For example, according to the municipal solid waste company in USA, 2005:"every pound of steel recycled saves 5,450 BTUs of energy, enough to light a 60-watt bulb for over 26 hours". Also, in 2005, recycling of municipal solid waste in America reduced manufacturing energy use by more than 988,489,000 million BTUs, enough energy to power 10,721,139
Direct sources of water pollution include runoff, industrial waste, sewage, and human waste. Indirect sources include air pollution and sediment from construction sites. Industrial waste can lead to air pollution, which can ultimately lead to the pollution of water. This is also called atmospheric pollution. Atmospheric pollution is caused by pollutants such as smoke from factories entering the atmosphere and being carried to waterways.
2. The world collectively currently only recycles 5% of it’s 100 million ton a year plastic consumption, but that percentage is steadily rising (Can the world solve the plastic waste problem). IV. Once plastic enters the oceans, it’s hard to get
Heavy metals from motor vehicles and acid mine drainage Use of water as a coolant by power plants and industrial manufactures leads to thermal pollution Effects of Water Pollution: Ground water contamination through pesticides causes reproductive damage within wild life in echo system. Disturbance in the natural ecological balance due to sewage, fertilizer and agricultural runoff containing organic materials into water and in turn increases the growth of algae which leads to depletion of ozone layer. Industrial chemicals and agricultural pesticides that got mixed up in water bodies’ effects aquatic environment and can accumulate with the fishes which are later eaten by humans, if the fishes are poisoned by the pollutants, interferers with the development of the nervous system in fetuses and young children. Water pollution leads to flooding, because of the accumulation of solid waste and soil erosion in streams and rivers. As Oil spills does not dissolve in water, it leads to suffocation for aquatic habitat.
2000 pounds of recycled paper can actually help to save 17 trees, over 350 gallons of oil, and a lot of landfill space. That also means less air pollution!. Recycling helps to conserve energy and as a result less greenhouse gases are emitted. Americans will use over 2 and a half million plastic bottles every thirty minutes, and most of them are simply thrown away rather than recycled. Plastic bags that are thrown into the ocean kill over a million sea creatures a year.
If we do not start becoming more conscious of our waste, American citizens are going to be living among trash. The amount of waste in landfills could be dramatically reduced if a few small steps were taken to help America become “green”. America is already fully aware of how to recycle and the importance of being green but not enough people take the time to separate their waste from their recyclable materials. According to the dictionary of environmental science and technology “we cannot bypass the conservation laws of mass or energy and in a world of increasing material scarcity it is important to make the best use of all resources” (“Recycling”). It is crucial that America realizes the scarcity in many materials that we use in our everyday lives.
We can read about global worming, about different kinds of diseases and decreasing fresh water. Water pollution is the largest cause of death and disease on the world.The Earth is covered with around 70% of water.Water pollution is caused by littering water, releasing chemicals and by oil tankers witch sometimes sinks and that is cause to a big oil spill (in the sea). Effects are animal’s extinction of fishes and decreasing of fresh water. Sea level is rising because ice caps are melting. Because of that are floods increasingly common.
Should Everyone Be Required to Recycle? Recycling is one of the easiest and simplest ways for people to have a positive impact on the environment we live in, yet Recycle Across America states that U.S. recycling levels are only at 21.4%. This number is low even with recycling being integrated into many schools and workplaces because recycling isn’t enforced. It all depends if someone wants to recycle or not. If everyone was required to recycle, imagine the tremendous effects it would have on the earth.
These toxic chemicals may cause already polluted landscapes to disperse noxious materials into the water and eventually pollute water by rainfall. (Whalefacts,) Although pollution can be caused by natural phenomena, around half of the pollution towards the ocean is caused by wastewater and sewage. These actions are caused by human’s improper disposal of sewage and fertilizer. An example of the effects is harmful algal bloom. WWF (World Wildlife Fund) states that 80% of urban sewage discharged into the Mediterranean Sea is left untreated.
The process of recycling involves changing the state of used products to be raw materials utilizable in making new products. The reasons behind recycling include reducing pollution and conserving natural resources. Considering the less energy used in making a product through recycling in comparison to making a product afresh, recycling is seen to lower energy consumption. While conserving, recycling also it causes lower pollution in comparison to the production of a new product. Another advantage relates to the reduced waste amounts sent to incinerators or landfills.