The field of health is constantly evolving. From the discovery of antibiotics to the development of the CT scan, physicians and scientists have always found ways to improve and extend the quality of life. While this is still true of physicians and scientists today, in the past, they have been perpetrators of negative health outcomes for marginalized groups. For years, physicians and scientists used their professions as means to justify the racist and prejudiced ideals that existed in the societies they were in. This was apparent with the colonization of African countries, as well as the discrimination of blacks in the U.S. Although, the actions of physicians and scientists towards marginalized groups were racist, their ideas about health, …show more content…
The authors remind us that medical professionals are aware of the topics that lead to health disparities such as discrimination, racism, and residential segregation and in fact, medical professionals have contributed to these ideals throughout the history of the profession (Garcia and Sharif e27). Therefore, it is the responsibility of the professionals in the field to do what they can to confront racism, since, they also helped to promote such health disparities in the past (Garcia and Sharif e29). The authors also urge medical professionals to participate in different activities such as community outreach and research that will advocate for policies to improve the health of people in disadvantaged communities (Garcia and Sharif e29). The arguments presented by these authors express the impact that medical professionals could have on polices geared towards social change if they would play an active role in promoting public health. In contrast, they criticize medical professionals for their role in the past for promoting social change that was a detriment to disadvantaged groups, therefore, indicating that since medical professionals, in the past, influenced negative social changes, they …show more content…
However, it is because the medical professionals played such a large role in the negative social perception of marginalized groups that they have a duty to change it for the better. Other critics, such as authors John H. Knowles and Thomas Szasz, believe it should be the individual’s responsibility to take care of their personal health, not the responsibility of medical professionals. Szasz states that doctors are only tasked with the responsibility to diagnose a patient and to treat the patient, only if consent is given (Szasz 84). Knowles argues that individuals are responsible for their own healthcare and too much blame is deflected to society. However, Knowles acknowledges that medical professionals play a role with regards to helping people take responsibility for their healthcare. He suggests that preventative healthcare is the key to solving many of today’s health issues. Nonetheless, to promote preventative care, the role that doctors play must be emphasized. He states, “Carrying out such a strategy involves many variables-convincing the doctor to play his pivotal role…” (Knowles 66). Here he is demonstrating the important role that doctors play in healthcare. He is focused on the idea that a physician’s job is not just to treat a patient but to aid in developing preventative
Click here to unlock this and over one million essaysShow More
Being both African American and female took its toll on Crumpler’s practices, yet she persisted. While focusing on her studies at the New England Female Medical College, Crumpler was ridiculed by colleagues. “She faced intense racism and sexism working as a physician in the postwar South” (Balzer). Knowing the light at the end of the tunnel would be her promising career as a physician, Crumpler kept going despite the abuse. “White doctors ignored her, made jokes at her expense and discounted her work” (“Dr. Rebecca Lee Crumpler”).
Also in hospitals most patients did not question there doctors even white patients. Rebecca Skloot states, "Especially black patients in public wards. This was 1951 in Baltimore, segregation was law, and it was understood that black people didn’t question white people’s professional judgment" (Skloot, 63). This example demonstrates that Africans were not equal in the hospital setting even in the wards they were treated in. Skloot continues and states, "Many black patients were just glad to be getting treatment, since discrimination in hospitals was widespread"(Skloot, 63).
According to Henrietta, physicians at the Hopkins during the 1950s and early 1960s claimed to offer to treat African American patients but in contrary, they did so in a manner that showed segregation especially from the fellow white families. Another strategy to ensure that African Americans did not receive treatment in medical institutions is that there were education and language barrier. According to Skloot, these factors kept the backs away from these institutions unless they thought they had no choice, pg. 16.
For decades, a person’s socioeconomic status or SES has affected the health care that people receive due to race and “wealth”. This problem has plagued American society because of these factors leading to many receiving inadequate health care. All of these factors for someone’s SES, has changed a lot in the health care domain that is unfair to many who are not the “ideal” and are a minority. Due to this the perception, experiences with health care waver and are different between the stages of these SES’s. No matter the status of a person they should receive the same amount of care, treatment, and closer.
