Theories Of Experiential Learning

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Learning refers to any relatively permanent change or modification in behavior resulting from practice and or exposure conditioning. It could be motor, visual, or conceptual. Learning theories provide a theoretical outline that describes how information is absorbed, processed and retained during learning (Schunk, 2015). In this paper, I will discuss the learning theories of behaviorism, cognitivism, constructivism, and humanism and some principles within these theories that apply to learning like classical and operant conditioning, scaffolding, schemas, situated cognition, Bloom’s taxonomy, as well metacognitive activities. With research findings, we can learn what it takes to use different parts of our brain for different learning theories. …show more content…

The theory contends that individuals’ sense of initiative, general well-being and performance is supported by their experience of autonomy, relatedness, and competence. The theory proposes that the degree to which any of these psychological needs is strained within a social context will result in a detrimental impact on wellness/motivation within that context. Experiential learning refers to learning through the reflection, critical analysis and synthesis of experiences (both personal and environmental). For genuine knowledge to be formed, the learner must possess problem-solving and decision-making …show more content…

He asserts that every individual is unique, and thus should be supported by developing his/her talents and individuality by designing flexible curricula that allow for freedom of intellectual exploration. The study by Ertmer & Newby (2013) provides a comparison of behavioral, cognitive and constructivist approaches, and how they impact on learning. It explores how these theories provide instructional designers with instructional techniques that promote learning as well as provide a basis for intelligent strategy selection. Sorden (2005), explores multimedia cognitive theory of learning, specifically how to structure multimedia instructional practices among other cognitive strategies for active

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