Research is a way of gathering information and acquiring knowledge whether from the traditional sources or scientific method. However, scientific methods are more orderly process because it combines induction, deduction, observation and hypothesis testing into a set of reflective thinking activities at which it tries to describe reality truthfully. It is a system of way in producing knowledge. According to Denzin & Lincoln (1994), a qualitative research focuses on interpretation of phenomena in their natural settings to make sense in terms of the meanings people bring to these settings. Overall, a good research is depends on the ability of researchers to conceptualise ideas and how well others understand the concepts used.
After this step, exploratory research is conducted where the questions are to be answered in order to solve the problem. This process takes evaluation of current studies, previous studies by experts and analyzing the situation. After this process, the objectives of research are determined. At the end, hypothesis is developed. 2.
The main purpose of this chapter is to provide an outline of the research methods that will be used and to explain the procedures that will be employed to collect the data in the intended study. Since the scope of the study has been determined, and its aim and objectives have also been identified, it is very important to outline the methodology that will be adopted to pursue the issues relating to the research questions. This involves indicating the particular research philosophy and strategic approach that will be assumed by the researcher. Research is a systematic investigation to increase the sum of knowledge (Fellows and Liu, 2003). Marshal and Rossman (2006) define research as a systematic inquiry to provide a better understanding of
Concept 1:- concept of RESEARCH This concept is taken from module 1 title basic research terms and concepts of research Research according to the advanced learner’s dictionary of current English is a careful investigation of inquiry especially thorough search for new facts in any branch of knowledge. Polit and Beck (2012), state that research is a scientific process. It is scientific because the results are verifiable. It is a systematic search for answers to question about fact and relationship between facts. Burns & Grove(1997) in Akinsola (2005) opined that the root meaning of the word research is to search again or to examine carefully.
METHODOLOGY 1.0. INTRODUCTION The chapter discusses the tools and techniques which can be used to conduct research to achieve the objectives of the study. The research will use both the qualitative and quantitative research methodologies. This chapter includes research design used, population, and sample size, sampling techniques, data collection procedures and how data was analysed. The chapter also discusses the research techniques, instrumentation, population, strength, weakness of the research.
Fourthly, an outline of a methodological framework should be a part of a research proposal. The methodology should contain an illustration of the population of the study, the number and size of the population, and data collection method used in performing the research project. 9. The research project should be specific, measurable, attainable, realistic, and time-bound in order to be a viable research project. The topic of one’s research project should also be in his/her personal interest because it will be easier to perform, unlike other topics that the researcher doesn’t have an engagement and knowledge
This chapter presents the methodology employed to collect data and achieve the objective of the study. The major components of the methodology are the profile of the study area, research design, research population, sampling method, research instruments and methods for collection and analysis of data. 3.1 Research design Research can also be classified as exploratory, descriptive or explanatory (Stangor, 2007). A research design constitutes the blueprint for fulfilling research and answering questions. It includes an outline of what the researcher will do from writing research questions and their operational implication to the final data analysis.
Conceptual research is often development and arranging conceptual understandings The composite nature of the project can sometimes make it difficult for all aspects of a research question to be answered by a single method acting . “Mixed method” refers to research in which the researcher collects and analyses data, integrates the finding, and draws inferences using more than one method. 4.1 Evaluate appropriate research methodologies in terms of the research question The purpose of inquiry methodological analysis is to discover answers to questions through the application program of scientific
Chapter 3: Research Methodology 3.0 Introduction This chapter discusses the techniques or methods that are suitable to be adopted in order to carry out this research. A well-developed methodology is essential to produce a certain degree of accuracy and value of a research. Hence, elements included in chapter 3 are research design, data collection method, sampling design, research instrument, construct measurement, processing of data, and also data analysis. 3.1 Research Design According to Zikmund (2010), research design is a master plan for collecting and analyzing the needed information by specifying the methods and procedures. Creswell (2009) also explains that research design is the research process that involves the overall
Baker (2009:45) highlights that exploratory studies are usually conducted with the main objective of obtaining all the background information available about the research topic. Exploratory research is normally qualitative in nature and often unstructured. It also offers input for further research. According to Neuman (2007:16) exploratory research is based on the researcher exploring an entirely new area of study with the objective of raising precise questions that can be addressed in future research. Neuman (2014:38) argues that, the most significant reasons why exploratory research is conducted are as follows: To familiarise oneself with facts, setting and basic concerns, create an understanding of situations, to formulate