People in America are encouraged to become healthier by exercising, following a balanced diet, and assuming healthy habits. Unfortunately, most Americans cannot live a healthy lifestyle because their socioeconomic status limits their choices. The United States economic system functions as a hierarchy, where 1% of the population are more affluent than the rest (CNN). The economic gap makes it harder for the rest of the population to afford healthy behaviors. 15.1 percent of Americans fall below the poverty level, due to the economic disparity in America (State).
Kallen Brunson In the article, “How Race becomes Biology: Embodiment of Social Inequality” by Clarence C. Gravlee, Gravlee argues that race, and the assumption of race in everyday life, makes the difference in biology much more clear and affects the life cycles of people due to their perceived race (Gravlee, 51). The author provides, using both his research and others’, an argument against the complete notion that race is only a social construct (Gravlee, 53). Through a series of statements, Gravlee states that race shouldn’t simply be excluded from anthropological discussion, but incorporated into present views regarding healthcare and impacts on society.
They must ensure that they are providing adequate services to patients and at the same time ensuring that insurance companies are getting paid (Saint Joseph’s University, 2011, Para 6). Along with that they must secure that they are getting paid. Furthermore, physician moral and ethics are challenged as well; Thus, causing them to rethink how they take on their responsibilities as a medical care provider by trying to keep patients best interest, insurance companies interest and their own interests. This conflict with trying to meet the needs of several different stakeholders causes strain on the physician because they must walk fine line to please each. While trying to please a specific stakeholder another holder could be compromised.
First, we are clinicians to which these patients seek for our expertise to address their health problems. Secondly, we are diagnosticians whereby we seek the underlying causes of our patient’s health issues. Third, we are educators to which we help our patients cope and understand their health conditions. And lastly, we aspire to be the catalyst for a positive change in our patient’s concept of wellness and health. And truly, when we achieve our roles as catalysts for change for our patients we exude the transformative power of physical
Summary of Findings This project discusses key health disparities that exist between Blacks and Whites in the United States Health Care System. This analysis also discusses the historical origins of the health disparities that exist between Blacks and Whites in the U.S. Health care system. This analysis describes the complex social, political and health factors of health disparities between Black and Whites. This describes the steps individuals can take to combat racism and decrease health disparities among African Americans and whites.
Racism in the Medical Field Racism has existed in the medical field for over 2,500 years. Where people of certain races, religions, and genders are all discriminated against by the people in this world who are supposed to help them. Doctors take an oath to treat all patients with equity, yet still some patients are prone to bigoted racism. However it goes the other way as well, even doctors experience racial prejudice by patients and their families.
Last week I obtained knowledge on the history of medicine. Specifically, I learned how African Americans played an essential role in the history of medicine. Prior to last week I was not well-versed in the history of medicine. However, I was knowledgeable on how African Americans slaves were used for medical research. Slaves were the test subjects for various revered doctors at that time.
During it 's two hour runtime it depicts the both the hardships of pioneering in uncharted territories of medicine as well as the racial discrimination and segregation of America in the 40s. It is a mirror of both great capacity for good and progress as well as inhumane detachment from one another based on race such as with Vivian Thomas or even gender such as with Dr. Helen Taussig. The struggle to advance the discipline of medicine with all cost and at the same time bringing us closer together as human beings under the same purpose no matter the differences is worthy of discussing. The ethical dilemmas depicted on the movie can be divided in two categories; social and medical.
Listening to these physicians talk about how people of color are not in positions such as surgeon, specialist, engineers and etc., so they do not treat these diseases that affect their minority groups. With a lack of underrepresented groups in the medical field many patients in that group do not receive the best health care, for example heart related issues in many African Americans are not addressed till these issues are serious,