“Tell me and I’ll forget show me and I may remember, involve me and I’ll understand,” Chinese proverb. According to Piaget’s Theory, all knowledge comes from action. Thus from birth, babies actively engage and use the environment, and they construct their own understanding of it. For example, babies act on objects around them- feel, turn, bang, and mouth them. They grow in their knowledge of those objects through structuring their own understanding. Children learn best by doing because one, they are engaging in first-hand/hand on experiences. Two, bodily Kinesthetic children communicate well through body language and to be taught through physical activities according to Howard Gardner. Thirdly, they learn through experiment and involvement rather than listen to a teacher explaining the concept.
The cognitive theory focuses on how people learn from the processing of information. It discusses the concept such as memory, problem-solving as well as decision-making. Like behaviourists, they observed actions empirically to make interpretations about the internal mental progression (Yilmaz, 2011). According to Kuljis & Lui (2005) and Taylor et al. (2000), focus on arguments on how student learn large volumes of meaningful information by exposing them to a verbal teaching method. They put forth that learning is to a substantial extent, based on information presented in a sequential and organized manner to students. This thought enhances meaningful learning, comprehension and retaining of the acquired
Self-exploration can be done with self-awareness of one’s own feelings, action, thoughts, potential, qualities and abilities (Boontarika Narknisorn 2012). Life experience can give data about oneself. Therefore, the clients can watch themselves in difference perspective with a specific end goal to increase self-exploration (Boontarika Narknisorn 2012). For example people ask themselves certain question such as why, like or dislike in daily life.
‘Constructivist’ theory of learning is considered to be the main developmental theories of learning currently working in the area of special educational needs.
Social learning theory differs from Skinner’s learning theory as it recognises the importance of cognition as Albert Bandura believed that we aren’t ‘passive’ learners or accidental learners, we use mental processes to select what we imitate and watch. Social learning theory proposes that we learn through different types of ways which allow us to learn how to behave, the proposals are that we learn through observation as we observe the people around us when they behave in various ways, we learn through modelling or imitation as we think about the relationship between other people’s behaviour and the consequence that it brings, and we also learn through both direct and indirect reinforcement.
Learning enables you as an individual, to gain more knowledge about something which you have never learned about. Learning also has to do with past experiences which are influenced by behavioural changes (Weiten, 2016). There are different types of ways to learn; through, classical conditioning, operant conditioning and observational learning which will be discussed and analysed in the essay.
In spite of the fact that there are a wide range of ways to deal with learning, there are three essential sorts of learning hypothesis: behaviourism, intellectual constructivism and social constructivism. This segment gives a concise prologue to each sort of learning hypothesis.
not even know that learning is occurring. The gaining of new knowledge and or skills from experience leads to change in behavior is the logical definition of the term learning (Schacter, Gilbert, Wegner, Nock, 2015). There are three different ways to come about learning these are, Classical conditioning, Operant conditioning and Observational Conditioning. Each conditioning is unique in their own way in describes a different way of learning. Right now we’ll focus more o n Classical conditioning and Operant conditioning.
Have you ever thought on how people explain about behaviour? How do we know when learning process has occurred? Learning is permanent change that happened in the way of your behaviour acts, arises from experience one’s had gone through. This kind of learning and experience are beneficial for us to adapt with new environment or surrounding (Surbhi, 2018). The most simple form of learning is conditioning which is divided into two categories which are operant conditioning and classical conditioning.
Learning-to-learn phenomena have been examined from a variety of perspectives. Learning strategies are considered to be any behaviors or thoughts that facilitate encoding in such a way that knowledge integration and retrieval are enhanced. More specifically, these thoughts and behaviors constitute organized plans of action designed to achieve a goal. Cognitive strategies as discussed above provide a structure for learning that actively promotes the comprehension and retention of knowledge through the use of engaging
The Behavioral approach is explaining behavior through observation and believes that peoples surroundings and up bringing cause how they behave good or bad, they believe what people do is determined by the environment.
The key tenets are five in making the choices on learning. The first one posits that the learning process is not a pure behavioral aspect but a cognitive process that operates within the social context. The implication is that the process is very stable in making the best choices (Ractham, & Chen, 2013). The second tent allows for a learning process that will appreciate the occurrence of observing behavior and the observation allows people to learn about the consequences of the behavior. This defines the vicarious reinforcements that emanate from the observation
According to some researcher’s experiential learning theory (ELT) has been widely used in management learning research and practice for over thirty-five years. Building on the foundational works of Kurt Lewin, John Dewey and others, experiential learning theory offers a dynamic theory based on a learning series driven by the resolution of the dual tensions of action/reflection and experience/abstraction. These two dimensions state a holistic learning space wherein learning transactions take place between individuals and the environment.
In social care, we work with some of society’s most vulnerable people. For a practitioner to best support an individual they must first be able to care for themselves. There is huge value in being aware of who we are, our strengths and our areas for improvement. This can directly affect the relationships and experiences we have with ourselves, clients, and our peers in social care practice. For this assignment, I will look at the importance of ‘the self’ and personal and professional development in social care.
The history of learning theory can be traced back to Ancient Greece, where the modern history of learning psychology dates back to the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th centuries. Learning primary interest was purely based on behavior which developed the psychology of learning as ‘behaviorism’ (Gropper, 1987).