Role Of Wildlife Conservation In Malawi

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Wildlife conservation and management in Malawi are governed by the National Parks and Wildlife Act of 2004. Chapter III of the Constitution of Malawi, particularly Section Thirteen (13) (d) also reflects the Government 's commitment to wildlife conservation and management. Malawi wildlife resources play a vital role in the economic and sustainable development of the country, and they contribute directly and indirectly to the local and national economy through revenue generation and wealth creation. According to the Economic Report (2015), tourism in Malawi is nature-based and wildlife resources are a major source of attraction for tourists. The tourism sector contributes 7% of Gross Domestic Product (GDP), of which 2.7% is a contribution from the wildlife sub-sector. Wildlife also has socio-cultural and aesthetic values such that any adverse impacts on it and its environment can drastically and negatively alter the customs, lifestyles and values that characterize Malawian society.
Though wildlife resources play a vital role in the country 's economy, conservation and management of elephants faces a lot of challenges. In broad terms, the main issues affecting elephant conservation across the continent today are habitat loss and fragmentation, human-elephant conflict, poaching for meat and ivory, and negative localized impacts of elephants on their habitats (AfESG, 2003a, 2005). Particularly, an exponential increase in the scale and nature of the Illegal ivory

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