Three Levels Of Management

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Levels of Management According to the chapter one in the book, companies and organizations usually have three levels of management and each level has different jobs. Starting with the first line managers, which called the supervisors. This level is responsible for daily supervision of the non-managerial workers. In other words, the managers of this level are responsible to communicate directly with the employees. Secondly the middle managers, the managers of this level are the supervisors of the first line managers and they are responsible to find the best way to use the resources which are the human, material, information, and the finance resources to achieve the organization’s goals. The third level is the top managers, this level is composed…show more content…
From that I can say that the levels of management are something important in any organization to make the plans, to know how to use the resources, and leading and controlling to achieve the organization’s goals. However, I believe that sometimes one or two people can do all the three levels at the same time. If it is a small organization, you do not need to make the three levels because it will cost the organization money and…show more content…
There are hundreds of the personality traits but the five general ones as the book mention in chapter two are extraversion, negative affectivity, agreeableness, conscientiousness, and openness to experience. These five traits are very importation in management and it determines the ability and the skills of each manager. First of all extraversion, is the tendency to feel good about yourself and to experience positive emotions and positive moods. Managers who have high extraversion tend to be friendly and sociable. However, managers who have low extraversion tend to be more serious. Secondly negative affectivity, is when the person shows negative moods and emotions and always feels distressed. Managers who have high on this tend to be angry all the time and complain about their and others’ work. But managers who are low on this do not tend to show the negative moods and emotions. Third agreeableness, is the tendency to have a good relationship with others. Managers who are high on this are likable and tend to care about others. Managers with low agreeableness may be somewhat distrustful of people. Fourthly conscientiousness, is the tendency to be careful, to follow the rules, and to go with the book. Managers who have high conscientiousness tend to be organized and not flexible. However, the managers who are low on this, are lacks to direction and self-discipline. Finally openness to

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