. It could be motor, visual, or conceptual. Learning theories provide a theoretical outline that describes how information is absorbed, processed and retained during learning (Schunk, 2015). In this paper, I will discuss the learning theories of behaviorism, cognitivism, constructivism, and humanism and some principles within these theories that apply to learning like classical and operant conditioning, scaffolding, schemas, situated cognition, Bloom’s taxonomy, as well metacognitive activities. With research findings, we can learn what it takes to use different parts of our brain for different learning theories.…show more content…
When reinforced the behavior tends to be repeated, while those that are punished tend to end (behavior is controlled by consequences). As such, behaviors can be modified by the use of reinforcement and punishments since individuals make associations between a particular behavior and a consequence (Kalat, 2011). Classical conditioning, on the other hand, is a reflexive type of learning in which a neutral stimulus (bell) acquires the capacity to invoke a response that was initially evoked by an unconditional stimulus (food). To achieve this response, the unconditional stimulus must be paired with the neutral stimulus for sometimes until the association is established. Schema theory posits that all knowledge is organized into units (schemata) within which information is drawn. A schema is a mental block/representation that brings to mind further information linked to the original concept through association (Kalat, 2011). These schemas/mental representations affect the interpretation of information; thus its comprehension and they change as new information is received. The elaborative theory asserts that content to be learned should be organized from simple to complex while providing a meaningful context in which ensuing ideas can be integrated. The approach facilitates rapid prototyping, as it values a set of instructions that are as holistic as possible to promote meaningfulness and motivation.
Situated cognition is an approach that emphasizes that people’s knowledge is constructed and linked to activity, context and culture within which it was learned (Kalat, 2011). Learning is social and not isolated, as people learn while interacting with one another through communication, among other shared

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